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    dissent in Plessy v Ferguson, Justice John Harlan wrote that the law was "color blind." This phrase has taken on a meaning of its own and has been debated among critics of affirmative action programs beginning in the 60s. The question whether the government should be able to use racial categories when it is beneficial, and not discriminatory to minorities who have a history of being discriminated against. The Supreme Court first looked into this question, in the case of Bakke v. Regents, University

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    Introduction Known as one of the biggest obstacles in higher education to date would arguably be the use of affirmative action within the higher education admission process for both private and public institutions (Kaplin & Lee, 2014; Wang & Shulruf, 2012). The focus of current research is an attempt to either justify or deny the use of affirmative action within current practices through various higher education institutions, and though any one person could potentially be swayed to side with the

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    The Ineffectiveness of Affirmative Action in Establishing Diversity People generally agree that diversity is beneficial to college campuses. In 1978, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, the Supreme Court decided that race could be used as a factor in deciding college admissions - setting a precedent for the use of affirmative action (Lane A1). Justice Lewis Powell, who belonged to the majority opinion, cited diversity as the primary reason behind his decision. He acknowledged

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    An example of it is the 1978 case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. The instance that led to a legal battle was the fact that a student of Caucasian descent was rejected twice from the UC Davis School of Medicine in spite of having better test scores than many students that were admitted. Twenty-four years later, Hopwood v. Texas occurred, where four white students were denied admission to University of Texas Law School over students that were not as qualified a... ... middle of

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    Affirmative Action is Reverse Discrimination When the Civil Rights Bill was being debated on the floor of the Senate, Barry Goldwater predicted that this particular bill might be abused. Herbert Humphrey, however, stated that he would eat every page of the bill if ever it were used to justify discrimination against anybody on account of race or sex. The bill eventually passed and became the Civil Rights Act. From college admissions to government contracts, the Civil Rights Act has been grossly

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    Faults of Standardized Tests

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    international students yearly, it is important to recall that international students are effected by the SAT as well. Works Cited The Rise and Fall of National Test Scores edited by Gilbert R. Austin & Herbert Garber http://www.utep.edu/civiced/Hopwood/hopwoodv.html What Causes the Test-Score Gap in Higher Education, by Zwick, Rebecca, http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=4193156&db=aph www.fairtest.org/facts/bias.html http://www.fairtest.org/pr/BrightFut8-02.html http://www.ets.org/fairness/index

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    Impact of Diversity on Public Policies

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    and movements such as Brown v. Board of Education, Hernandez v. Texas (1954), Chicano and the Civil Rights Movement in which minorities were trying to bring equal rights upon the minorities took place. Other policies include the on-still healthcare debate dealing with Obamacare and providing sufficient aid to those that need it while still encouraging them to feed for themselves and the issues dealing with gay marriage and abortion. Although the court ruling of Roe v. Wade has taken place, it did

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    The Negative Consequences of Affirmative Action For the past thirty years, affirmative action has been an integral part of the admissions policy at the University of California. However, successful challenges in the U. S. Court system have recently scrutinized the morality and legality of affirmative action practices. As a result, many institutions of higher learning are revising their present policies. One such change was recently initiated at the University of California when the Board of

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    Affirmative Action

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    Affirmative action is defined as compensatory treatment for previously disadvantaged groups. One keyword we must understand to get a better feeling of what affirmative action really is would be compensatory. Defined in the dictionary compensatory is of payment, intended to recompense someone who has experienced loss, suffering, or injury. We must also understand discrimination; discrimination is the intentional exclusion of a person or a group of people because of their race or culture. Affirmative

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    The Importance of Affirmative Action in America Affirmative action is a much debated topic based on the efforts of our government to overcome prejudicial treatment through inclusion. Affirmative action is a way of helping minorities in our country get jobs and avoid racial injustice. Many large companies have increased their employment of minorities after adopting these policies (Plous). Despite the efforts of affirmative action today, women still only earn 76 cents for every dollar earned

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