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    John Searle’s Chinese room argument from his work “Minds, Brains, and Programs” was a thought experiment against the premises of strong Artificial Intelligence (AI). The premises of conclude that something is of the strong AI nature if it can understand and it can explain how human understanding works. I will argue that the Chinese room argument successfully disproves the conclusion of strong AI, however, it does not provide an explanation of what understanding is which becomes problematic when

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    The Turing Test: An Overview In this essay, I describe in detail a hypothetical test contemporarily known as the Turing test along with it’s respective objective. In addition, I examine a distinguished objection to the test, and Turing’s consequential response to it. Created by English mathematician Alan Turing, the Turing test (formerly known as the imitation game) is a behavioral approach that assesses a system’s ability to think. In doing so, it can determine whether or not that system is intelligent

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    analysis of the practice of design. One of these design theories is functionalism and it focuses on the function of a building or space followed by the form of said space. Functionalism attempts to have necessary aspects satisfied first to then be naturally followed by architectural beauty. Main Points The main point behind functionalism is that form follows function. An example of how form follows function in functionalism would be all automotive vehicles. All vehicles are made to get people

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    In this paper I will explain and argue for functionalism. Functionalism is another form of mind-body physicalism, it accepts that many of our mental concepts are defined partly in terms of behavior and stimuli. What caused the rise of functionalism is the multiple realization theory. This theory objects to the identity theory because humans are able to feel pain due to a stimulus response in the ACC. Other animals and organisms are able to also feel pain because pain in their brains can be detected

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    Functionalism and Marxism

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    In the history of anthropology and sociology, there have been many different social theories. Often these theories are influential for a period of time and then lose popularity once a new, more seductive theory is established. Marxism and functionalism are two examples of social theories that made a grand impact on the anthropological and sociological fields, but have since faded from the forefront. Marxism was established by Karl Marx in the mid-1800s and was later adopted by other theorists

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    Fodor's Functionalism

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    Fodor's Functionalism Fodor begins his article on the mind-body problem with a review of the current theories of dualism and materialism. According to dualism, the mind and body are two separate entities with the body being physical and the mind being nonphysical. If this is the case, though, then there can be no interaction between the two. The mind could not influence anything physical without violating the laws of physics. The materialist theory, on the other hand, states that the mind is not

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    Structural Functionalism

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    Structural Functionalism is a sociological theory that attempts to explain why society functions the way it does by focusing on the relationships between various social institutions that make up society. Societies and social units work together toward the natural working of the system. Societies and social units are, or can be, distinct but adapt to each other. If one or more of the parts conflict with each other, the others must adapt. Key assumptions in structural functionalism are that societies

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    Can Computers Think?

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    Over several years, the improvement in technology has increased significantly.. Many people constantly ask what is the new and best technology but who is the one to make the final decision. Consumers are demanding for more but wanting less at the same time. “Companies are downsizing because technology now does a job that a person once did”(Oren, 2004). But is it appropriate to say that a human can be replaced by a computer? I believe that not all humans will be replaced by a computer, but I do think

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    John Searle is an American philosopher who is best known for his thought experiment on The Chinese Room Argument. This argument is used in order to show that computers cannot process what they comprehend and that what computers do does not explain human understanding. The question of “Do computers have the ability to think?” is a very conflicting argument that causes a lot of debate between philosophers in the study of Artificial Intelligence—a belief that machines can imitate human performance—

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    William Lycan's response as a functionalist seems to be one of the most interesting responses to Searle's paper.   However, it also appears to be one of the most empty.  Lycan's reaction as a functionalist appears to be very similar to the systems reply.  In response to Searle's paper, both the systems reply and Lycan's functionalist response claim that while the individual person locked in the room does not understand the story, the system as a whole does understand the story.  Lycan basically writes

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