In 1953, American playwright and essayist, Arthur Miller, wrote a famous play called The Crucible. It was loosely based on the Salem Witch Trials that happened in Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1692. But more importantly, it offered a social commentary about the wrongful prosecution of communists by the US government. The Crucible was first performed on January 22nd, 1953 at the Martin Beck Theatre. It won the Tony Award for the Best Play that year.
The play tells the story of John Proctor and other members of the Salem town who are falsely accused of practicing witchcraft. Abigail Williams, Betty Parris, and a few other girls claim that people in the town have connections with the devil. Judge Danforth; Reverend Parris; Reverend Hale; and Proctor’s wife, Elizabeth, are some of the major characters of The Crucible. The four-act play begins with a group of girls, led by Abigail, playing in the forest along with the black slave, Tituba. When Betty Parris enters into a comatose state, her father, Reverend Parris, questions Tituba and the girls. Once Betty wakes up, she and the other girls wrongly accuse the people of Salem of practicing witchcraft. The Crucible concludes with John Proctor being sentenced to death after he refuses to accept the false charges pressed against him.
Vengeance, pride, and justice are some of the themes that are explored in Miller’s play. Later, Miller wrote an article to disclose the purpose of The Crucible, i.e., to shed light on the problem of the “Red Scare” that was prevalent in the US in the 1950s. Through the play, Miller expressed his strong dissent against the US Congress. It did not go down well with the government as he was convicted by the Committee on un-American activities in 1956.
The Crucible is one of the most reputed works of Arthur Miller. It has been adapted into films, television programs, and opera shows.
Here are some literary analysis essays on this famous play and the playwright:
The Crucible is interpreted as an allegory on the intolerance of McCarthyism, allowing Miller to express his criticisms towards the practice through a crucial period in American history. After its publication, it was widely expressed that the Crucible illustrated Miller’s opinion on McCarthyism and its effect on society. McCarthyism is defined as the political practice of broadcasting accusations of disloyalty and undermining power and authority without providing legitimate evidence. This was specifically
In what ways does The Crucible comment on Miller's involvement in the HUAC hearings? The Crucible was a play written by the playwright Arthur Miller in 1953. American society in the 1950s is often referred to as the Age of Paranoia due to the fear of Communism within Ameica. After World War 2 America and Russia had emerged as the two main superpowers. There was a fear of Communism in America this fear was heightened by Mc Cartyism. Arthur Miller's play can be viewed as a commentary on the “witch
wealth or either scared of losing their pride. But some want revenge, revenge for cheating and revenge for pride. In the Salem witch trials, 19 people were hanged, when they were found guilty for performing witch craft. In Arthur Miller’s novel, The Crucible, Miller explains the concepts of revenge and fear through the Salem Witch trials. Abigail Williams is the main person to blame in the novel because she wanted revenge. Danforth and the townspeople demonstrate the concept of fear, since they are scared
The Salem Incident: In Salem, Massachusetts during 1692 and 1693 a dark and horrible hysteria fell over the town, and seemingly overnight a mass obsession descended upon the citizens they were simply crazy over the idea of witches within their community which, due to a vast and overwhelming amount of fear which changed their behavior (and maybe something more), prompted a major witch hunt in which ninety-two innocent people were wrongly accused and arrested while “nineteen were simply hanged, one
Holocaust Salem Witch Hunt Holocaust was very much viewed as a well known example of a Salem witch hunt. There are many things that can be inferred from the holocaust and the Salem witch trials the Crucible also ties into the similarities. They were both portrayed as evil inhuman people they were both tortured when they were convicted of either being a witch or a Jew, and women were not seen as a person with any power. These two groups were very frowned upon because they were maybe a little different
Introduction The Crucible – It can withstand extreme conditions. While heating metals in it, the impurities come up to the surface and the pure substance can be obtained. It basically helps in separating pure and impure substances. Link – In Miller’s play, the character of John Proctor is tested. Eventually he decides to sacrifice his life, rather than betray his beliefs. In 1953, at the time the book was written, the Second World War had just ended but still there was a clash of democrats ands
In the play The Crucible by Arthur Miller goes into detail about the historical event, the Salem witchcraft trials which took place in Massachusetts in 1692. The drama centers on John and Elizabeth Proctor and a young girl Abigail Williams, whom John Proctor has committed adultery with. In order to get rid of Elizabeth so that Abigail can have John to herself Abigail accuses John’s wife of witchcraft, a crime that was highly frowned upon. John proctor goes through a series of changes from being a
Long Essay - The Crucible q How is language used in The Crucible to express the emotional intensity if characters in conflict with each other and/or society and to convey the abstract ideas that emerge through that conflict? The Crucible is a play written by Arthur Miller in 1953. It is a prime example of dramatic theatre using powerful language to express emotional intensity of the characters in conflict with each other and their society. The language used also helps to convey the abstract
The play The Crucible by Arthur Miller focuses on the frenzy that occurred in the Massachusetts town of Salem in the year 1692. It shows the interactions between the characters and how their varying personalities affected the dynamics of the trials. One of these characters is Giles Corey, an eighty-three year old farmer who is the scapegoat for many of the bad occurrences in the town. The primary reason for this is that he is uneducated and had a fiery personality which led to many confrontations