The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that control a person’s
metabolism. This gland consists of two lobes, the left and the right. Thyroid cancer
occurs when the cells within the thyroid gland begin to transform. The mutating cells
continue to grow out of control until they develop into a tumor. Tumors can be either
benign or malignant. Malignant tumors are cancerous. Tumors in the thyroid gland may
also be referred to as nodules. Most nodules are not cancerous.
Thyroid cancer has been cited as being the most common endocrine neoplasm and
it is cited as estimating that there are 44, 670 new diagnoses of thyroid cancer. Of these
numbers 10,740 men and 33,930 women were found in the United States of America in
2010. This data represents that there is approximately a two-in-a half increase since the
early 1970’s (Liebner & Shah, 2011). Research states that there is no clear cut evidence
that pin-points the cause for the increase but there has been hypothesis that have been
hypothesized about it. Some researchers have hypothesized that it is due to increased
screening, more widespread diagnostic testing of asymptomatic thyroid nodules, changing
demographics and changing environmental risk factors. (Chen, et al., 2016).
According to the National Cancer Institute cancer is defined as the name that is given to a collection of related diseases. (What is Cancer, 2016). It is noted through the research that cancer can start anywhere in the body which has trillions of cells with it. In a normal situation human cells grow and divide to be able and form new cells as the body needs and when damaged cells become present they are replaced by new, sometimes ...
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...ynthroid (levothyroxine sodium) is a prescription medication that can help treat hypothyroidism. Synthroid helps restore the thyroid hormone balance that was removed during the thyroidectomy. Aside from surgery, thyroid cancer may be treated with radiation and/or chemotherapy. In addition, a patient with thyroid cancer may be invited to participate in clinical trials, in which up and coming cancer treatments are tested.
There are two different cells within the thyroid—follicular cells and C cells.
Follicular cells utilize iodine within the blood to manufacture thyroid hormone. C cells
produce calcitonin which regulates how the body makes use of calcium for metabolism.
There are four different prominent types of thyroid cancer—Papillary Thyroid Cancer,
Follicular Thyroid Cancer, Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC), and Anaplastic Thyroid
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