Free Social desirability bias Essays and Papers

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    I am using secondary research because it saves time. I will not have to collect the data first hand, which will allow me time to evaluate the information found. I will research using the Internet, reports on Cadbury and magazine articles. Secondary research Secondary research is information that has previously been gathered from other sources. It is usually carried out by a third party company. The data is then analysed and made available for other companies. When using secondary data

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    Smiling is an important function in expressing your emotions of happiness, amusement, affection or pleasure. It is often thought that you smile because you are happy however it can go the other way as well; you can feel happy because you’re smiling. Parede, Stavraki, Brinol, & Petty (2012) administered an experiement looking at the Impact of facial expressions (smiling) on attitude change. It was hypothesised that ‘smiling would be associated with greater reliance on thoughts than no smiling informing

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    Anorexia

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    •     Petrie, Trent A. and Rogers, Rebecca L. Psychological correlates of anorexia and bulimic symptomatology. Journal of Counseling and Development. Volume 79. Spring. 01 pgs. 178-185. Purpose: This study investigated the connection between eating disorder symptomatology and several psychological correlates-obsessiveness, dependency, over controlled hostility, assertiveness, locus of control, and self-esteem. Regression analyses indicated that obsessiveness and 2 factors of dependency accounted

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    The Effects of Women's Age and Physical Appearance on Evaluations of Attractiveness and Social Desirability Without question, the concepts of attractiveness and age are both important considerations to many individuals within Western culture. Age itself, is often viewed as a component of physical attractiveness. Arthur H. Perlini, Susan Bertolissi and David L. Lind performed an interesting study that incorporates the well-recognized factors of age and attractiveness. Moreover, the study used

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    Social Media Controversy

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    with technology, they receive information daily from social media. Most college students first hear about news stories through social media, some through face-to-face information from friends, and even less from the television or radio (Rosengard, Tucker-McLaughlin, & Brown, 2014). Young adults are constantly exposed to a biased media, which can cause certain groups of people disproportionately influenced because of the availability heuristic bias, which is “the ease with which instances or associations

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    mentioned earlier, conducive environment where the interview took place at played a major role in synchronous communication. There was no disturbance or no traces of distractions. The interviewee paid complete attention and also seemed interested. Social cues of the interviewee also helped me get some information. Face-to-face interviewing also gave me a chance to observe the voice, intonation and body language of the interviewee which play an important role in delivering messages when answering a

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    For my Communications course at Old Dominion University entitled “Persuasion”, we recently reviewed the three different attitude scales. Each of the scales can and should be used in the proper way depending upon what the situation may be. In general, attitudes help us to predict, explain and modify behavior. To better understand the attitude scales; one must first understand the theory and meanings behind the actual term attitude and how attitudes are helpful to the study of Persuasion. First, Attitudes

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    Homosexual Parents: Does the Parents’ Sexual Orientation Affect the Kids? Society in many instances does not fully support or understand homosexual issues. The homosexual community is a valid part of the social community that has been excluded and marginalized for many years. With the continued ostracism of the homosexual community misconception, myth, and prejudice continue to exist concerning homosexuality. However, recently a new series of laws in the United States have pushed gay issues to the

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    victim surveys and self-report studies are the three main measures of the extent of crime in Britain. The oldest method is to rely on official data collected by criminal justice agencies, such as data on arrests or convictions. The other two rely on social surveys. In one case, individuals are asked if they have been victims of crime; in the other, they are asked to self-report their own criminal activity. (Terence P. Thornberry and Marvin D. Krohn) Although these are a main secondary source of quantitative

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    their study by including a large sample, controlling for various child and maternal confounders (i.e., covariates), and stratifying analyses by race/ethnicity; however, as previously discussed, study design and execution issues (e.g., recall, social desirability and selection biases, and confounding) threatened its validity.44 Study Design An observational, prospective, pre-/post-birth cohort study, with a nested sibling cohort,

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    nonparticipant, structured, non-structured and naturalistic. This method includes an observation of the respondent by the researcher in the respondent’s natural social settings. The researcher has no influence over the behaviour of the respondent. Observations are commonly used to study aspects of development, including physical, social, emotional and intellectual

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    inductive technique of interpreting recorded data about a social phenomenon to build

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    Marijuana Survey Sample

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    throughout the United States is good and can reduce voluntary response bias, the only reached out to a little over a thousand people, which in its own makes their conclusion weak as 1,023 people can not be representative of all adult people that live in the United States. In addition to this flaw, this survey contains a non response bias as only 500 of those selected people cooperated. The fact that there is a non response bias means that there is a population that isn't represented since the people

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    deterministic as it assumes that people are born a criminal due to predisposed factors, and is unable to escape their destiny meaning that it does not take into account social or economic factors. This may raise... ... middle of paper ... ...sues with social desirability and as it is a self report method, there may be a social desirability bias. A major problem with this theory overall is that there is little evidence to support it. However, Cochrane found links between the psychoticism and neuroticism

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    Corporal Punishment Annotated Bibliography Zolotor,A.J.,Theodore,A.D.,Runyan,D.K.,Chang,J.J.,&Laskey,A. L. (2011). Corporal punishment and physical abuse: population- based trends for three-to-11-year-old children in the United States. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 57–66. Summarize the Source Thesis: Corporal punishment is considered as an act of violence against children, and it includes any use of physical punishment in response to misbehavior. Corporal punishment has been associated with child abuse

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    and Attempted Suicide Adam C. Green Central Washington University Reference Scourfield, J., Jacob, N., Smalley, N., Prior, L., & Greenland, K. (2007). Young people's gendered interpretations of suicide and attempted suicide. Child & Family Social Work, 12(3), 248-257. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2206.2007.00498.x Summary This article focuses on how adolescents and young adults view the differences between male and female suicides and suicide attempts. The authors point out that suicide rates among

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    Both approaches suffer from potential bias; Adorno el al’s. F-scale may have had confirmatory bias, potentially causing a problem in which the interviewers know the results from the participant’s prior questionnaires, and subconsciously steer the results and findings towards a particular goal, causing a self-fulfilling prophecy. Although Altemeyer’s approach may not have involved interviews, the results could have still been biased, as acquiescence response bias could have occurred if the participants

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    in employing a way to reduce prejudice. I also learned that the end goal of research was to have a verified theory and draw application from it that could be applied to real life. I didn 't know that applications from research could be applied in social settings. As I said before, research is much more complex than the explanation that was given to me in high school. Within these different categories there are even smaller categories that assist the processes as a whole. For example, data collection

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    that can be directly observed and quantified e.g. the number of visits to the doctors in one year. It attempts to explain human behaviour by discovering cause and effect relationships e.g. Durkheim claimed he had found a causal relationship between social isolation and suicide. Interpretivists use a range of research methods. They often use unstructu...

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    using the indirect approach. The results of these studies hardly addressed the main issue and often difficult to interpret. So, the authors choose a direct approach by observing that the convexity of the indifference curves takes into account the desirability of variety. The authors observe that there are different groups of goods. A good in a certain group is close substitute for other goods in the same group but weak substitute with the goods in different group. The authors then take a convex utility

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