To What Extent Did the Railroad Affect Westward Expansion in 19th Century America?

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A: Plan of the Investigation This investigation evaluated: To what extent does the railroad affect westward expansion in 19th century America? In order to assess its contribution, the investigation focused on the construction and expansion of the railroads westward; evaluating how and to what extent the western frontier used the railroads. This is done by assessing who the first settlers were, what the trains were transporting between the East and West, and how it affected the people of the 19th century. B. Summary of Evidence. The steam railroad, making its first appearance around 1930, soon became a form of transportation that could rival sea vessels. This land vessel could cross ridges, mountains, and could even run in the winter (Fehrenbacher 62). In 1831, the first railroad tunnel was built, allowing people to go through the land instead of around it, saving a lot of time for transporters (Bruno 507). In 1856, a railroad bridge was built that spanned the Mississippi river, the first of its kind (Stover 38). In 1856, the railroad extended to Illinois. Illinois in turn, started to sell thousands of acres of land, drawing in hundreds of settlers westward (Stover 45). Thanks to the railroad, wheat imports increased 900% and corn quadrupled between 1852 and 1856 in Chicago (Stover 51). In the 1870’s, the railroad system expanded past the frontier, bringing millions of Americans west (Stover 64). The expansion of the railroads west brought settlers to present day Wyoming, Utah, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona (Stover 65). The west had very few rivers for ships to navigate on, however, the railroad was able to span across the land, bringing many settlers west and allowing for eastern markets to have access to western agricultura... ... middle of paper ... ...ogy. Washington D.C.: US. Government Printing Office, 1993. Print. Burlingame, Roger. March of the Iron Man. N.p.: Charles Scrinner's Sons, 1938. Print. Fehrenbacher, Don E. The Era of Expansion, 1800-1848. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1969. Print. Guggenheim, John S. "Ray A. Billington." Gf.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2014. . Miller, Sidney L. Railway Transportation. Chicago: A.W. Shaw, 1924. Print. Moody, John. The Railroad Builders. Extra-Illustrated ed. Vol. 38. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale UP, 1919. Print. The Chronicles of America. Ripley, William Z. Railroads; Finance and Organization. New York: Longmans, Green, and, 1920. Print. Stover, John F. The Chicago History of American Civilization. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1961. Print. Warman, Cy. The Railroad. New York: Brampton Society, 1908. Print.

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