In December 1965, a group of Iowa residents, both adults and children, gathered to discuss ways in which they could protest American involvement in the Vietnam War, a very controversial issue at the time. The group decided to wear black armbands for the month of December as a form of peaceful protest, as well as fast on December 16th and New Year’s Eve. 15 year old John F. Tinker, 13 year old Mary Beth Tinker and 16 year old Christopher Eckhardt protested alongside their parents by wearing the black armbands to their public schools (John and Christopher attended high school, Mary Beth attended junior high). Upon word of the protests, the principals of the Des Moines school district adopted a policy banning the wearing of armbands to school, in an effort to prevent disturbances that would subsequently arise. According to the rule, any student that wore an armband would be asked to remove it, and if they did not acquiesce, they would be suspended and unable to return to school until they complied with the policy. On December 16th, Christopher Eckhardt and Mary Beth Tinker insolently wore their black armbands to school, with John Tinker wearing his the following day. Although the armbands did not disrupt school, all three students were suspended until January 1st, 1966, when their protest en...
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...District (1969)." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Infoplease.com. 2005. Web. 04 Nov. 2011.
"Tinker v. Des Moines Ind. Comm. School Dist. | The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law." The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law | A Multimedia Archive of the Supreme Court of the United States. Web. 07 Nov. 2011.
"Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District | Casebriefs." Law Cases & Case Briefs for Students. 2011. Web. 07 Nov. 2011.
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