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    Taking a Look at Kidneys

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    branch of the renal artery that has become partitioned to form a tiny afferent vessel. This afferent vessel runs to a microscopic ball of capillaries known as the glomerulus. The glomerulus fits inside a structure known as the Bowmans capsule at one end of the nephron tubule, relatively just as a fist fits into a cupped hand. From the glomerulus leaves an efferent blood vessel that directs to a network of capillaries that are closely l... ... middle of paper ... ...specific waste products in the body

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    Kidney Function

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    Kidney Function Introduction and definition of terms: The kidneys are the main organs in the urinary system. They filter waste products out of blood from the renal artery. These are then excreted. Useful solutes are reabsorbed into the blood. They also have a major homeostatic role in the body, and help to control the water content (osmoregulation) and pH of the blood. Homeostasis is the maintenance of a constant internal environment within a living organism. Excretion is the removal

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    step that occurs in the kidney deals with the nephron, which is the functional unit of the kidney. In the glomerulus the formation of urine begins with the passive filtration of plasma through the pores that are found in the glomerulus. The plasma is forced through these pores by hydrostatic pressure. The only things that determines if a molecule will pass through the pores of the glomerulus is it's molecular weight. The lower the molecular weight, the easier it will pass through the pores. Another

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    Homeostasis

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    Homeostasis Homeostasis is defined as the maintenance of a constant internal environment. This is very important for organisms because: · Chemical reactions can take place at predictable rates. · Mechanisms are more efficient as optimum conditions can be maintained for enzymes, etc. · Organisms can acquire a degree of independence from the environment. They need not be limited to one geological location where the conditions fit their needs, but can spread out. Their activity is also

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    Ethyl Alcohol Essay

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    both at a macroscopically and microscopically level leading to many different health problems in alcoholic. Furthermore, it can be noticed that usually microscopic problems are usually connected to macroscopic changes that occur in the tubules and glomerulus of the kidneys (nephron region).

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    Hypertension Essay

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    Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) closely parallel the obesity and insulin resistance epidemic. Current U.S. estimates project 70 million obese adults and an additional 70 million with hypertension and/or type II diabetes (28, 42, 45). More so, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), suggest a graded and continuous relationship exists between prevalent hypertension and increasing body mass index (BMI); a metric that is closely associated

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    Thermoregulation is the control of the body’s temperature. The body aims to maintain the body’s temperature at 37 °C. The control centre of maintaining our body temperature is the Hypothalamus in the brain. The hypothalamus is responsible for the key mechanisms to control our body’s temperature and also consists of the body’s temperature sensors. The nervous system uses our nerves and controls every part of our body through the vast amount of nerves. Sensory receptors are located throughout our body

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    From the results of the numerous tests carried out according to the patient history of frothy urine with a significant oedema over a maximum period of 5 days, the patient was diagnosed with Nephrotic Syndrome. This is condition that occurs due to leakage in the kidney filtration part leading to a large amount of protein leaking from the blood into the urine. This is mainly due to fluid retention known as oedema which is as a result of low protein level in the blood. It occurs due to abnormal functioning

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    Delayed graft function (DGF) is a common post renal transplant complication occurring in 38% of recipients. There are no available or known investigation that can predict which recipient will develop DGF. NO is essential to the kidney milieu, involved in renal patho-physiology and plays a role in process of renal transplantation, acute and chronic rejection. One of the known physiological functions of NO is vasodilatation with a significant effect on the haemodynamics of the kidneys. It plays

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    Introduction The sense of smell is what informs an organism of the chemical composition of their surrounding environment. The sense of smell is called olfaction and in humans, it is less developed than in most other mammals. The olfactory system contains epithelial cells that are unique because they are capable of regeneration, unlike most other neurons. The receptors for both taste and smell are called chemoreceptors. They are termed chemoreceptors because they respond to chemicals that are in

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