It did not take much time after the US obtained this new land that thousands of Chicanos lost their homelands. These Native citizens had already gained the ownership of their property through Spanish or Mexican law, however, due to the fact that United States courts did not recognize these laws these natives
religious societies. Works Cited Keoke, Emory Dean., and Kay Marie. Porterfield. Encyclopedia of American Indian Contributions to the World: 15,000 Years of Inventions and Innovations. New York, NY: Facts on File, 2002. Print. Pritzker, Barry. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. New York: Oxford UP, 2000. Print.
In this article, Gutiérrez addresses the gradual change in the perspective of Mexican Americans as they moved from believing in strict restriction on immigration to a more united, welcoming stance on immigration from Mexico. The author reasons that the Mexican Americans initially called for a tighter restriction on immigration because they viewed immigrants as competition for employment, a factor that would lower wages, and as impeding on their assimilation. Furthermore, the author points to the
Eichstaedt, Peter H. 1994 If You Poison Us : Uranium and Native Americans. Santa Fe : Red Crane Books. Kammer, Jerry 1987 The second long walk : the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute. Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press. Kelly, Matt 1997 Land Dispute Still Embroils Navajos, Hopis. The Columbian September 15. Monestersky, Marsha 1997 Chronology of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute. Electronic document. http://www
instead of obtaining these things in a more violet way. The military troops were patrolling these areas to reduce the amount of thievery by the Navajo and the Mescalero’s until the Civil War broke out in 1861. The military forces in New Mexico were instructed by the new policy in 1862 to subdue the Navajo and Mescalero’s. They were successful and ended up transferring two hundred Navajo prisoners to the Ft Sumner where they held them as prisoners of war. After the war, in 1868, a treaty was made and
Postwar United States, 1946 to 1968, Revised Edition (Volume IX). New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2010. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 12 February 2012. Tejada-Flores, Rick. "Fight in the Fields - CESAR CHAVEZ | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 12 February 2012. Tenes, Angel. "SYLVIA MENDEZ GETS HIGHEST U.S. AWARD & HONOR."MENDEZ V. WESTMINSTER. 25 February 2011. Web. 10 March 2012. United States and Mexico. "Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo." From Treaties and Other Agreements
population about 200,000. They were attacked by Kit Carson and US troops 1864, and were rounded up and exiled. Their reservation, created 1868, is the largest in the US 65,000 sq km/25,000 sq mi , and is mainly in NE Arizona but extends into NW New Mexico and SE Utah. Many Navajo now herd sheep and earn an income from tourism, making and selling rugs, blankets, and silver and turquoise jewelry. Like the Apache, they speak a Southern Athabaskan language. Navajo speakers served the United States
traditions about a secret Navajo warrior language that was used in the seven and eighteenth centuries. His coded language was used so that enemies would not be able to hear and understand what was being said. The United States was in desperate need of a new code in the Pacific Theatre because the other codes were being broken and or took to long to be deciphered and passed along. "Previous codes were so complex that military leaders complained they took hours to decipher. The Navajos could encode, transmit
Code Talkers: World War II Fact Sheet, 2014). The Navajo code talkers were an important and integral part of the victory in the Pacific for the United States. The history of the Navajo people goes back a long time. They lived in the area around New Mexico, before they had any interaction with the first settlers. They were mainly a group of hunters and gathers (Navajo Facts, 2014). Eventually they adopted certain techniques from the Pueblo people (Navajo Facts, 2014). From the Pueblo people they learned
During the 1970’s, Mexican Americans were involved in a large social movement called the "Chicano movement." Corresponding with the great development of the black civil rights movement, Mexican Americans began to take part in a series of different social protests in which they demanded equal rights for themselves. Composed mainly of Mexican American students and youth, these activists focused on maintaining a pride for their culture as well as their ethnicity to fuel their political campaign.