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    Ergot

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    Ergot Ergot (Claviceps purpurea Tul.) is a poisonous fungus that is hazardous to animals and humans. It appears to be a small, hard, black, elongated structure that grows on and contaminants grains, which is called scelrotium. The appearance tends to look like mold. When eaten in quantity or small amounts over a period of time it can be highly toxic. Furthermore, it is a major problem for humans in North America but even more severe for animals. Humans are susceptible to being contaminated with

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    known events in history. Ergot poisoning, also known as ergotism, is caused by the fungus Claviceps Purpurea, which events rye, wheat and other cereal grasses (The Witches Curse 1). Ergot contains an alkaloid lysergic acid, from which the hallucinogenic drug LSD is obtained (Star-News 3). For years people have been trying to prove that ergotism has been the cause of the happenings. Around the world ergotism has been causing mass hysteria in small towns and making the fear of ergot stronger and more believable

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    LSD

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    25, now known as L.S.D., in a professional laboratory. In Lee's book Acid Dreams, he tells of how Hoffman stumbled upon LSD while investigating chemical and pharmacological properties of ergot. Ergot is a rye fungus rich in medicinal alkaloids (7). While Hoffman was searching for a circulatory stimulant from ergot derivatives he stumbled upon LSD during his twenty-fifth experiment. Thus, the notion of lysergic acid diethylamide-25. Since its arrival in the drug market, LSD and other hallucinogens

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    Lsd

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    a hallucinogenic drug that is very dangerous, despite popular belief. LSD stands for Lysergic Acid Diethylamide. Lysergic acid is extracted from the fungus Ergot, and then left to crystallize until it is pure. It was first accidentally discovered by Albert Hoffman in 1938 in Switzerland, who was searching for possible therapeutic uses of Ergot. Hoffman continued his experiments, but never came in contact with the crystals until1943. (LSD can be absorbed through the skin.) Hoffman then sent LSD around

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    Plants and Superstitions

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    learning about out world. Like in the case of the Salem Witch trials "When minds are poisoned by the ignorance of superstitions, terrible things happen" (see Internet Source). Bibliography Bennett, J.W. 1999. Pride and Prejudice: The story of ergot. Perspective in Biology and Medicine 42 (3): 333-355. Spanos, Nicholas P. 1983. Ergotism and the Salem witch panic: a critical analysis and an alternative conceptualization. Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences 19 (4): 358-369. Starkey

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    Hallucinogens: a general group of pharmacological agents that can be divided into three broad categories: psychedelics, dissociatives, and deliriants. Hallucinogenic drugs have played a role in civilization for thousands of year. It began with naturally occurring hallucinogens, such as the peyote cactus plant and wild mushrooms. Now there are man made drugs that have the same or more intense affects. These include lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), MDMA (ecstasy), and dextromethorphan (DMX, often

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    The Horrors of the Salem Witch Trials

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    who were viewed as witches were acting out of boredom certainly seems possible. However, a stronger position is that of unintentional ergot poisoning. Linnda Caporael is a behavioral scientist and full professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York. As a student, she had taken a histo... ... middle of paper ... ...abama: Alabama Heritage. Ergot of Rye-I: Introduction and History. Retrieved Feburary 2014, from Department of Botany: University of Hawaii at Manoa: http://www.botany

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    recorded hallucination was a tossup between mental issues that were then used for a political push or the ergotamine during the Salem witch trails in 1962, far after that Albert Hofmann became the creator of LSD from ergotamine a chemical from the fungus ergot, in Switzerland 1938. From that time LSD has played a part in history, studies have shown that much has changed in the half-century since LSD was first used by psychiatrists and then found widespread recreational use in the 1960's and 70's. Modern

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    Massachusetts in 1692.Many historians, who have wonder what caused the mass hysteria, have studied the horrid event. Some have concluded that a fungus, named Ergot, was ingested by the girls at the heart of it all and it caused them to experience symptoms that were commonly associated with witchcraft during the time (Woolf). A chemical in Ergot, known as Ergotamine, is an active chemical ingredient in the psychedelic drug known as Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) which is also known as simply Acid

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    psychedelic, first synthesized from lysergic acid in Switzerland in l038. Lysergic acid is a white odorless drug, a component of the mold of ERGOT. Ergot is a product of the fungus Claviceps purpurea. Th e bio-active ingredients of ergot are all derivatives of lysergic acid. LSD is a semi-synthetic derivative of lysergic acid. Thus LSD is an "ergot" - like substance. The drug evokes dreamlike changes in mood and thought and alters the perception of time and space. It can also create a

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