Free Maternal Essays and Papers

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    The topic of this paper is the debate of whether or not maternal employment has any effect on infant development. Research on this described topic has recently become popular due to the rise of working mothers over the past several decades. Their increasing numbers in the workplace and decreasing numbers as stay at home moms are creating a number of different issues to be studied. The effects of maternal employment are determined by a number of factors that include, the mother’s job satisfaction

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    The Reality of Maternal Instincts

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    Maternal instincts- are they just a myth or are they real? How can you tell when you are right or just want to be right? We claim that we know best for our children but do we really? There is no scientific test to prove maternal instincts exists, yet there are examples of it all around us. We can claim that maternal instincts are human nature, but not all women have maternal instincts. Mothers with maternal instincts know when their children are in danger. Are those mothers with this ability just

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    Maternal Bond in Toni Morrison's Beloved

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    Maternal Bond in Toni Morrison's Beloved The maternal bond between mother and kin is valued and important in all cultures.  Mothers and children are linked together and joined: physically, by womb and breast; and emotionally, by a sense of self and possession.  Once that bond is established, a mother will do anything for her child.  In the novel Beloved, the author, Toni Morrison, describes a woman, Sethe, who's bond is so strong she goes to great lengths to keep her children safe and protected

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    Maternal mortality and morbidity in recent years has become a major deveopmental issue and a matter of concern in many developing countries especially with the passage of the United Nations Millennium development goals. Many countries including Ghana are striving to reach the Millenium Development Goal (MDG) target 5 by 2015. Ghana is one of the sub-Saharan African countries still recording high numbers of maternal mortality and morbidity related issues and this poses a serious challenge for the

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    Maternal Healthcare in Rural Malawi

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    paper, I would highlight the barriers and solution for the maternal mortality conditions in Malawi. Prior to the year 1990, maternal mortality was prevalent and thus became the issue to be included and solve as fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG). The addition of maternal mortality into the goals of solving international issues proves its significance towards building a better society. The World Health Organization (WHO) describes maternal mortality as, The death of a woman while pregnant or within

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    Cora Munro's Sexual and Maternal Instincts in James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans Cora Munro's relationship with her younger, fairer sister Alice demonstrates a distinct mother-daughter pattern that manifests itself in every interaction between the two women. Throughout James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans, the character of Cora continuously hides her sister's face in her bosom as an indication of undying protection from the ravages of the American frontier. Alice depends

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    The Maturation of a Maternal Bond in Morning Song What is the only difference between the emotions of an ordinary smiling new mother in the 1960's and those of Sylvia Plath when she writes her melancholy "Morning Song" soon after her child's birth?  While most new mothers pretended all was well, Plath published her true feelings. Simply because society held that all new mothers should be filled with immense joy after giving birth does not mean that they actually were.  Plath had the courage

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    John Bowlby and Maternal Deprivation Bowlby believed that maternal behaviour was instinctive in humans as it appears to be in animals. Mothers and their babies form an instinctive attachment to each other using genetically inherited skills such as smiling, grasping, crying and so on. If a separation occurs between mother and infant within the first few years of the child’s life, Bowlby believed that the bond would be irreversibly broken, leading to severe emotional consequences for the

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    etiological factors for maternal morbidity and mortality include hemorrhage, infection, obstructed labor, risky abortions, and indirect causes, such as malaria and HIV. With a growing knowledge of sterilization, and advent of antibiotics, the Global North experienced a major drop in maternal mortality and morbidity. In 2009, the US maternal mortality ratio was 24/per 100,000 live births, 10 times lower than global averages, 260. Off the US coast, the island nation of Haiti’s maternal mortality ratio is

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    access to any type of modern health institution is limited at best (p. 1). If citizen of Ethiopia had more accessibility of the healthcare system more individuals could be taught how to practice safe health practices. In Ethiopia where HIV, and maternal and infant mortality rates are sky high, more education on the importance of using the healthcare system and makin... ... middle of paper ... ...ce of mortality, education can also be given to them about healthy child development and what to

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    South Africa Maternal Mortality Ratio

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    universal access to reproductive health care and a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio by 2015.1 Unfortunately, worldwide progress is uneven—some countries are on track to reach MDG 5 (e.g., Bangladesh), some have made progress but are not on track (e.g., Rwanda), and some have made no progress (e.g., South Africa, where the maternal mortality rate (MMR) has risen since 1990).2 There are several robust, evidence-based maternal and reproductive health interventions. 1, 3-4 However, inconsistent

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    as though the only kind of love that is genuinely unconditional, asking nothing in return and sometimes getting nothing in return, is maternal love. Otto Wininger’s description of maternal love is that of an instinctive and natural impulse. He reaches his conclusion solely by comparing a human mother to that of an animal. However Wininger’s analogy that “maternal love cannot be truly represented as resting on moral grounds” is not plausible, for human mothers are very well able to reason and make

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    In 2012, there were a total of 3,952,841 births in the United States and of these, 55,758 were born in the state of Kentucky (Martin et al., 2013). Hardin County, Kentucky is the home of about 107,025 people (Kentucky Health Facts, 2008). The main cities that make up Hardin County include Elizabethtown, Radcliff, and Fort Knox. Hardin County is considered a rural community. The majority of all births in Hardin County occur in a hospital or at home. The community of Hardin County Kentucky extends

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    include being able to address all these varying areas of importance. While a limitation may be the continuation of funding and the efforts put forth by this initiative to make it sustainable. When reviewing CIDA’s role in helping Afghanistan improve maternal health within their country, CIDA has promised much financial aid. However, the issue of sustainability arises with this approach. The investment in and of itself is great for the ability to ensure health services are available, and to be able to

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    child development

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    That is why it is not surprising that so much research has been developed on that topic. In the article “Transforming the Debate About Child Care and Maternal Employment” the author, Louise B. Silverstein, presents a very interesting point of view on the history as well as the future of psychological research on child care and influence of maternal employment on child development. The very essence of Silverstein’s argument was the biggest shock to me. She claims that psychological research and political

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    Blunt Trauma in Pregnancy AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENTS Trauma affects 6-7% of pregnancies in the U.S. 60 - 67% related to automobile accidents. Fetal mortality after maternal blunt trauma is 34 - 38%. The two major causes of fetal death after maternal blunt trauma are: Maternal shock/death, and placental abruption. The pregnant trauma patient presents a unique challenge because care must be provided for two patients, the mother and the fetus. It is vital that the nurse know and understand the anatomical

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    assuming a maternal role, in order to inspire the aggression needed to fulfill their ambitions. Similarly, in Coriolanus, Volumnia maintains a clear, overtly maternal position over Coriolanus, molding him to be the ideal of heroic masculinity that both separates him from the rest of the characters and inescapably binds him to his mother. These two plays, more than any other in the Shakespearean canon, throw into doubt the notion of a completely autonomous masculine identity by revealing the maternal nature

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    Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin

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    Harriet Beecher Stowe promotes two related but distinct moral codes in Uncle Tom's Cabin: One that is based on Christian values, the other on maternal values. Consider how, at the beginning of the novel, both Uncle Tom and Eliza decide to act when told they are to be sold. Uncle Tom puts his faith in God and lets whatever will happen, happen. Eliza, who as well faces being separated from her child, decides to escape. Both decisions, though opposing, are sympathetically portrayed and seem appropriate

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    Child Observation Report

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    Child Observation Subjects: Boy-3 years old, Girl-4 years old, Mother. Hypothesis: My hypothesis was to determine the effects of maternal presence versus absence on sibling behavior. Setting: This observation took place in the children's home. As a playroom they used the living room because that is where all their toys are. For my observation I used both the siblings and their mother. During the observation I was present including the children and their mother. I am not related to those

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    Janet Adelman's Hamlet

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    Janet Adelman's Hamlet Janet Alderman in her essay "'Man and Wife Is One Flesh':  Hamlet and the Confrontation with the Maternal Body" embraces the psychoanalytic tradition of Freud and Lacan in order to reveal the quadruple-angled relationship of the Hamlet monarchy.  Focusing primarily on the relationship between Gertrude and her son, Hamlet, Alderman attempts to recast the drama as a charged portrait of Oedipal disillusionment and Lacanian sexual-abnegation.  Appropriately, sexuality provides

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