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    Mirror Neurons

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    Mirror neurons have been one of the most exciting neurological discoveries in recent years. Some researchers have even gone as far as comparing the discovery of mirror neurons to DNA. Mirror neurons may be analogous to other human sensory systems and some believe that mirror neurons represent their own unique sensory system. Mirror neurons fire when a person or animal performs certain activities as well as when they watch another perform the same activity (Winerman, 2005). Basically, they allow animals

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    Relating Autism and Mirror Neurons

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    with autism to the mirror-neuron system not functioning properly. Researchers found that mirror neurons preform the same functions that are disrupted in Autism. Therefore, it can be hypothesized that one cause of Autism is a dysfunctional mirror-neuron system, given that the presumed functions of these class of neurons – such as empathy, intention-reading, mimicry, pretend play, and language learning- are deficient in autism. Studying the unexpected relationship between mirror neurons and autism is vital

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    Mirror Neurons and Giacomo Rizzolatti

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    Mirror Neurons are neurons that respond to goal-directed actions performed by oneself or by others (Ward, 2010). Mirror neurons are so named because there are structures found in the brain that become active when a person executes an act or when that person observes the act being executed by another (Goolkasian,2009). Giacomo Rizzolatti and colleagues were the first ones to observe mirror neurons. In early 1990s, they were investigating neurons in a monkey’s premotor cortex firing as the monkey

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    of the viewer (Brass et al. 2007). While the inferential process theory enjoyed a period of general acceptance, the discovery of mirror neurons, cells in macaque frontal area F5 which respond both when an action made and when that same action is observed, turned the tide in favor of the embodied simulation theory (Gallese et al. 1996). Overall, though mirror neurons are undoubtedly active as a result of motor observation, it is unlikely based on empirical evidence that they are solely, or even primarily

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    Mirror neuron research is arguably one of the biggest breakthroughs in psychological and biological brain research, and the understanding of how our cognitive motor skills work within the past decade. Mirror neurons have found aid in the way we understand what happens around us, and how we interpret information to help in our survival. Mirror neurons have also been discovered to help in the explanation of autism, and the evolution of speech, along with providing explanation for the reason our brain

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    WHAT ARE MIRROR NEURONS? Mirror neurons have been hailed by scientists as the most significant finding in neurology in the past decade, the key to understanding the secrets of human interaction and learning, and as significant to psychology as DNA is to biology. Mirror neurons are a newly-discovered structure of the brain responsible for the firing of neurons during both physical movement and the observation of physical movement. It is these firings during observation of movements that has scientists

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    Mirror Neurons Summary

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    Reflections on mirror neurons, written by Temma Ehrenfeld was written about the decovery in mirror neuronsin the human brain. Temma belived that studing mirror neurons will help stroke patients. When looking for mirror neurons they would hook up electrodes deep inside the brain. After hooking up the electrodes they could look at areas of the brain that light up to find their location. Ehrenfeld explains the similarity between humans and monkeys mirroring activity. Then research of a monkey’s brain

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    peripheral nervous system. The functional unit of the nervous system is a neuron. It is estimated 100 billion neurons reside in the brain with some neurons making anywhere between 10,000 to 100,000 connections with other cells! A distinctive class of neurons, mirror neurons discharge both when the individual executes a motor action and when he/she observes another individual performing that same or similar action. These mirror neurons were discovered by neurophysiologists in the 1990s at the University

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    cognitive processes (Kasier & Shiffrar, 2009). Perception of Motion For humans, our ability to understand other people’s actions, and the intentions behind those actions, are enabled by our mirror neuron system (Cattaneo & Rizzolatti, 2009). Most crucial throughout infancy and toddler years, the mirror neuron system (MNS) allows for simple tasks such as imitation, which later becomes vital to the development of our social cognitive skills (Iacoboni & Dapretto, 2006). The MNS is located in the F5

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    Ocytocin

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    Significance The question of how empathy has evolved has recently gained traction in the scientific community. Contagious yawning has become a central aspect of this research into the evolution of empathy. Contagious yawning is related to the automatic transfer of emotion from one individual to another (emotional contagion), which is theorized to be an adaption to facilitate prosocial interactions within a social group (de Waal, 2008). Prosocial behaviors are thought to have evolved from mechanisms

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