Free Lesions Essays and Papers

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    brain functions in human and non-human animals; the lesion method (in Banich, 2004). The basic concept of the lesion method is to determine a correlation between a lesion in a certain region of the brain and occurring behaviours. The lesion method strategy thus involves ablating or destroying a proportion of the brain in order to understand the functional nature of that specific brain part and its effects on behaviour (in Carlson, 2006). A lesion refers to the structural change or damage of brain

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    What Is Flaccid Dysarthria?

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    nervous system to the muscle fibers; from the brainstem to the cranial nerves with motor function, or from the anterior horns of grey matter to the spinal nerves (Murdoch, 1998). If there are lesions to spinal nerves and the cranial nerves with motor speech functions, it is indicative of a lower motor neuron lesion and flaccid dysarthria. Damage to lower motor neurons that supply the speech muscles is also known as bulbar palsy (Pena-Brooks & Hedge, 2007). Potential etiologies of flaccid dysarthria include

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    Hypotonia

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    the mother during the video process, she mentioned several of these symptoms that appear to point to peripheral hypotonia. The most important step in the initial neurological examinations is to differentiate between upper and lower motor neuron lesions. The motor examination should also identify th... ... middle of paper ... ...f personal factors affecting performance. In E.B. Crepeau, E.S. Cohn & B.A.B. Schell (Eds.), Willard and Spackman's occupational therapy (11 ed., pp. 650-714). Philadelphia:

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    Regarding the study “Flaxseed reduces plasma cholesterol and atherosclerotic lesion formation in ovariectomized Golden Syrian hamsters”, the research question for Lucas et al. (2004) study is: Can flaxseed reduce plasma cholesterol and the formation of atherosclerotic lesion in women who are deficient in ovarian hormones or menopausal women? According to the study, in menopausal women, the deficiency of ovarian hormones will increase the level of plasma cholesterol and the risk of plaque formation

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    The lesion was located left of the midline of the oral cavity. It was white, ulcerated, and well-circumscribed. The lesion appears to be erosive lichen planus. Erosive lichen planus is a chronic condition which is painful and affects the mucous membranes of the oral cavity which often accompanies classic lichen planus

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    part of a team that together, creates the appropriate setting for an accurate diagnosis. Definitions Anatomic landmark: Structures seen on a radiograph that are within normal limits. Benign lesion: A lesion that is slow growing with well-defined borders and is not cancerous. Bilateral lesion: A lesion appearing on both sides of the oral cavity. Differential diagnosis: A diagnosis of identifying a disease using a myriad of signs, symptoms, radiographs and a clinical exam. Interpretation:

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    The Neurologist

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    Loss of communication and language can be a result of damage to the temporal lobe of the brain. The type of language loss is dependent of what specific area of the temporal lobe has been damaged. Possible types of damage to the brain can be a lesion or a tumor. It is the job of the neurologist to locate the area of damage and to assess the level of impairment. Neurologist use a variety of test to asses the possible damage to the brain or spinal cord including CAT scans, Magnetic Resonance

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    MS Sclerosis

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    have introduced a study looking at MS and how frontal lobe lesions affect specific test performances. The frontal lobe of the brain is responsible for, simply put, impulse control, judgment, memory, language, and much more. When a MS patient has a brain lesion, or a location of the brain that has been heavily damaged, specific functions are affected. The above researchers developed a study to look at the extents of the effects of MS lesions, specifically the white matter of the frontal lobe. In past

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    radiograph

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    References Parihar, A., Keluskar, V., Bagewadi, A., & Shetti, A. (2010). Comparing the accuracy in diagnosing periapical lesions by conventional and direct digital radiography. Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and radiolog, 22(4), 185-189. Retreved from: Dentistry and Oral Science Source (EBSCO). 11.29.2013 Summary Comparing the Accuracy in Diagnosing Periapical Lesions by Conventional and Direct Digital Radiography by Parihar, A., Keluskar, V., Bagewadi, A., & Shetti, A. (2010) was selected

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    versus pulpal abscess The relationship between periodontal disease and pulpal infection occurs primarily by the intimate anatomic and vascular interactions between the pulp and the periodontium. As such, when we as dentists see these periapical lesions affecting the periodontium and the apical tissue, proper diagnosis and treatment is of utmost importance if we are to give the affected tooth a hopeful prognosis. Abscess Definition An abscess is an enclosed collection of liquefied tissue, known

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    (SLAP) lesions are a type of biceps related pathology found in a wide range of populations. In a retrospective review of 2375 shoulder arthroscopies, Snyder, Banas, & Karzel (1995) found the incidence rate was only 6%. Recently, Level III evidence found 9.4% of people had a SLAP lesion out of 4,975 cases (Weber, Martin, Seiler, & Harrast, 2012). A descriptive epidemiology review of 25,574 SLAP lesions found the incidence rate went from 17.0 SLAP lesions for every 10,000 patients to 28.1 lesions per

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    Basal Cell Carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that usually only effects Caucasian people. This type of carcinoma begins in the basal cells which are a type of cell that are on the innermost layer of the epidermis. These cells lie within the skin that produce new skin cells when the old ones die off. Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in the United States. It constitutes approximately 80 percent of all non-melanoma skin cancer (Rubin, A 2004). The main cause of this type of cancer

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    ous_system). The symptoms at accompany MS are as a result of nerve inflammation, which are caused by the lesion in the central nervous system. Inflammation begins because swelling occurs in the lesion once the cells and water move out of the blood stream and into the nervous system tissues (http://www.unitedspinal.org/msscene/2007/04/24/nerve-fibers-are-severed-by-inflammation-in-ms-lesions-leading-to-permanent-disabilities/). As a result of this swelling nerve functions are majorly effected because

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    as a imbalance between re and demineralization and when more minerals are lost than gained from the hard tissues over time, caries lesion occurs.2Dental caries, if allowed to progress will result in non cavitated caries lesions initially on tooth surfaces, and eventually can progress to cavitation. There has been a general trend in clinical practice that caries lesion management focus primarily on operative treatment rather than using preventive non invasive strategies. This will lead to several replacements

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    Neuropsychologist and Patient Perspectives

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    Neuropsychologist and Patient Perspectives There are many classifications of tumors that compress or destroy the hypothalamus. A few forms are craniopharyngioma, germinoma, and glioma. Symptoms of craniopharyngioma include headaches, visual disturbances, pituitary hormone deficiencies, retardation of growth, and calcification of the sella region in children. Germinoma, also called ectopic pineoloma or atypical teratoma, has similar effects to serninoma of the testis or dysgerminoma of the

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    The Importance of Oral Hygiene

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    Importance of careful assessment of oral cavity for suspicious lesions for early detection of multiple myeloma.1 ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Article title: “The multiple oral presentations of multiple myeloma”.1 Bibliographic information: Richard C. Cardoso & Peter J. Gerngross & Theresa M. Hofstede & Donna M. Weber & Mark S. Chambers. Support Care Cancer (2014) 22:259–267 DOI 10.1007/s00520-013-1960-y. PURPOSE/QUESTION: The purpose of this study was: 1) “To show the varied

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    lack of coordination). For lesions affecting the conus medullaris or pelvic nerves, sensation of bladder fullness is lost, leading to distension of the detrusor muscle and inefficient contractions. The bladder becomes flaccid with increased capacity and large residual volumes. Symptoms following cortical and subcortical lesions vary by the location of the lesion. Patients with acute and chronic cerebrovascular accidents have been noted to have

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    Prefrontal Cortex

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    that contemplating the dilemmas activates the prefrontal cortex and other areas that respond to emotion (Kalat 2004). Sustaining a lesion to the prefrontal cortex produces a wide variety of side effects. The effects range from minor to severe. You can get a lesion by head trauma or stroke (CJ Long 2005). Possible deficits associated with minor lesions of the prefrontal cortex: - Inability to respond quickly to verbal instructions - Speech dysfluency - Disturbances in understanding

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    Bbc

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    obtained by using shave biopsy or punch biopsy of the lesion. Shave

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    Ege's Test

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    knee functioning, including shock absorption and stability, with many others.1 Meniscal lesions are a very common injury and the accuracy of diagnostic testing is not very clear. Arthroscopy is currently the gold standard for correct identification due to its high accuracy but is highly invasive and can be very costly to patients.2 Due to this, we looked at the evidence for diagnostic accuracy for meniscal lesions, focusing on the cost-effective strategies of diagnostic clinical

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