Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1974 - Gender and Sexual Discrimination

Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1974 - Gender and Sexual Discrimination

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Despite legislation for equal opportunities, sexism is still evident in the workplace. Women have made great advancements in the workforce and have become an integral part of the labor market. They have greater access to higher education and as a result, greater access to traditionally male dominated professions such as law. While statistics show that women are equal to men in terms of their numbers in the law profession, it is clear however, that they have not yet achieved equality in all other areas of their employment. Discrimination in the form of gender, sex and sexual harassment continues to be a problem in today’s society.
Historically, females have been discriminated against in the United States based solely on their gender. Gender or sex discrimination may be described as the unfair treatment of a person in their employment because of that person's sex. It is illegal to discriminate based on sex and it may result in negative effects on employment include pay, position and title, advancements and training opportunities or whether or not an individual is hired or fired from a job.
Sexual harassment by definition is based on conduct of a sexual nature. An article on ENotes.com describes sexual harassment as;
“Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conducts of a sexual nature constitute (are) sexual harassment when: (1) submission to (agree to) . . . or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting such individuals, or (2) such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile (threatening), or offensive working environment” (ENotes.com...


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...on and Sexual Harassment: Supreme Court Drama. (n.d.). eNotes - Literature Study Guides, Lesson Plans, and More.. Retrieved November 14, 2014, from http://www.enotes.com/supreme-court-drama/gender-discrimination-and-sexual-harassment

Gluck, S. (n.d.). The Effects of Gender Discrimination in the Workplace | Small Business - Chron.com. Small Business - Chron.com. Retrieved November 16, 2014, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/effects-gender-discrimination-workplace-2860.html

Poll, E. (2008, January 1). Law Practice Today :: Avoiding Discrimination in the Law Firm. American Bar Association. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://apps.americanbar.org/lpm/lpt/articles/mtt01081.shtml

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. (n.d.). The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/titlevii.cfm

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