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    Joseph Priestley and His Paradigm Shift

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    was Joseph Priestley. This chemist and philosopher discovered one of the biggest things in the world. He discovered oxygen or in other words, dephlogisticated air. Before the 1700s, people believed in the phlogiston theory, which was the belief that we breathe to get rid of phlogiston, which is an odorless, colorless substance that is absorbed into the air after combustion. In 1774, a new theory replaced this. The theory was called the dephlogisticated theory or in other words, oxygen. Joseph Priestley

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    The Phlogistion Theory as a Scientific Theory

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    2014. “Priestley, Joseph.” N. p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. "Priestley, Joseph." Priestley, Joseph. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. "Phlogiston Theory." Princeton University. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. Woodcock, Leslie. “Phlogiston Theory and Chemical Revolutions.” Bulletin for the History of Chemistry Journal 30.2 63–67. Print. J. Priestley, “On the Nature and Essential Properties of Matter,” in Disquisitions Relating to Matter and Spirit, J. Johnson, London, 1777, Section II, p 5. J. Priestley, History

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    In the eighteenth century, as the Age of Enlightenment permeated Europe and nations beyond, scientists made significant progress in unlocking the secrets of the natural world. Men like Sir Humphry Davy, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, Joseph Priestley, Antoine Lavoisier, and others all created a name for themselves due to their discoveries. However, another important scientist of that time, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, is less well-known due to his independence and unwillingness to publish. Even though Scheele

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    though Lavoisier had come to a realization that combustion involved air, he was still puzzled by the exact composition of air, which was not understood then. It was until 1774 when Lavoisier met with the English natural philosopher and phlogistonist Joseph Priestly, who had experimented with a mercury calx and collected a gas, which supported the burning of a candle and the respiration process of a rat (Bowler 63-66).

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    may approach it gradually by a creative attentiveness to each aspect of life around us. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN'S religious creed held that the best service to God is to be good to man. He leaned to the views of the "Dissenters" of his day, notably Joseph Priestley and Richard Price, who preached a doctrine somewhat like present Unitarianism. A moralist, he taught that man's soul is immortal and that man's conduct in this world will determine his condition in the next; so he made a creed of virtue, based

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    Antoine Laurent Lavoisier: A Brief Biography

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    Antoine Laurent Lavoisier is considered to be the father of modern-day chemistry. He had an unbelievable impact on the way the world views chemistry today. From identifying elements to discovering the importance of the role of combustion, he played an essential part in the world’s scientific ideas and inventions. He was so influential that he is said to have an equal if not greater impact in chemistry as Newton did in physics. Because of these accomplishments, he is considered one of France’s and

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    combustion, he played an essential part in the world’s scientific ideas and inventions. He was so influential that he is said to have an equal if not greater impact in chemistry as Newton did in physics (Tiner 90). He used the initial ideas of Joseph Priestley, Henry Cavendish, and Karl Scheele, and worked to prove them and make them more official (Tiner 90). Because of these accomplishments, he is considered one of France’s and the world’s most outstanding scientists (Tiner 91). Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

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    The phlogiston theory states that the every combustible substance contains phlogiston. When a combustible substance is burned, phlogiston is released into the air. The people behind the theory believed that the whenever a substance sets on fire, the fire gives off phlogiston. The phlogiston was believed be the kind of gas which causes fire. Without phlogiston, the combustible substance won’t be able to start fire. In the late 1660’s a scientist named as Johann Joachim Becher tried to explain

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    In the course of time, knowledge has been constantly created and refuted. I disagree with the prescribed title “That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” I define the word “sometimes” as being less than half of the time, as opposed to more often than not. I believe that knowledge is discarded more often than the prescribed title implies, and is only sometimes not discarded. This is apparent in the human and natural sciences since there have been paradigm shifts in

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    Scheele and Oxygen

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    vital element. Carl Wilhelm Scheele, a Swede, made the initial discovery. However, Joseph Priestly, the man generally attributed with the discovery on the basis of his works being published first, discovered it in 1774. Neither of them quite understood it though, and only a French man by the name of Antoine Lavoisier who would be the first to fully understand it and disprove the old “phlogiston� notion (Priestly Joseph 4). Nonetheless, Carl Wilhelm Scheele was still the first to discover oxygen, a

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    Susan Cooper

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    left England to marry an American, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and went "rather nervously" to live in the USA. She wrote two more books for adults: a study of America, Behind the Golden Curtain and a biography of J.B. Priestley, Portrait of An Author. A further novel, the autobiographical Dawn of Fear published in 1970, was written before continuing the Dark Is Rising series. Dawn of Fear is a solitary, looking at the experience of living in war-time Britain through

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    An inspector calls is a play written by J.B Priestley in 1945. However, the play is set in 1912. The main themes of the play are lies, love, guilt, pride, status and responsibility. An inspector calls is a play written by J.B Priestley in 1945. However, the play is set in 1912. The main themes of the play are lies, love, guilt, pride, status and responsibility. This play was set in 1912 because it gave the audience a more dramatic impression of the rapport between the rich and the poor

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    “An Inspector calls” takes place in 1912, where there are great social divisions and distinctions. Written by JB Priestley in 1945 this allows for hindsight which eventually leads to dramatic irony. There are many examples of this, all of which are said by Mr Birling, “Just because the Kaiser makes a speech or two, you’ll hear some people saying that war is inevitable. Well I say to that - fiddlesticks” This play was first published after the second world war and so the audience will know just how

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    Critical Evaluation of a Magazine Advertisement “Living in an age of advertisement, we are perpetually disillusioned.” ~J.B. Priestley sums up the reality of our media today. We are constantly being influenced and affected by advertisements and how we react to them. Advertisements have a great effect on us and how we operate. Advertisements attempt to control what we should wear, how we should look, what we should eat, what we should do, how we should think, and how we should smell. This

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    What is the role and function of the Inspector in An Inspector Calls? An Inspector Calls is a play with lots of political messages as well as social messages. J. B. Priestley believed in socialism and he used large amounts of his plays to try and convince people to his way of thinking. It was written in a time when Britain was ruled by a Labour government and socialist policies were seen to be a good way to go. It was a common way of thinking at that time so Priestley's aim for the play was to

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    An Inspector Calls

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    An Inspector Calls How does Priestley use the character of the Inspector to convey his own opinions and attitudes? An Inspector Calls, set in 1912, is a play with many social and political messages. J. B. Priestley believed a great deal in socialism and believed that many other people needed to be more caring about their community and the people in it. Priestley uses the character of the Inspector to convey his own thoughts, feelings and opinions about social issues. However, he also uses other

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    Who is to Blame for the Death of Eva Smith? Introduction This coursework focuses on how each character contributes to the suicide of a poor girl Eva Smith/Daisy Renton. Part 1 Gerald Croft is a young business man. He has a good steady job, a fiancée, a promising future and is financially stable. In 'An Inspector Calls' Gerald is described as "an attractive chap, about thirty". His father owns a company called 'Crofts Limited' who are friendly rivals of the Arthur Birling's business

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    An Inspector Calls By J.B Priestley An Inspector calls beings with the Birling family celebrating Shelia's engagement to Gerald Croft, Mr Birlings friends son. In the beginning of the play the light is 'pink and intimate' until the unexpected arrival of the Inspector we find the light change symbolises start of an investigation put under the spotlight, being brought out of their own world into reality. The inspectors arrival is unexpected to the family 'some trouble about a warrant' Mr Birlings

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    What is the function of Inspector Goole in J.B.Priestley’s play, An Inspector Calls? An Inspector Calls was written in 1945 by John Boynton Priestley. The play was set in 1912 two years before the first world war so from this their would have been irony as the audience would know. The play is set in a dining room in the Birling’s residence in Brumley, North Midlands which was a fictional industrial city. At the time the play was set the world was a very class conscience place with higher

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    How has watching a production of ‘An Inspector Calls’ by J.B.Priestley enhanced the script and furthered your understanding of the play? Refer to themes and characters in your analysis. ‘An Inspector Calls’ – J.B. Priestley ===================================== Twentieth Century Drama Coursework ---------------------------------- Task: How has watching a production of ‘An Inspector Calls’ by J.B.Priestley enhanced the script and furthered your understanding of the play? Refer to themes

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