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    Fundamentalism and Religion For a vast majority, the term “fundamentalism” evokes images of hostage crises, embassies under siege, hijackings, and suicide bombers. But these images hardly present a comprehensive picture. People in the west associate fundamentalism with Islam, this is indeed a mistaken belief. Fundamentalism is defined as " the affirmation of religious authority as holistic and absolute, admitting of neither criticism nor reduction; it is expressed through the collective

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    Muslim Fundamentalism

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    The term "fundamentalism" came into existence at the Niagara Falls Bible Conference which was convened to define those things that were fundamental to belief. The term was also used to describe "The Fundamentals", a collection of twelve books on five subjects published in 1910 by Milton and Lyman Steward. Fundamentalism as a movement arose in the United States starting among conservative Presbyterian academics and theologians at Princeton Theological Seminary in the first decade of the Twentieth

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    1 Proposed title Is anti–fundamentalism the fundamentalism of the anti-fundamentalists? 2 Background This study is, in the first place, not a study about the object of fundamentalism, the fundamentalist, but rather about the subject, the anti-fundamentalist – about the accuser rather than the accused, about the prosecution not the defence. I use the word ‘anti-fundamentalist’ instead of ‘non-fundamentalist’’ to make a distinction between those who publically oppose fundamentalists and those

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    American Fundamentalism

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    Fundamentalism and American Culture by George Marsden provoked new insights and challenged existing assumptions of fundamentalism within America. Through Marsden’s critical analysis of fundamentalist roots which assess the contextual religious, social, and intellectual developments within early American culture, one can see a complex movement that has deeply ingrained itself within the overall American fiber. Due the movement’s perspicacious leadership which challenged American social norms through

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    Exploring the Meaning of Fundamentalism At the beginning of the semester, I wrote that my understanding of fundamentalism was simple as follows: the basics behind something whether it be language, concept, or religion. Throughout the semester the readings, movies, and discussions

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    The Failings of Fundamentalism

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    Fundamentalism is an espresso shot of Christianity—strong, bitter, and undiluted. Fundamentalists believe the Bible should be interpreted as literal fact, not metaphorically. To them, it is God’s direct word to humanity and the ultimate earthly authority. And so fundamentalists follow the Bible with unwavering certainty, as if it were God himself, and press their interpretation of the book upon society. But the certainty at fundamentalism’s core is unwarranted, leading them to wrongfully ignore

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    Characteristics of Religious Fundamentalism Donald Taylor defines Fundamentalism as involving a group of people who perceive a challenge an ultimate authority, usually God, in which they believe, they decide the challenge cannot be tolerated and reaffirm their belief in the authority and oppose the challengers, often using political means o further their cause. One characteristic of religious Fundamentalism is that most Fundamentalist groups have a charismatic, authoritarian leader.

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    Fundamentalism can be widely defined as the utmost strict obedience towards distinct religious policies and guidelines which is usually understood as a reaction against Modernist Theology. It is also known to be associated with a forceful attack on outside threats to their own religious culture and beliefs. (George M. Marsden. 1980.) Fundamentalism first began as a movement in the United States in the late 19th century, early 20th century. It originally started within American Protestantism as a

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    Globalization and Islamic Fundamentalism

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    the issue of Islamic fundamentalism and its extreme manifestation - terrorism. In my paper I argue that in its essence Islamic fundamentalism is a negation of the values, upheld by globalization, democracy, true Islam and modernity. There are several interconnected focal factors that render Islamic extremism incompatible with modern trends of development. The first and basic factor, always in the context of the history of Islam, is the theoretical foundation of fundamentalism. Also, another important

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    Sunny and Shia Fundamentalism

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    Fundamentalism in its most basic definition refers to the attempt to return to the basic ideals and principles of a specific tradition. Therefore, a fundamentalist is a person who believes that it is crucial and necessary to return and adhere to their tradition’s fundamentals because something specific, usually another tradition, is challenging the fundamentals of that person’s tradition. “By and large, fundamentalism was a response to the loss of influence traditional revivalism experienced in America

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