What is the Availability Heuristic? A heuristic is a strategy that allows us to make quick judgments. It is a mental shortcut that is prone to errors. They can lead even extremely smart people into making unwise decisions or assumptions. The availability heuristic is when we estimate the likelihood of events due to their mental availability. Mental availability varies from bells in the casino, making someone believe they ae going to win, to an article about car accidents, making someone believe that
serious problem in the US and is resulting in too many deaths and accidents. There are some startling statistics about texting and driving. The NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) stated that in 2008, 16% of all fatal crashes and 21% of all crashes were caused by texting and driving (Chordas; Hartwell). Over 50% of teens admit to using cell phones while driving (Hart; Paterson). That was over five years ago and even more people are texting and driving today. This shows that this
fallen or stayed flat in all states from 1987 to 2005 and during that period, the number of fatal crashes in seven states was also steady or down” (NEW YORK TIMES, 2007). The Insurance Loss Data Institute, HLDI, studied insurance claims before and after cell phone bans went into effect and found no deduction in car accidents. Adrian Lund, President of IIHS and HLDI, states “the key finding is that crashes aren’t going down where handheld use has been banned” and goes on to say “ this finding doesn’t
(quoted in “Detering Dangerous Driving" 1). This means if parents enforce consequences for bad driving habits, teens will be more aware of their actions. Consequently, a chain reaction of events occurs. When teens drive safer the amount of car crashes decrease, meaning fewer teens would be killed. In other words, when parents set consequence... ... middle of paper ... ...Generally speaking, teenagers drive over the legal speed limit. As a result, a crash occurs. Sadly enough, passengers
Trucks, and Air Pollution.” Union of Concerned Scientists. Convio, 03 Sept. 2013. Web. 24 Feb 2014. “CDC Study Finds Annual Cost of Motor Vehicle Crashes Exceeds $99 Billion.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Aug 2010. Web. 2 May 2014. “Clean Cars, Air pollution, and Human Health.” UCSUSA. Mobify, 09 Sept. 2013. Web. 03 Mar 2014. “Cost of Auto Crashes and Statistics.” RMIIA. Rocky Mountain Insurance Information Association. Web. 20 Feb 2014. “Automobiles and Ozone.” U.S Environmental Protection
Hurricane Hits England is Grace Nichols who was born in the Carrribean and the narrator in Blessing is perhaps a person in a country suffering drought, probably in Central Africa. I know this by the way that she describes the conditions “‘silver’ crashes to the ground” and “the sudden rush of fortune” this suggests that water is given value (silver) And she or her friends or family must know and may have experienced these conditions earlier in her life. Hurricane Hits England has seven stanzas
number of bicycle commuters since 2000 has increased by 150% which is 15,000 daily cyclists in Chicago. CDOT analyzed a rise in bicycle crashes, which accounts for nearly 10% of crashes. In particular, reckless bicyclists cause traffic accidents, as CDOT measures 55% of fatal bicycle crashes in Chicago occur at or near intersections, because nearly twice as many crashes occurred at signalized intersections when bicyclists were crossing against the traffic signal. Now that we see that reckless bicyclists
Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2011. At Issue. Rpt. from "Ticket for Using a Cellphone While Driving Doesn't Go Far Enough." VancouverSun 9 Nov. 2009. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Nov. 2013 "NSC Estimates 1.6 Million Crashes Caused by Cell Phone Use and Texting." NSC. National Safety Council, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. Radel, Dan. "Smartphones Create Stupid Driving Habits." APP. The Asbury Park Press, 19 Nov. 2013. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.
deficiencies. (DAlessio, Stolzenberg and Terry, Clinton, 1999). References DAlessio, S; Stolzenberg, L., and Terry, W. Clinton III (1999). Eyes on the Street: The Impact of Tennessees Emergency Cellular Telephone Program on Alcohol related Fatal Crashes. Crime and Delinquency, 45(4): 453- 466 Rugg, G., & Petre, M. (2007). A gentle guide to research methods. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill/Open University Press.
offenders from repetitively having a bottle in one hand and the other on the steering wheel. Most offenders lack the willingness to break this bad habit. In fact according to “About Drunk Driving”, “About one-third of the drunk driving problem – arrests, crashes, deaths, and injuries – comes from repeat offenders” (4). Offenders may not kill someone on the first offense but the percentage rises once the offense is repeated. According to Laura Dean-Mooney, a MAPP representative, “Unfortunately, the criminal