The Tragedy Of Romeo And Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, And Othello Essay

The Tragedy Of Romeo And Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, And Othello Essay

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Causes of Tragedy in Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, and Othello
A tragedy, as outlined in Aristotle’s Poetics, is a result of a chain of cause and effect that leads to the fall of a tragic hero from happiness and can be found in Shakespeare’s tragedies. This essay will focus on causes found in four of those tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, and Othello, each of which includes the fall of aristocratic or royal heroes through external forces such as familial interference, friends, acquaintances, and supernatural interference from ghosts.
Familial interference in Romeo and Juliet is perhaps the largest influence in the young couple’s predicament as the feud between their two families, the Montagues and Capulets, causes them to take drastic measures that ultimately lead to their deaths. Because of this feud, Juliet is forced to keep her romance with and marriage to Romeo a secret from her family, which leads to their forcing her into a marriage with Paris, her decision to fake her death, and finally her genuine death. Romeo -also forced to keep their relationship a secret -unwittingly kills Tybalt in a rage, causing his banishment, Juliet’s decision to fake her death, and the miscommunication that leads to both their deaths. Familial interference is also present in Othello as the beginning of Othello’s journey as a tragic hero is marked by the happiness granted to him by Brabantio, Desdemona’s father, accepting Othello’s love of and marriage to Desdemona, who is the cause of his tragic fall. Family also plays a large role in Hamlet as Hamlet is greatly influenced by his mother’s betrayal by marrying his uncle Claudius only a few months after his father’s death. It is clear throughout the play that Hamlet’s...


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...mlet’s fall into madness, misery, and his role as a tragic hero. In Julius Caesar, Brutus was visited by the Ghost of Caesar in his tent the night before a battle (4.3.274). The Ghost of Caesar, when asked why he has appeared, says “To tell thee thou shalt see me at Philippi.” which leads Brutus to fear his prophesied death at Philippi (4.3.284). The appearance of Caesar’s ghost also brings back the memories and feelings of Brutus’s betrayal and role in Caesar’s death, thus pulling him further into misery as his past sins weigh on his conscience.
The tragic fall of aristocratic or royal heroes from happiness into misery in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, and Othello through deception, feuds, and even murder is caused by several external forces, including familial interference, friends, acquaintances, and supernatural interference from ghosts.

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