Traditional Learning Context
As a 17 year old in the mid 1990s, I enrolled in an introductory psychology course at a private religious college in central Virginia. The college was traditional in almost every way, from the way coursework was organized to the ways in which classroom activities were delivered. The course textbook was the primary reading for the course, the lecturer delivered the readings with a traditional lecture using an overhead transparency projector, and students regurgitated the lectures via scantron, fill in the bubble tests. Little discussion was encouraged in the class. In fact, if students were whispering among themselves in the large lecture hall, their behavior was rewarded by being called upon by the lecturer. Usually, being called upon by the lecturer meant that he wanted the students to recite an obscure fact from the textbook. A student who could not cite the required facts from the textbook would be “called out” in front of the class for failing to do the reading; occasionally, the lecturer would summarily dismiss the student from lecture.
Much of the course was, indeed, unmemorable. In fact, the only lecture that I remember was the lecture on sexual orientation identity. Consistent with the school's firm conservative roots and policy on same sex desire—...
... middle of paper ...
...al and professional identity today.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
(4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/topics/sexuality/sorientation.pdf
Ellis, A., Abrams, M., & Abrams, L. (2009). Personality theories: Critical perspectives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Merriam, S., Caffarella, R., & Baumgartner, L. (2007). Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
National Association of Social Workers. (2005). National committee on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues. Retrieved from http://www.socialworkers.org/governance/cmtes/nclgbi.asp
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Andragogy Reflection Self-directing “Independence, the ability to make choices and critical judgments, and the capacity to articulate the norms and limits of a learning society” describe an autonomous learner (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007, p. 122). 95% of the adult learners that attend the mandatory First Training have worked in the hospital setting for over a year or longer. Most feel as if the training is telling them how to treat their patients using scripts rather than being themselves and being sincere to their patients.... [tags: self-directing, self-motivated]
985 words (2.8 pages)
- Andragogy Personal Reflection Introduction Malcolm Knowles introduced the term andragogy to the field of educational research in 1968, and he ultimately identified six underlying assumptions about adult learners (Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner, 2007, p. 84). While it may seem obvious now that adult learners have different needs and motivations, it had not been previously delineated or identified as such. The phrase ‘non-traditional student’ has long been used to describe adults who return to an educational setting after they have been out of high school for a few, or many years.... [tags: non traditional student, adult learning]
1045 words (3 pages)
- ... The regional director always made the presentation. After that, she shared sales reports for the week, the month, and year-to date with the sales team, which was a diverse group composed of about sixty agents ranging in age from mid-30’s to late-60’s. She praised top sellers and exposed those with low sales. She carefully reiterated expectations and talked about consequences of not meeting those expectations. She developed sales methods and trained everyone on the same methods, providing scripts as she thought appropriate and warning that there would be no deviations from those scripts.... [tags: traditional and non-traditional learning]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- ... All the required assignments were relative to the literature that was required by the class, and that is the just of the literature being beneficial as well. The weekly quizzes, two major tests, and the final were all loosely based on the lectures themselves. The problem was that the delivery of the lectures was monotone and lifeless. Imagine that you are sitting through a lecture delivered by a computerized voice; not that the instructor was a computer, that makes it impossible to take notes and keep focus.... [tags: andragogy, self-directing, traditional]
1072 words (3.1 pages)
- ... This year the speaker used a PowerPoint presentation to guide him and his audience along the course of the lecture. While I found his topic of “School Culture” to be quiet interesting, I could not resist my heavy eyes as the lecture drew on. The speaker seemed to be an expert in his field; however, there was no inflection or intonation in his voice. He was in fact, Mono toned. After returning to our seats at the close of our first break, I noticed something I had not noticed in years past, my colleagues, not just from my school, but from the other schools as well, were acting like teenagers.... [tags: educational experiences, teachers]
1344 words (3.8 pages)
- As an adult learner in an online learning environment, a certain amount of readiness skills will be necessary. Various information shall be presented to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the online learning environment. This paper will identify the difference between the adult online learner and a traditional learner. The purpose of this research paper is to bring together statistics of the functionality of the adult learner within the online environment. The resources Literacy, numeracy, and edified citizenry aptitudes join the groundwork upon which is built the well-rounded adult learner (Tomei, 2010).... [tags: education, online, success]
1305 words (3.7 pages)
- ... Many traditional students are expected to stay in school by their kin (Tews, 2013). Traditional learners may not always have a precise objective in mind, unlike an adult learner (Tews, 2013). Adult learners are more disposed to accepting accountability for their own learning (Tews, 2013). Critical cerebrating is an implement for making decisions and solving quandaries, both attributes of the prosperous learner whether traditional or a distance (Tomei, 2010). When research compares the duration devoted to distance versus traditional injuctive authorization in the areas of distribution of instructional content, student counsel and advisement, and the student assessment, the findings pelluc... [tags: teachers, students, self-efficacy]
1322 words (3.8 pages)
- When discussing the adult learning theory, andragogy is the best model for higher learning in adult education. Andragogy comes from the Greek word aner which means man and agogus which means leading (Knowles, 1980). The full translation means learning of adults. Andragogy was first used in the 1800s by a German teacher named Alex Kapp (Wang, 2011). It would not be until the late 1960s that a professor by the name of Malcolm S. Knowles would introduce andragogy to North America in a published article.... [tags: Education]
930 words (2.7 pages)
- ... Self-Directing “As a person matures, he or she moves from dependency to self-directedness” (Knowles, 1984). Adult learners need instructors to give them explicit directions on what to do, how to do it, and when. Instructors are treated as experts who know what the adult learner needs to do, or they passively slide through the educational system, responding mainly to instructors who “make” them learn. When establishing a learner-centered learning environment, the instructor could have prepared a lively syllabus with time to discuss and any additional details the adult learners from a previous class could have left letters or notebooks for incoming adult learners.... [tags: personal experience, education process]
1062 words (3 pages)
- Learning Technologies in Adult Education Any tool “designed to extend a learner’s capacity for effective action and that requires skill and certain strategies to use efficiently” is a learning technology (Burge 2001, p. 146). A well-structured face-to-face group discussion, a pencil, and print materials fit this definition as do newer tools such as web-based conferencing (ibid.). One of the greatest myths surrounding learning technologies is related to what they are. Because of the term technology, it is frequently believed that learning technologies are instructional devices that make use of computers, the Internet, or some other type of electronic technology such as video and television.... [tags: Learning Technology Technological Essays]
1954 words (5.6 pages)