The Tragedy Of Antigone By Sophocles Essay

The Tragedy Of Antigone By Sophocles Essay

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“Antigone” is a drama that was written by Sophocles. Sophocles was one of the great writers of tragedies during the ancient Greece era. For this reason, there is no debate as to whether this story is a tragedy or not. A tragedy is defined as a play that contains dismal events and has an unhappy ending, it typically involves the downfall of the protagonist. Focus on that last part; the downfall of the main character. If “Antigone” is definitely a tragedy, and a tragedy involves the destruction of the main character, than the drama must portray the hero being brought to ruin. Now, most readers would agree that it is obvious who the protagonist of the play is. Antigone, whom the play is named for, is brought to a tragic end. I completely agree; however, there is another character who could fit the role of the protagonist. That miserable definition could also be used to describe Creon, Antigone’s uncle. Due to the definitions of characters and the format of how the tragedy was written, I believe that Creon is the true protagonist of this play.
Aristotle describes a tragic hero as a literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction. (Ohio) Most often, this judgement error is an act of hubris or pride. Therefore, to prove this claim is true, it is necessary to analyze both Antigone and Creon’s actions during the play. First, we will take a look at Antigone and the events she suffers through. The story begins with a prologue told by a conversation between Antigone and her sister Ismene. From this conversation we learn that Antigone’s brothers have been slain over a fight for the throne. Not only that, but “Creon buried our brother Eteocles… but Polyneices… Creon has sworn that no one shall bu...


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...o have her killed and commits his error of pride. The result is that all of his relatives end up committing suicide. These actions perfectly fit the description of the main character being brought to ruin.
Antigone is not brought to ruin. She acts out of loyalty and in the end decides to bring death upon herself. The story never describes her as having a fatal flaw such as Creon’s pride. The only example might be her stubbornness when arguing with her uncle. These comparison make it very clear that Creon is in fact the tragic hero of this play. The final passage in the play also supports this statement. “There is no happiness where there is no wisdom; No wisdom but in submission to the gods. Big words are always punished, And proud men in old age learn to be wise.” These words are not talking about Antigone, they describe the lesson Creon learned through his demise.

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