To What Extent is Reasoning between the Authoritative Firgure and the Subordinate Figure the Same?

To What Extent is Reasoning between the Authoritative Firgure and the Subordinate Figure the Same?

Length: 1162 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

We always want to follow the leader. It has been programmed in us, probably since societies were founded. So it is to no surprise that knowledge and beliefs are different between these two positions. However, if they are different then can it be the same? In this paper I will be answering this question that follows: To what extent is reasoning between the authoritative figure and the subordinate figure the same? To do this I will be looking at two experiments, the Monster Experiment and the Milgram Experiment. But why do we always want to follow the leader. I claim that it is because we want to put the burden of responsibility on someone one else.
The Monster Experiment was an unethical experiment done in the year 1938. It was an experiment to see whether stuttering could be taught. The psychologist Dr. Wendell Johnson a stutterer himself was beginning to believe that stuttering was a taught disability, unconsciously taught by some parents when the child was beginning to speak. So in 1938 he devised an experiment that would lead to horrific psychological results. He took 22 orphan children, only half of them were stutters, and separated them into stutterers and non-stutterers, every day for six months these children took simple reading tests. The caretaker, one of whom was Mary Tudor, was to tell the children that they had stutters and they should try harder to speak normally even though they did not stutter or read normally. By the end the student’s speech deteriorated, not into stuttering but into stopping and even refusing to speak at all for fear of the caretakers saying something. Stuttering is a condition of the mind when the muscles in the mouth lock when you are going to say something. It is like a muscle spasm which is...


... middle of paper ...


...f stepping out of line, therefore they conform and obey authority.
All in all, reasoning in authoritative figures and subordinate figures are very similar. In the Monster Study, the belief that the children stutter can form the caretakers telling them that they stuttered and in the Milgram Experiment the teachers continue to shock the students because the scientists said that it was fine and that they would take responsibility for any harm done to the students. We all want to follow the leader because of this. We all do not want the burden of responsibility. However, reasoning might form different from authority and subordinate when their ideas differ. However, despite of this people still conform due to consequences. We should all try to be more independent despite of consequences and responsibility because sometimes the leader might be going the wrong direction.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Leadership Of An Authoritative Figure Essay example

- The leadership of an authoritative figure can create success or lead to failure in an organization. The medium-sized manufacturing company, Microstar Industries, has the ability to be successful and collaborative. But in order to achieve this goal, all departments and employees within the company need to work together cohesively and coherently. The following report will address the following problems determined in the sales departments: • The authoritative leadership of sales executive vice-president Ernie Lane is unsuccessful....   [tags: Better, Management, Leadership, Following]

Strong Essays
847 words (2.4 pages)

Does the Presence of an Authoritative Figure at Home Affect The Grade Point Averages of Students in High School?

- Introduction As someone who has always done well in school and who has always been supported by my parents, I have sometimes wondered if the continual absence of an authoritative figure at home affects the way students perform in school. Without authority, discipline, or encouragement, would high school students slack or fall behind in their studies. My ultimate goal is to test and analyze a survey of my high school to see if there is in fact a relationship between the absence of a respected adult and the grade point averages of my peers....   [tags: GPA, students, Null Hyphotesis]

Strong Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

The Subordinate Position of Women in Shrek 2 Essay

- The Subordinate Position of Women in Shrek 2 Media representations tend to highlight the binary opposition which often depicts female as negative inferior and male as positive superior in the hierarchically arranged modern society (Shaughnessy, Stadler. 2002). By repetition, the media can naturalize the subordinate representation of women that no other interpretation is possible, thus leading to the legitimization of masculinity and denigration of femininity (Rayner, Wall & Kruger....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1253 words (3.6 pages)

The Puzzling Message of Figure in the Carpet Essay

- The Puzzling Message of Figure in the Carpet At the beginning of "The Figure in the Carpet", the main character considers the criticism of literature to be a career, something he does for money. "I had done a few things and earned a few pence" (p. 357), declares the narrator in the opening line. He says later in the paragraph that having an advanced copy of a prominent novel to review was desirable because it would advance his career: "Öand whatever much or little it should do for his reputation I was clear on the spot as to what it should do for mine." (p....   [tags: Figure in the Carpet Essays]

Free Essays
487 words (1.4 pages)

The Attic Black Figure Ovoid Neck Amphora Essay

- The Attic Black-Figure Ovoid Neck-Amphora is a pottery piece that one does not know a lot about. It was produced sometime between 600 to 400 B.C., and is now housed at the Joslyn Art Museum in Omaha, Nebraska. It was used to hold liquids and was often a source of trade for the Greek potters. In this paper, one will learn how the pottery was made, what the designs on the vase mean, history, and about the culture of the Greeks. The first step in understanding the Attic Black-Figure Ovoid Neck-Amphora and other black figure pottery is to understand how the pottery is made....   [tags: Greek mythology, Athena, Black-figure pottery]

Strong Essays
1718 words (4.9 pages)

Authoritative Parenting Is Both A Demanding And Responsive Way Of Parenting

- Authoritative parenting is both a demanding and responsive way of parenting a child. The responsiveness aspect of the parenting allows for the child to still be creative and unique while offering understanding, empathy and love to the child. Responsiveness is a vital key during the child 's cognitive development as it helps guide the child on how to deal with certain things and how to act, while giving them a sense of understanding and answering their question of “Why.”The demandingness is also very important and helps lay the foundation for what is to expected of a child when they grow up and live on their own....   [tags: Parenting styles, Childhood]

Strong Essays
1377 words (3.9 pages)

Parenting Styles : Authoritarian, Permissive, Authoritative And Uninvolved

- You are about to take a trip into my psychological experiences. As you read the next 5 pages, you will be getting a glimpse into who I am, the things that I have experienced and my thoughts concerning those events. I will start of by telling you about my parents and how I think their parenting styles have affected me, then I’m going to tell you about my two best friends who suffer from psychological disorders and the lessons that I have learned from being very close to them. I will then finish by telling you about my perception of consciousness and what I believe dreams are....   [tags: Parenting styles, Psychology, Bipolar disorder]

Strong Essays
1547 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Equal Participation And Subordinate Groups

- In this Land of Freedom, we need to think about if everyone still gets freedom. Is everyone equally treated. Or does everyone get equal chance. The society divided people into two groups: dominant groups and subordinate groups. According to the textbook, the dominant group has the greatest influence in determining the structure of the society, and they are seen as the norm for humanity (Adams et al., 2013). On the other hand, targeted people, subordinate groups, are said to be innately incapable of performing the preferred roles....   [tags: Sociology, Racism, Discrimination, Race]

Strong Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)

Authoritative Parenting Essay

- Introduction Parenting a child from infant to the adult stage is a full-time responsibility that every parent takes on. The type of style used to socialize their children to conform adequately to the expected standards of conduct to function successfully in their society is the option that is decided by each parent. Since there are different ways of parenting a child, it is the parent’s responsibility to ensure that the child’s behavior is sufficient to live in society let alone act compliant in it as well....   [tags: Family Psychology ]

Strong Essays
2449 words (7 pages)

Dominant and Subordinate Cultures Essay

- Dominant and Subordinate Cultures Some of the greatest assaults committed on particular cultures have been with good intentions. In some cases, the cultures just may have different viewpoints as to what is right, or best in that specific situation. For the Australian Aboriginals, the greatest assault may well have been the taking of children from their families; they later became known as the ‘Stolen Generation’....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1682 words (4.8 pages)