Houyhnhnm Essays

  • Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels - Yahoos and Houyhnhnms

    912 Words  | 2 Pages

    What do the Yahoos and the Houyhnhnms stand for? What moral was Swift drawing from them? The answer to the second question depends on the solution of the first. One solution could be that the Yahoos represent man as he actually is, self-seeking, sensual and depraved, while the Houyhnhnms symbolize what man ought to be, unselfish, rational, cultured. In the fourth voyage, Swift presents a case study for opposing states of nature, with the Yahoos representing the argument that man is governed by

  • The Qualities of the Houyhnhnm’s Civilization in Gulliver's Travels

    831 Words  | 2 Pages

    human, however they behave like wild animals. Gulliver is rescued by a couple of horses. The horses are called “Houyhnhnms” are rational creatures which are capable of speech and thought. The horses refer to these human-like creatures as “Yahoos” and treat them as wild animals incapable of reasoning. Gulliver is very surprised how the Houyhnhnms speak to each other, while the Houyhnhnms are equally surprised at the appearance and behavior of Gulliver. The horses lead Gulliver back to their base where

  • Gulliver's Travels: Swift's Opinions Of The English

    953 Words  | 2 Pages

    in the early eighteenth century by Jonathan Swift, a political writer (xvii). Gulliver's Travels is written as Lemuel Gulliver's account of his voyages to the strange lands of Lilliput, Brobdingnag, the kingdom of Laputa, and the land of the Houyhnhnms. Swift's opinions on the English politics of his time are disguised in Gulliver's strange encounters, allowing the reader, rather than Gulliver, to discover them. Gulliver remarks about his encounters in a straight forward way, reporting on the

  • Gullivers Travels

    671 Words  | 2 Pages

    point of view. Gulliver narrates the adventures that take place during his travels. The characters in this story are Lemuel Gulliver, the emperor, the farmer, the farmer’s daughter, the king and queen of Brobdingnag, Lord Munodi, the Yahoos, and the Houyhnhnms. Gulliver is the main character of this story. Gulliver’s Travels begins in Lilliput where he finds himself waking up to his shipwreck. He then finds himself surrounded by numerous tiny people called Lilliputians. He’s addressed by the Lilliputians

  • Gulliver in Gulliver's Travels

    1526 Words  | 4 Pages

    travels with an open-mind about his society and the different cultures that existed in the world. Being away from his people and in a foreign land, Gulliver adopted the way of the Houyhnhnms, who were a nation that were based on simplicity. The Houyhnhnms lacked many of the features that mankind had, and adjusting to the Houyhnhnms’ culture, Gulliver neglected his own. He thought that a simple life would be better than the complex life he was use to, but this theory only led Gulliver to go mad, eventually

  • Literary Response to Gulliver’s Travels

    513 Words  | 2 Pages

    final journey places him in the land of the Houyhnhnm, a civilization of intellectual, sensible horses, and senseless, inferior, and indecent humans. As Swift does throughout the novel, he ties his satire closely with Gulliver’s perceptions of the different world around him in his last adventure; these chapters do not change the method of Swift’s satire. During Gulliver’s experience in the land of Houyhnhnm, he encounters the wise and friendly Houyhnhnms, or horses, which are superior to the Yahoos

  • Satire in Gulliver's Travels Jonathan Swift

    1024 Words  | 3 Pages

    satirizing humanity. The Yahoo brutes that inhabit Houyhnhnm Land are a despicable species that have the physical appearance of humans. Though their behavior seems to be decadent and irrational, Swift shows that most of their behavior have parallels in the life of "civilized" humans. The Houyhnhnms seem to embody virtue and all the perfections that humans seek, but there are inconsistencies in their behavior that are reflective human faults. The Houyhnhnms do not look human in appearance, so Swift uses

  • Comparing Plato's Republic and Gulliver's Travels

    853 Words  | 2 Pages

    This conception of the ideal state is exemplified in Jonathon Swift's Gulliver's Travels, within the society of the Houyhnhnms. Each member of the society maintains a role which he or she was born into, and according to Gulliver the Houyhnhnms are "wise and virtuous" (Swift, 260). These two qualities are most valuable to Plato within the ideal state, and are manifest in Houyhnhnm land. The problems that occur within these "utopias" are the central problems of democracy. The question that

  • Gulliver's Travels: A Journey of Self-Discovery

    1231 Words  | 3 Pages

    and an overall jaded mental state. In part IV of Gulliver's Travels we start to see Gulliver's hatred towards mankind explicitly stated. It is when he comes across the Houyhnhnms, a society completely governed by reason, having no major conflicts, and caring for one another among other things that makes Gulliver worship the Houyhnhnms and start to despise the Yahoo's. His self-identity starts to shift when he tries to explain to the Master how the Yahoo's treat one another. The Master cannot comprehend

  • Gulliver’s Travels and Phaedra – Passion or Reason

    1329 Words  | 3 Pages

    Gulliver’s Travels and Phaedra – Passion or Reason Do you base your decisions on passion or reason? The way one bases his or her decisions affects the quality and happiness of his or her life. Neither passion nor reason should be the sole basis for one's philosophy or lifestyle, because passion without reason is uncontrollable, and reason without passion takes the spark out of life. Works such as Phaedra and Gulliver's Travels show that either extreme will likely result in chaos and unhappiness

  • Summary Of The Story Of Gulliver's Trip To The Houyhnthhnm?

    1568 Words  | 4 Pages

    Based on the account of Gulliver’s visit to the foreign land of the Houyhnhnms, it was quite apparent that his experience consisted of shock and adaptation. From the moment of arrival, he was put into a state of emergency. In his time on the island, Gulliver was introduced to many alien ideas and creatures. In the time he was on the island, he both learned of and tried to shorten the chasm of difference between humans and Houyhnhnms. The greatest lesson he learned included his epiphany with the Yahoos

  • Gulliver's Journey Of His Dream

    639 Words  | 2 Pages

    and deformed animals” (2434). Mr. Gulliver is later met with rational thinking horses called Houyhnhnms that are very interested in who and what Gulliver is. Gulliver is happily invited to the Houyhnhnms house where he learns the customs and language of the Houyhnhnms. Gulliver soon came to realize that he is a yahoo and built a hatred to his kind. Mr. Gulliver learns how to communicate with the Houyhnhnms and finds himself in a place where yahoos are brute creatures, controlled and owned by rational

  • Gullivers Travels

    1319 Words  | 3 Pages

    doesn’t manifest itself completely until Part IV of the book, where the main character, Lemuel Gulliver, finds himself on an island inhabited by two main species – the Houyhnhnms, horse-like animals, and the Yahoos, human-like animals. The difference between this island and reality as we know it is the fact that the Houyhnhnms are intelligent, noble creatures governed wholly by reason, and the Yahoos are naked, dirty humanoids that seem at best, barbaric creatures. The purpose of Part IV is to

  • The Nature of Man in Gulliver's Travels

    758 Words  | 2 Pages

    of the nature of man through Gulliver's behavior. The Yahoos cannot comment on the nature of man, however, they display it in the ways they behave and interact. Lastly, the Houyhnhnms give us some ideas on the nature of man, through their observations of the Yahoo's and Gulliver. Swift creates the personae of the houyhnhnms as ignorant, and therefore open to interpreting Gulliver's stories. Gulliver is created to be knowledgeable of the ways of civilized man. The yahoos, on the contrary, are created

  • Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

    4236 Words  | 9 Pages

    initial encounter with the Yahoos as well as the Houyhnahnms, to his experiences over a 5 year period in his interactions with the Houyhnhnms to his departure and return home to his wife and kids we can clearly see the change from a man (yahoo) to a Houyhnhnm (in spirit). So as we take a closer look at Gulliver's travels, we will see that the Voyage of the Houyhnhnm is about change, understanding, and clarity of oneself, his beliefs, morals and values. From the start of leaving his family to

  • English Society and Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

    1211 Words  | 3 Pages

    Houyhnhnmland. Here Swift has made a clear division of pure reason, embodied in the Houyhnhnms (maybe he was refering to "horse sense"), and raw passion, embodied in the Yahoos (which are "coincidentally" very manlike). Here Gulliver has to make the choice between Houyhnhnms and Yahoos, reason and passion. He initially rejects the Yahoos because of their repulsiveness to him, but at the same time he doesn't embrace the Houyhnhnms either. He still wants to cling in many ways to his English heritage, but his

  • Utopia in Gulliver Travels and Paradise Lost

    2454 Words  | 5 Pages

    For Swift this land is an island inhabited by horse like creatures called Houyhnhnms who rule over man like beasts called Yahoos. For Milton, the Garden of Eden before the Fall of man represents Paradise. In it, Adam and Eve are pure and innocent, untested and faithful to God. The American Heritage Dictionary defines utopia as "an ideally perfect place, especially in its social, political, and moral aspects." And while Houyhnhnm Land and the Garden of Eden may seem like ideally perfect places, they

  • A World of Differences

    560 Words  | 2 Pages

    that without experiencing different cultures, one cannot have a broad perspective of the world, such as when he meets the miniature people of Lilliput, when he becomes dependent among the giants of Brobdingnag, and when he encounters a society of Houyhnhnms that finds his kind repulsive. Gulliver originally takes for granted what the Lilliputians do not have, like his great size and physical ability. Conversely, he also finds that even someone such as him who was of great power in Lilliput can be rendered

  • Free College Essays - The Hidden Meaning of Gulliver's Travels

    538 Words  | 2 Pages

    with the Yahoos (see close commentary), and Gulliver decides to abandon Yahooism forever. But, he is then immediately banished from the island by the Houyhnhnm assembly. This poses an interesting question (see close commentary). What is Swift's final message then about man or his future? The fact that Gulliver is unable to stay with the Houyhnhnms or adhere to their principles after leaving the island, does not mean to me that man is doomed. I think Swift is saying that man will always be Yahoo

  • Finding Wisdom in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

    987 Words  | 2 Pages

    sees a new side of mankind that makes him pity the state of his kind, while allowing him to see the light and become a better individual himself. So as Gulliver progresses from Lilliput, to Brobdingnag, to Laputa, and finally to the Land of the Houyhnhnms, he learns different facets of the human character that depress him somewhat but cause him to emerge as a stronger person. On his first voyage, Gulliver learns the corruption and pettiness of humans and how these emotions can lead to distress.