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    The Crusades

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    The first crusade was started by Pope Urban II in the year 1095 with goals of liberating the sacred city of Jerusalem and the holy land from the Muslims. What started as an appeal by Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos for western mercenaries to fight the Seljuk Turks in Anatolia quickly turned into a wholesale Western migration and conquest of territory outside of Europe. In July of 1099 Knights from western Europe captured the city of Jerusalem, thus establishing the kingdom of Jerusalem and

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    The crusades

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    Pope Urban II’s Sermon. Pope Urban II was called upon by Alexios I Komnenos to help him in a war against the Muslim people who were trying to convert the world to Islam by force. Urban gave a speech to a huge crowd at the Council of Clermont, using the Muslims heinous acts as fuel, Urban tries to light a fire under the Christians. He begins his speech by telling the people of a looming threat - The Muslims. He tells the people all about the violent acts that they’ve done across the lands. Acts such

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    necessary tool, but due t... ... middle of paper ... ... I mentioned before, Osama bin Laden proclaimed his attack on the World Trade Center a holy war. While the world looked back and could not understand how this could be considered holy, if one were to look back they could see similarities between the Christian Crusades and the terrorist attacks. When I was looking for websites on just war theory of St. Augustine, nearly every single site I found had a discussion on whether the possible action

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    The Crusades The success and failures of the crusades “was closely related to the fortunes of the high-medieval papal monarchy” (454). The first crusade started when Pope Urban II called a plea of military aide to “free Jerusalem from Islamic control”. The first crusade was a “great early victory for the papal monarchy” (454-455). However, the crusades were not all victories for the papacy, the failures of the crusades ignited the decline of the papacy control. The crusades began when the Pope appealed

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    “Men of God are not just born, they are formed” ( John Paul Warren). The Crusaders who fought in the name of God in the Middle Ages believed, if they fight they will be granted a place in heaven. The Crusades were a traumatizing event for all groups involved, with long lasting impacts on the world - both negative and positive. It brought about a positive cultural exchange between Europe and the Middle Eastern communities , as well as numerous negative impacts between Christianity and Islam that

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    The Crusades

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    to regain their Holy Land, in doing so many knights risked their lives. During the Middle Ages a series of events lead up to the Crusades that were fought between the 11th and 13th century. The Crusades began when the Byzantine emperor, Alexius I Komnenos, asked Pope Urban II for help because the Seljuk Turks were gaining more power and land. As a result, the pope sent Christian knights to help regain the Holy Land. After some time the Christian knights captured Jerusalem from the Muslims, gaining

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    Causes Of The Crusades

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    throughout Asia Minor taking Jerusalem from the Shi’ite Muslims and cutting off Christian pilgrimages. In 1071 the (Sunni) Muslim Seljuks invaded Byzantium defeating its armies and capturing Emperor Romanus. In 1095 Eastern Byzantine Emperor Alexius I turned to Pope Urban II asking him for mercenaries to remount his defense against the Seljuks. Urban II decided to use the opportunity to take the Holy Land and called for Christians to form a militia to free the Holy Land. The Second Crusade attempted

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    Council of Clermont, accompanying his overlord, Stephen of Blois, to southern Italy, Bulgaria, and Constantinople in 1096, following the call to action instigated by Pope Urban II as response to a request for assistance from the Byzantine emperor Alexius I. In June 1097, Fulcher became chaplain to Baldwin of Flanders, with whom he remained, traveling with him to Jerusalem in the winter of 1099. Fulcher, who remained in Jerusalem for the remainder of his life, dying there in approximately 1127, provides

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    against the Crusaders in the later crusades. Anna Comnena, the daughter of Byzantine emperor Alexius I, also wrote a comprehensive account of the Crusades, but from the Hellenic point of view of an Eastern Christian. Comnena was a princess as well as a scholar, and she wrote The Alexiad, a retelling of her father’s period of influence, which contains much insight on the First Crusade. Alexius I inherited the Byzantine Empire in shambles, and was faced with continuous conflict throughout his time

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    The Crusades took place the late 1000’s and went on until the early 1200’s. The Crusades was the calling of Christians to defend the Holy Land by Pope Urban II. The Byzantine emperor Alexius Comnenus needed help to stop the Muslim invasion. He asked the pope and western European rulers to stop the Muslim advancement. Pope Urban spurred on the Christians by composing a need to recover the Holy Land. These Crusades had profound effects on both the European nations who participated and little on the

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