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    Herbert Spencer

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    Herbert Spencer The most extreme reflection of nineteenth-century individualism is to be found in the encyclopedic system of Herbert Spencer (1820-1903). Both his paternal and maternal ancestors were of a long English and French nonconformists, dissenters and rebels, and Spencer traces in his "Autobiography" his "conspicuous disregard" of political, religious, and social authority to the tradition of independence and dissent so long cherished by his family. Spencer’s education

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    for application of biological concepts of Charles Darwin to sociology and political science. The goal of this paper is to introduce two most known social Darwinists – Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner. Herbert Spencer is sometimes named as the founder of social Darwinism. However, labeling him as such is problematic. Spencer came with his concepts and with the term “survival of the fittest” before he got to know Darwin’s. His ideas are based on the theory of Lamarckian inheritance by French

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    Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, revolutionized biology with his theory of evolution through the process of natural selection. Herbert Spencer was the major philosopher of biological and social evolution. Spencer's work significantly influenced 19th century developments in biology, psychology, sociology and anthropology. While Darwin was influential in the fields of natural history and geology, his theory of evolution created great controversy. He changed the way people thought about the

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    Herbert Spencer

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    Although Spencer coined the phrase “survival of the fittest” several years before Darwin, he accepted Darwin’s argument that the process of natural selection as it happens in the biological world. Spencer argues that the same process occurs in the social world and he looked at society from the same perspective, agreeing that as plants and animals adapt progressively and positively to their social environment, so do social institutions. He argues that if there are no impediments or interruptions

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    Herbert Spencer's Lasting Influence

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    Herbert Spencer was an influential sociologist, biologist, philosopher and economist during the Victoria era. Although his work was eventually well respected and influential in the intellectual community, it took years for him to evolve and polish his philosophies. At the beginning of his writing career his theories were quite radical and considered rather extreme. Eventually, as he matured and continued to study and meet other influential men of this period, his material shifted to less extreme

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    On the Origin of Species

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    Darwin’s preference, Herbert Spencer did exactly what Darwin hoped to avoid by publishing numerous works supporting his own, new thesis of “Social Darwinism,” which claimed that Darwin’s principles of evolution directly applied to the formation of human societies. Although Spencer’s application of Darwinian evolutionary ideas was specifically not what Darwin intended, it was an unavoidable consequence of the nature of Darwin’s discoveries paired with the unique upbringing of Spencer. Although there was

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    nature be so kind? In Jack London’s stories “Law of Life” and “To Build a Fire”, London argues that nature as a force that doesn’t care about the laws that humanity has built. He writes nature so that it uses Charles Darwin’s natural selection and Herbert Spencer’s “survival

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    during the 19th century. Social Darwinism, by definition, is the principle that "the survival of the fittest" applies to human ethics and politics just as it does to biological evolution. (1) The theory of Social Darwinism was introduced by Herbert Spencer. The theory was then used by White Protestants, men, and others to proliferate the idea that they were socially superior. However, the context in which this paper will discuss the theory of Social Darwinism is economic. Laissez Faire Capitalism

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    William Graham Sumner – Social Darwinist

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    William Graham Sumner – Social Darwinist Sumner was the follower of Darwin’s ideas and Herbert Spencer’s, Social Darwinism. He is considered to be vigorous and influential social Darwinist in America. He was a professor at Yale College. He developed the concepts of Folkways, diffusion, and ethnocentrism. He is not as big as Spencer but his ideas were bold enough to be recognized. He played three important roles in the development of American thought, he was a great Puritan preacher, an exponent

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    She became one of the butts for youth to laugh at, the convenient symbol of a group of serious people who were all guilty of the same idolatry and could be dismissed with the same scorn. Lord Acton had said that she was greater than Dante; Herbert Spencer exempted her novels, as if they were not novels, when he banned all fiction from the London Library. She was the pride and paragon of her sex. Moreover, her private record was not more alluring than her public. Asked to describe an afternoon

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