America and the Allies had emerged victorious from World War Two. America was a worldwide superpower in comparison to the old Colonial powers of Britain and France which were exhausted after the war and in decline. However the Communist USSR was also very powerful and China had embraced communism as well. “By the summer of 1950… the geopolitical landscape looked remarkably different: the Soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb, Chinese communists had completed their conquest of the mainland, Senator Joseph McCarthy had initiated his now infamous campaign against “softness” toward communism, and the United States was involved in a full-scale war against a Soviet satellite in Korea. In such a politic...
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...to be covert operations and intelligence gathering from North Vietnam known as the DESOTO patrols.“The U.S Destroyer Maddox, an intelligence gathering vessel, was patrolling the Gulf about 15 kilometres off the North Vietnamese coast, collecting information on North Vietnam’s defence system under the OPLAN 34A. The patrol was code named Desoto.” It was an undisputed attack on the Maddox by North Vietnamese forces on August 2nd, 1964, that set the scene for the alleged August 4th attack. Following the alleged attack on August 4th, the Tonkin Resolution was immediately passed by the United States Congress which allowed the American President to authorise military operations in Vietnam. And so, the climate was set for a tumultuous conflict in Vietnam which had repercussions which affected many people and societies, including New Zealand,and continue to do so even today.
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