Hamartia Essays

  • Hamartia in Oedipus the King

    974 Words  | 2 Pages

    Hamartia in Oedipus the King According to Aristotle, the tragic hero is impeded by a distinguishable characteristic or character trait which leads to his ultimate demise. This trait is known as hamartia, or the "tragic flaw." This characteristic is said to not only lead to the hero's demise but may also enable the reader to sympathize with the character. So it follows that in Oedipus the King, a Greek tragedy, the tragic hero Oedipus should have some sort of flaw. However, after close examination

  • The Role of Hamartia in Oedipus the King

    1668 Words  | 4 Pages

    The Role of Hamartia in Oedipus the King Literary tragedy has roots that extend two and a half millennia into the past, but throughout this history the genre's defining characteristics have remained the same. At the very core of tragedy lies an uncertainty over the cause of the tragic predicament. The leading candidate for an explanation of this cause often comes under the name of hamartia, a Greek word that translates into "a defect in character", "an error" or "a mistake." However, the most

  • Othello as Victim of Hamartia

    2052 Words  | 5 Pages

    Othello as Victim of Hamartia By definition, a tragedy is a story that details the downfall of a protagonist. Most often, the protagonist (tragic hero) is a member of high society who is faced with an oppositional force, be it internal or external. In his Poetics, Aristotle states that "tragedy is the imitation of an action; and an action implies personal agents, who necessarily possess certain distinctive qualities both of character and thought; for it is by these that we qualify actions themselves

  • Aristotle On Tragedy

    1035 Words  | 3 Pages

    misfortune, but rather through some flaw [hamartia]". The character should be famous or prosperous, like Oedipus or Medea. What Aristotle meant by hamartia cannot be established. In each play we read you should particularly consider the following possibilities. (1) A hamartia may be simply an intellectual mistake or an error in judgement. For example when a character has the facts wrong or doesn't know when to stop trying to get dangerous information. (2) Hamartia may be a moral weakness, especially hubris

  • Macbeth Tragic Hero Essay

    1094 Words  | 3 Pages

    greatness.  Macbeth is known to be noble, yet he falters and ultimately falls prey to his conscience.  As a result, Macbeth is the tragic hero of this play because he makes a fatal mistake, he endures great suffering, and he possesses a destructive hamartia. As aforementioned Macbeth's first characteristic of the tragic hero is that he makes a fatal mistake. Macbeth's fatal mistake is that he listens to others too much and he is particularly credulous as to what they say.  Macbeth

  • Paul Walker Tragic Hero Analysis

    925 Words  | 2 Pages

    our play are hamartia, hubris, and catharsis. A tragic hero is a character who makes an error in judgment which ultimately leads to his or her downfall. Hamartia is the tragic flaw or error of judgment which

  • Macbeth as the Aristotelian Tragic Hero

    1104 Words  | 3 Pages

    must have a flaw in his character that will prove fatal to his life or status.  This flaw is called Hamartia.  Macbeth's hamartia is that he is ambitious.  It is obvious that he has thought about being king before the predictions of the three witches.  "if chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me without my stir".  This quote evidences this fact.  The best piece of evidence of Macbeth's hamartia is his line.  "I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition which

  • The Disastrous Attributes of Shakespeare's Macbeth

    947 Words  | 2 Pages

    character decides his downfall.  The argument for fate is strongly led by the actions of others, with Lady Macbeth being the prime influence on Macbeth. While the opposition is led by Macbeth^s troubled conscience, his own internal conflict and his hamartia.  It is clearly visible that Macbeth^s own character is at fault for his tragic downfall.  It is the opinion of many, that Macbeth is a victim of fate.  These critics state that Macbeth is heavily influenced by his overpowering wife, Lady Macbeth

  • Revenge and Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet - Why Revenge?

    1049 Words  | 3 Pages

    William Shakespeare's Hamlet fully satisfies each of these traits, making it an excellent example of a revenge tragedy. Certainly, the most critical theme in the play by far is that of revenge; it fuels the plot and story of Hamlet, reveals the hamartia of the protagonist, and is used successfully to develop some of the main characters. Anne Barton says, "As a structural and thematic center for tragedy, revenge has much to recommend it," (Barton 11) and that, "For most Elizabethan dramatists

  • Creon from Antigone

    618 Words  | 2 Pages

    to as the Hubris. It is usually a false sense of pride and/or confidence in one’s intelligence. One can determine this Hubris because it is usually the part of the story when the tragic hero’s tragic flaw blooms the greatest. This tragic flaw, or Hamartia, is a fatal flaw or error in judgment. It triggers a sequence of events that lead to the downfall of the tragic hero. The general trend in plays frequently concludes with the death of the tragic hero. However, prior to death, the tragic hero experiences

  • Julius Caesar - Tragic Hero

    1026 Words  | 3 Pages

    easily happen to any other person. Julius Caesar fits the role of a tragic hero. Julius Caesar is a high standing senator that possesses hamartia, failings of human nature. Julius Caesar’s imperfections may be seen in three distinct aspects of Caesar, such as the following: his pride, his vacillation, and his ambition. 	Julius Caesar has much pride, a hamartia, which brings him to not be wary of the conspiracy. Caesar is given much warning on the threat of his life, yet due to his pride he thinks

  • Othello's Hamartia

    746 Words  | 2 Pages

    Poetics. Hamartia or a tragic flaw that is also present in Othello. Shakespeare’s Othello incorporates a fatal flaw within Othello due to his jealousy that drives him into his own demise. Throught the play the sociological critique exemplify the diffrences between Othello Aristotle demonstrates hamartia and tragedy go together. When there is a flaw in a character there is also a tragedy waiting to happen and in Othello by Shakespeare, Iago was in charge of bringing out Othello’s hamartia and Othello

  • Maximus As A Tragic Hero

    737 Words  | 2 Pages

    tragedies and what has to be involved in the characteristics of a tragic hero. There were five non-negotiable traits that to be in a part of the tragic hero. 1.)They had to either be of noble or royal birth or had to have wisdom. 2.)They had to have hamartia which is a tragic or fatal flaw. Most tragic heroes died, few rarely survived. 3.)They must have a reversal of fortune brought about the heroes main error which causes them to die. 4.) The hero has to have anagnorisis or an epiphany, which is when

  • How Is Macbeth A Tragic Hero

    617 Words  | 2 Pages

    raised by its character’s fatal flaw and the audience must feel pity or fear for this character. While there is less pity or fear for Macbeth, Macbeth still is a character who portrays a tragic hero through his nobility, high status position, his hamartia, and error in judgment. In Macbeth, Macbeth was a brave and strong nobleman. He was the leader of King Duncan’s army, and his actions as the general won him the battle and is described by a captain. “Brave Macbeth, laughing at luck, chopped his

  • Oedipus Tragic Hero Essay

    1344 Words  | 3 Pages

    their position and role in the play. Due to the fact that Willy Loman and Oedipus experience tragic flaws throughout their respected plays, they both have nobility, and they both realize the fact (anagnorisis) that they made an error in their life (hamartia). Through their fatal mis-steps, their pride and ego, predominately affect their familial lives, which in turn causes them to realize the truth that they are tragic heroes. The noble characters, Oedipus and Willy rely on things of substantial value

  • The Tragic Hero: Oedipus And The Tragic Hero

    1208 Words  | 3 Pages

    Oedipus the Tragic Hero Arthur Miller alters Aristotle 's definition of the tragic hero and tragedy; Miller suggests that the common man is capable of experiencing the tragedy of a king because they experience "similar emotional situations"(148). Miller points out that the tragic feeling is induced when the character gives up everything to try to guard his personal dignity. The character is flawed but not too faulty in order to be relatable to the common man. However, the character flaw that causes

  • The Tragic Hero of The Crucible by Arthur Miller

    1393 Words  | 3 Pages

    man in the tragic hero. The protagonist John Proctor portrays a tragic hero in The Crucible; his hamartia of adultery causes great internal struggles, he displays hubris by challenging authority, and he encounters catastrophe through recognition and reversal. John Proctor's decision to betray his wife causes internal struggles and ultimately leads to his catastrophe at the end of the drama. Hamartia is the primary error of the tragic hero which provokes part of his misfortune. Proctor's serious

  • Tragedy in Sophocles' Oedipus The King and Antigone

    1405 Words  | 3 Pages

    but rather a result of the characteristics that the characters possessed. The characters posses a multitude of traits, some of them common to all of them.  Pride is especially prevalent.  This characteristic seems to be the major tragic flaw or hamartia that eventually causes the downfall.  Oedipus exhibits a vast amount of pride, which seems to border on sheer arrogance.  This is demonstrated in the beginning of the play where he states, "I, Oedipus, whose name is known afar."(p. 25).  This is

  • Characteristics Of Creon

    711 Words  | 2 Pages

    who else it will affect by putting Antigone to death, nor does he understand that he in turn paved the road to his own downfall. Aristotle has specific traits that define a tragic hero; the main traits that make Creon a tragic hero are peripety, hamartia,

  • Tragic Hero

    918 Words  | 2 Pages

    it to the only place it can possibly lead in our time, the heart and spirit of the average man.” (Miller 1692). Willy Loman is a generous and a tragic character. Also he was able to combine most of the Aristotle’s philosophy about tragedy such as hamartia, the tragic flaw that will eventually lead to his downfall, secondly, peripeteia ; a reversal of prosperity brought about by the hero’s tragic flaw. The audience must feel the fear of this and the pity for this character. Despite all of Willy's secrets