Cartesian Essays

  • Anne Conway’s Critique of Cartesian Dualism

    3234 Words  | 7 Pages

    Anne Conway’s Critique of Cartesian Dualism ABSTRACT: I describe and analyze Anne Conway’s critique of Cartesian dualism. After a brief biographical introduction to Conway, I sketch some of the influences on her philosophy. I then describe her non-Cartesian view of substance. According to Conway, there is only one substance in created reality. This substance contains both matter and spirit. A purely material or spiritual substance is, she argues, an impossibility. Next, I discuss several of

  • Alan Gewirth’s The Cartesian Circle Reconsidered

    782 Words  | 2 Pages

    In Alan Gewirth’s The Cartesian Circle Reconsidered, he expands on an argument he made in a previous paper in regards to a possible logical fallacy in Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy. This fallacy is called the Cartesian Circle in reference to Descartes apparently circular reasoning that he can have clear and distinct ideas because of God’s existence, but that the proof of God’s existence and is itself based on clear and distinct ideas. Gewirth’s response to critics of Descartes is that

  • Cartesian Rationalism

    817 Words  | 2 Pages

    address the Mind/Body Dualism by comparing and contrasting Cartesian rationalism and empiricism and the responses to the Mind/Body Problem by comparing contrasting Kantian Idealism and Phenomenology. It will explain how each attempt to respond/resolve the mind/body problem confronted by both empiricists and rationalists and my own philosophical response to this epistemological problem by sharing my own views are similar to the theories. Cartesian rationalism differentiates between a priori and empirical

  • The Free Will in Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes

    3757 Words  | 8 Pages

    philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. However, the claim of boundless freedom within the writings of Descartes seems even more remarkable in light of the fact that he proposed the philosophical method within the theological strictures of Catholicism. With Cartesian study primarily focused on the significance of human consciousness and the sum res cogitans, rarely does one find exclusive attention devoted to the paramount importance of the free will in Descartes’ overall project. This essay investigates the

  • Descartes’ Ultimate Purpose of the Meditations

    1766 Words  | 4 Pages

    of establishing a foundation for the existence of truth, falsity, corporeal things and eventually the establishment of the sciences. When viewed in this light, Descartes is accused of drawing himself into a ‘Cartesian circle,’ ultimately forcing this cosmological proof of God to defy Cartesian method, thus precipitating the failure of the third, fourth, fifth and sixth meditations. This approach to the meditations, in the order with which they are presented, allows me to state that a proof of the

  • Heidegger's Reading of Descartes' Dualism

    4349 Words  | 9 Pages

    distinct from the external world of things because Dasein is essentially Being-in-the-world. Heidegger challenges the Cartesian legacy in epistemology in two ways. First, there is the modern tendency toward subjectivism and individualism that started with Descartes' discovery of the 'cogito.' Second, there is the technological orientation of the modern world that originated in the Cartesian understanding of the mathematical and external physical world. Descartes stands at the beginning of modern philosophy

  • Cartesian Dualism

    574 Words  | 2 Pages

    things that are separate but related. Philosophy is really looking at two sides of things; the physical and spiritual sides of life. There are many different ways to look at Dualism, and through all different lenses. According to the article on Cartesian dualism, The relation between minds and bodies can be more intimate. Minds, they hold, are not entities. Minds resemble fists or laps: a mind is present when the body is organized in a particular way, and absent otherwise. Still And with this relationship

  • Descartes' Meditations

    2133 Words  | 5 Pages

    In Descartes’ meditations, Descartes begins what Bernard Williams has called the project of ‘pure enquiry’ to discover an indubitable premise or foundation to base his knowledge on, by subjecting everything to a kind of scepticism now known as Cartesian doubt. This is known as foundationalism, where a philosopher basis all epistemological knowledge on an indubitable premise. Within meditation one Descartes subjects all of his beliefs regarding sensory data and even existence to the strongest

  • Heidegger's Critique of Cartesianism

    3337 Words  | 7 Pages

    the heat of this debate, the question of Heidegger's place in relation to that tradition in general and to Cartesianism in particular has been neglected. I wish to address the question by focusing on the major aspects of Heidegger's critique of Cartesian philosophy and the modern tradition. I will first show that the strength of his criticism lies in its all-encompassing penetration of the foundations of modern philosophy, running through both the ontological and epistemological channels. Ontologically

  • Cartesian Dualism

    1369 Words  | 3 Pages

    from nature, the advent of Cartesian dualism formalized this separation. During the 17th century, the French philosopher René Descartes posited a separation of the mind, because of its ability to engage in rational thought, was superior to the body. He argued that the independent mind was not limited by the physical constraints of the body and that this mind gave humans the ability to engage in rational thought (Williams, 2007, p. 134). During the Enlightenment, Cartesian dualism was extended to encompass

  • Augustine

    1122 Words  | 3 Pages

    Augustine’s theory that faith precedes reason can be best summed up by citing his famous quote, “I believe in order that I may understand”. St Augustine was a giant in philosophy and continues to be studied today. Decartes, who invented the Cartesian Plain, wanted to make philosophy as precise as his beloved mathematics. He often related philosophy to the principles of geometry and fineness. Decartes operated out of the theory of doubt, he doubted everything. However he did not doubt the fact

  • Early Sartre: Unsatisfactory Account of Alterity

    7833 Words  | 16 Pages

    Sartre's study of imagination offers opportunities to re-examine the question of alterity and arrive at a more adequate formulation of the self's relation to the other. The paper begins by demonstrating that The Transcendence of the Ego perpetuates the Cartesian tradition of defining the self primarily in terms of self-consciousness and immanence. Next, the paper turns to Sartre's Psychology of Imagination to find another way of conceptualizing the problem. The paper argues that Sartre's theory of imaginary

  • Serious Errors within Rene Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy

    1094 Words  | 3 Pages

    Meditations on First Philosophy is “I must finally conclude that this proposition, I am, I exist, is necessarily true whenever it is put forward by me or conceived in my mind” (Descartes:17). This statement can be explicated by examining Descartes’ Cartesian method of doubt and his subsequent discovery of basic truths. Even though I do believe that Descartes concludes with a statement that is accurate: cogito ergo sum, there are areas of his proof that are susceptible to defamation. These objections

  • Rene Descartes' Impact on the Scientific Method

    914 Words  | 2 Pages

    science superior to the ancient schools of thought is the employment of the scientific method. The man credited to a great extent with the development of the scientific method is René Descartes, a French philosopher who lived from 1596 to 1650. The Cartesian method maintains that in order to arrive at a groundwork for a structure of thought, commonly accepted knowledge must be abandoned, based as it is on the subjective nature of the senses. Science is a framework for gaining and organizing knowledge

  • Giambattista Vico and the Pedagogy of 'Heroic Mind' in the Liberal Arts

    3117 Words  | 7 Pages

    and the Pedagogy of 'Heroic Mind' in the Liberal Arts ABSTRACT: Vico's concept of the Heroic Mind forms the pedagogical basis for his view of the liberal arts in university education. It is also the key to understanding his humanist critique of Cartesian epistemology. This essay studies Vico's Heroic Mind concept as revealed in his 1732 De mente heroica Oration, discusses the nature of Vico's challenge to Descartes' view of the human person and of knowledge, and points out the development of Vico's

  • Response to George Berkeley’s Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous

    1021 Words  | 3 Pages

    Philonous The following essay is a response to George Berkeley’s Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous, in which he argues that the Cartesian notion of substance is incoherent, that the word "matter" as Descartes uses it, does not mean anything. This essay is also about words as memories, and about the two fictional Marcels, young and old. Hylas is a Cartesian thinker, and Philonous is Berkeley’s voice of reason. Words are like vessels—they are merely novel constructions of sounds empty

  • Apollonius Of Perga

    641 Words  | 2 Pages

    curve ( independently of tangent properties ), discusses how many normals can be drawn from particular points, finds their feet by construction, and gives propositions determining the center of curvature at any points and leading at once to the Cartesian equation of the evolute of any conic. The first four books of the Conics survive in the original Grrek and the next three in Arabic translation. Book 8 is lost. The only other extant work of Apollonius is Cutting Off of a Ratio ( or On Proportional

  • Mathematical Models of Spacetime in Contemporary Physics and Essential Issues of the Ontology of Spacetime

    3252 Words  | 7 Pages

    generate an interesting ontology of space-time and, generally, of nature. It is a monistic, anti-atomistic and geometrized ontology — in which the substance is the metric field — to which all physical events are reducible. Such ontology refers to the Cartesian definition of corporeality and to Plato's ontology of nature presented in the Timaeus. This ontology provides a solution to the dispute between Clark and Leibniz on the issue of the ontological independence of space-time from distribution of events

  • Monism vs Dualism

    542 Words  | 2 Pages

    Rene Descartes certainly didn't lack for credentials. As the "Father of Rationalism," "Father of Modern Philosophy," and originator of Cartesian geometry, he had more than enough interests to fill his spare time. But his role as "Father of Skepticism" helped popularize a major change in thinking about the nature of human experience. Dualism, or the doctrine that mind and body are of two distinct natures, is one of the key philosophical problems inherited by psychology. In both philosophy and psychology

  • Postmodernism in Latin America

    713 Words  | 2 Pages

    Postmodernism in Latin America Postmodernism is the 19th and 20th century reaction against the previously dominant western foundationalism, or modernism. Foundationalism is rooted in classic Cartesian philosophy: ontologically, an objective reality exists independent of our perception of this reality and we can gain access to it if our theories are logically based on some indubitable foundation. For Descartes, this indubitable, uncontroversial point of reference aligns with "I think, therefore