Epidemiological Essays

  • The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status

    2494 Words  | 5 Pages

    is an identifiable risk, HIV-infected physicians have an ethical obligation either to withdraw from the case or to inform the patient of the condition" (Baillie, p. 128). Mandatory HIV testing may provide epidemiological data. Mandatory HIV testing may provide reliable epidemiological data. In order to plan rationally for the incidence of disease, it is necessary to know the extent of the problem. Research may provide information about the effectiveness of drugs, the demographics of the disease

  • Epidemiology Essay

    1928 Words  | 4 Pages

    of diseases and ways of prevention. It can, using statistical methods such as large-scale population studies, prove or disprove treatment hypotheses. Another major use of epidemiology is to identify risk factors for diseases. Epidemiological studies generally focus on large groups of people and relate to a target population that can be identified. This allows statistics to be used to recognize trends and possible causal factors.

  • Chronic Bladder Disorder

    2508 Words  | 6 Pages

    this condition since the first written reference to interstitial cystitis was made in 1836. More than a century later, there are still few clear answers to what causes this multifaceted disease or how to treat it effectively. According to epidemiological studies conducted in 1997, the disease typically afflicts white, educated women in their early to mid-40s. The spectrum of symptom severity, however, can vary from person to person. Some people experience the urge to urinate (up to 70 times per

  • Cervical Cancer

    2861 Words  | 6 Pages

    vaccine that would protect against the human papillomavirus. HPV’s role in generating cervical cancer was discovered in 1983. The WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), located in Lyon, France, has been in the forefront in epidemiological and laboratory studies needed to comprehend the disease. The IARC have chosen different methods, but the origins of most of them are based on genetically engineered Virus Like Particles (VLPs), composed of the outer structural proteins of HPV

  • Genetic Factors and Criminal Behavior

    701 Words  | 2 Pages

    Genetic Factors is Deterministic.” This myth is also easily dismissed because of the fact that just because someone has a predisposition to a certain behavior doesn’t mean that the person will take on that behavior. They also look at Genetic Epidemiological Studies. These three studies deal with twins in relation to th...

  • Epidemiological Transition

    647 Words  | 2 Pages

    The epidemiological transition is the shift from infectious- to chronic-disease causes of mortality that, as Friedan (2015) points out, has occurred all over the world, but particularly in wealthier nations, due to advances in public health and medicine. While the demographic transition can complement the epidemiological transition, it is not the same because it shows an interplay of birth and death rates influencing population growth (Macinko, 2016). Furthermore, unlike the epidemiological transition

  • Epidemiological Triangle

    584 Words  | 2 Pages

    In this paper, I will discuss the epidemiological triangle, the protozoan Giardia, and the helminths Loiasis. The Epidemiologic Triangle is a traditional model developed by scientist to study infectious diseases (CDC 2018). The triangle has three vertices that consist of an agent, a host, and an environment. Giardia is microscopic parasite that causes a diarrhea illness known as giardiasis (CDC 2015). Giardia is the most common cause of parasitic gastrointestinal disease. Using the epidemiologic

  • Descriptive Epidemiological Review Paper

    687 Words  | 2 Pages

    This descriptive epidemiological review article provides data on physical activity and exercise training in the United States. This analysis will identify the description of the health outcome on descriptive data terms of the article such as person, place, and time. First, the person's (test subjects) used are characterized according to the standard variables and demographics including age, gender, race/ethnicity, occupation, and education. The article used participants ages 6 - +75 measuring their

  • Epidemiological Concepts In The Movie Contagion

    908 Words  | 2 Pages

    professionals would react to a large-scale spread of an unknown virus. During the movie, several epidemiological concepts were addressed. The influential work of epidemiologists and the on-site ground work they have to go through in order to achieve their goal was perceived to be accurate throughout the movie. Some general known concepts they were able to explain were the importance of rates, epidemiological studies, prevention and control

  • James Lind's Epidemiological Study

    521 Words  | 2 Pages

    at the Edinburgh College of Surgeons lead him into his own practice of discovering the remedy for scurvy as it was killing more soldiers of the Royal Navy than enemy action (Milne, 2004). Lind’s epidemiological study presented that the use of citrus fruits had the ability to treat scurvy. Epidemiological studies can be established as either observational or experimental. While observational studies are considered natural experiments, James Lind used an experimental study to consider a true outcome

  • Anaylsis of Oral Epidemiological Program

    1487 Words  | 3 Pages

    Three hundred and forty 5 year old children from 18 state primary schools in Lambeth were examined as part of the BASCD oral epidemiological programme in 2008. The collection of the data was undertaken between February and June 2008. The children were recruited from local state schools using a two stage stratified sampling strategy. The dental examination was undertaken by trained and calibrated examiners and recorded the children’s caries experience, oral hygiene levels and presence of acute infection

  • Population Based Epidemiological Studies

    1331 Words  | 3 Pages

    Epidemiology There are no large population based epidemiological studies estimating the prevalence of NCGS. In the United States, the only population based study is the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey which was done in the United States between 2009-2010 on 7762 persons from the general population and aimed to estimate the prevalence of CD through serological testing for tTg IgA and if findings were abnormal, for IgA endomysial antibodies. It secondarily aimed to measure the self-reported

  • Critical Evaluation of Epidemiological Study

    2132 Words  | 5 Pages

    Study Objectives and Design An outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul (S. Saintpaul) in Australia lead to an investigation, aimed at finding out what caused the increase in the number of human infections. The outbreak occurred in six Australian Jurisdictions with its epicenter in the South eastern mainland between September and November 2006 (Munnoch et al., 2009). The cases were confirmed by isolating the strain of S. Saintpaul in faecal specimen, by detection of routine surveillance (Munnoch et al


    605 Words  | 2 Pages

    Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder associated with many disease conditions and necessitates multiple drug regimens which make the treatment complicated. This stigmatic disease forces the patient to approach all system of medicines as well as alternative medicines of non proven value which further worsens the situation. At the same time the nonadherence to the treatment reflects poor prognosis which is misunderstood for lack of response resulting in poor faith to the medications. The aim of this work

  • Susser's Three Characteristics to Argue that the Outcome and Exposure can only be Inferred from Epidemiological Studies

    1015 Words  | 3 Pages

    The scientific method is built on the principle that nothing can ever be proved as definitively true. Rather, once a hypothesis is proposed, evidence can be generated in favor of the hypothesis or in favor of an alternative hypothesis. When enough evidence is gathered in one direction or the other, the original hypothesis is either accepted or debunked in favor of an alternative. As scientific work is always in flux, any previously accepted theory can always be overturned by new evidence.1, 2 Many

  • Strengths And Weaknesses Of Suicide

    882 Words  | 2 Pages

    This discussion deals with the strengths and weaknesses of epidemiological research considering case studies of suicide and antidepressants among young people. In one epidemiological study of suicide related events in young people following prescription of antidepressants, Wijlaars et al (2013) examined the temporal association between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) prescriptions and suicide-related events in children and adolescents. Electronic health

  • Epidemiology in Nutrition

    656 Words  | 2 Pages

    Epidemiology in nutrition: Objectives: The professional in nutrition will be able to interpret with the epidemiological approach to health and disease situations which raises their professional performance, with special attention to the prevention within the resolution of problems. Describe the natural history with ecological sense of proper nutrition and diseases associated with deficiencies in the food and nutrition. Determine in the previous pathologies the Levels of prevention and actions

  • PROCEED Model Paper

    648 Words  | 2 Pages

    about money management. We as OTA students are taking this information with the hope to improve the member’s money management skills by implementing a program at the center for individuals with physical challenges. Phase 2 – Epidemiological Diagnosis In this phase epidemiological diagnosis, we identify the health or other issues that most clearly influence the outcome the community seeks. Phase 3 - Behavioral, and Environmental Assessment This phase determined behavioral and environmental factors

  • Zika The Ghost Map Summary

    888 Words  | 2 Pages

    Through his book, he explained the connection between public health and medicine using disease epidemiology. Even though Zika emerged as a new threat, there was an epidemiological surveillance being conducted since its first discovery in 1947 (McNeil, p.17). Thus, both medicine and public health based their search for solutions on this

  • Metal-on-Metal Hip Resurfacing

    1612 Words  | 4 Pages

    cancer mortality was also low with SMR of 0.54(CI 0.50 – 0.57). Published literature lacks evidence regarding mortality and cause of death after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing. We present an epidemiological analysis of cause of death... ... middle of paper ... ... disparity. Our study reports epidemiological results from a single cohort. The clinical significance of these results can be improved by a prospective study comparing total hip arthroplasty and metal-on-metal hip resurfacing. The present