Thyrod Hormone and Gland Essay

Thyrod Hormone and Gland Essay

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Thyroid hormones are Tyrosine based hormones that require triidothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4). These hormones are produced by the thyroid gland. The Thyroid gland is primarily known for the regulation of metabolism, as well as proper production of T3 and T4. Iodine is the main component that is needed. Dysfunction of Iodine can lead to decreased production of T3 and T4, resulting in enlarged thyroid tissue and even lead to thyroid diseases. In order for the thyroid hormone to function adequate amount of Thyroxine (T4) should be found within the blood. Thyronines on the other hand act on nearly all cells inside the body. Their function is to increase basal metabolic rate, affect protein synthesis, help regulate long bone growth, and increases the body’s ability of being sensitive to catechoalmines. Thyroid hormones are highly essential for proper development and differentiation of all cells within the body. Thyroid hormones also play a role in the regulation of protein, fat, and metabolism of carbohydrates and vitamins. Various physiological and pathological effects serve to influence thyroid hormone synthesis.

The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands located in the neck. The thyroid glands major role is determining how the body uses energy, makes proteins and how sensitive it is to other hormones found in the body. With a healthy thyroid gland one can produce sufficient thyroid hormones needed for the body. The following elaborates on the thyroid hormone , from anatomy and function , production, and known diseases.

Thyroid Gland: Anatomy and Function
This gland is located between the vertebrae column, in front of the trachea and just below the larynx. It consists of two lobes known as lobus ...

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...e disease, and anxiety.

As seen, thyroid hormones play a vital role in the body. With it being produced by the thyroid gland, thyroid hormones take part in metabolism, growth and development and its necessity of Iodine is crucial in order to continue proper production.. The unique structure and function this shows helps in determining how important the thyroid hormone is for the proper development of the thyroid gland in the body. Without Iodine, the abnormalities that occur interfere with thyroid hormone production and increase the likelihood of developing diseases due to the lack of Iodine .The mechanism of Iodine serves as the major component to induce proper production of thyroid hormones via the thyroid gland. With the evidence and understanding of the function , the need for thyroid hormones can be seen as an important asset for the human body.

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