The mid-twentieth century witnessed a bitter fight for justice and equality between African Americans and their former white masters. The Civil War (1861-1865) had finally ended slavery but it would take years before the deep-rooted racism in American society would be rooted out. Discrimination against blacks persisted well into the 1950s and 60s; many reactionary whites were unhappy that their erstwhile slaves were pushing for equal laws, voting rights and some were even running for public office.
To ensure the marginalization of blacks and promote segregation of the two races, the South established Jim Crow laws that sought to reverse the vast strides towards racial equality made since the Civil War. The Jim Crow laws enforced segregation in public facilities, schools, restaurants and any area where blacks and whites could possibly congregate; they also made it extremely difficult for blacks to exercise their voting rights, get an education or buy a house. Interracial marriages were illegal.
By this time, however, blacks had had enough of the discrimination and hostility and decided to fight for equal rights. Undeterred by violence, harassment and hostility, they mobilized under the leadership of prominent Civil Rights leaders such as Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr and fought relentlessly for justice. They adopted largely peaceful means of expressing protest, but the movement had its share of proponents of violence. They were rewarded with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968. These laws ended segregation and discriminatory housing and employment practices and allowed blacks to freely exercise their voting rights. The Civil Rights movement empowered blacks and ensured that they were finally on a level playing field with whites.
The following is a comprehensive list of essays and academic papers that cover different aspects of the Civil Rights movement.
Equality should’ve never been questioned, it’s what’s right. Throughout history, civil rights were an important matter. There were many acts written to prevent segregation based on race, color, sex, national origin, etc. African Americans stepped up to become leaders in the fight to end segregation. The government has passed laws requiring “separate but equal” treatment between white and colored people. For a long time after the Emancipation Proclamation, there was still segregation, even after
For a long time, African- Americans had been treated unfairly. Many of them couldn’t have normal lives and go to school. Segregation was everywhere. However, many Civil Rights leaders took steps to bring back fairness to African-Americans which they hadn’t had since a long time ago. As time went by, the Civil Rights Movement had improved African-American community tremendously. It moved from the Brown v. Board which concluded that “separate but equal” policy was unconstitutional to the Black Power
Civil Rights Movement Why did the civil rights Movement happen? What about the movement was so significant, and why did it become a huge part of American history? The Black Panther Platform was about how freedom and equality for blacks; their goals were similar to the goals of Martin Luther King, Jr’s goals and the civil rights movement. For years blacks had been dealing with brutality from the justice department. The same justice departments created to protect blacks were violating their rights
this essay I am discussing key people and events related to the Civil Rights Movement, and how these things effected it. People you'll read about include: Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks.I'll discuss the KKK, Red Summer of nineteen-nineteen,the passing of the fourteenth and fifteenth amendment, and the Civil Rights Act of eighteen seventy-five. One would think that equality would have come for African Americans soon after the Civil War though this wasn't the case. Under Reconstruction the South
On January 20th, 2013, Barack Obama was inaugurated into his second term as president of the United States. In his speech, he made history when he made a reference to gay rights, he said: We the people, declare today that the most evident of truths -- that all of us are created equal -- is the star that guides us still; just as it guided our forebears through Seneca Falls, and Selma, and Stonewall; just as it guided all those men and women, sung and unsung, who left footprints along this great Mall
Great African American musicians of the40’s, 50’s, especially 60’s and 70’s, like Jimi Hendrix for example, where not have always been in the headlines for the right reasons. They, Hendrix especially, were not always forefront leaders in movement like the Civil Rights era like Malcolm X or Martin Luther where.. That may be true, but by simply being a successful African American musician in times like these would speak volume, and have profound influence. Jimi Hendrix explained it bests, when he
The civil rights movement in America was and is to this day a historical landmark. It marked a change in thought, a change in society and a change in the political structure as we know it in America. We are now living in the product and the efforts made by the civil rights activists. It is one of the most recent monumental changes that took place in America and for the world by extension back in the 20th century. From the early 1940s to the late 1960s the civil rights movement in America took on
During the Civil Rights African Americans caught a hard time with getting to fit in. White men spit on them. They called them nasty names like nigger, colored people, and things like porch monkeys I’m sure there is more but that’s as far as I want to get into that. But not all white people where nasty and mean take that people that helped African Americans in time of need. The Civil Rights movement was a good period for African Americans because of many things like Brown vs. Board of Education, also
Do people today honestly know how bad segregation and discrimination was on African Americans during the civil rights movement? Some were arrested and some were even killed. Racial slures were thrown at African Americans everywhere they went. Some African Americans were tormented to death. Segregation during the civil rights movement was hard for African Americans because they were not allowed to attend schools with whites, eat at the same resturants as whites, or even sit in the same section on