Three Significant Deficiencies That Exist in Health Disparity Research Essay

Three Significant Deficiencies That Exist in Health Disparity Research Essay

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A person born in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) today is worse off than a person born in any other region in the world and this is expected to intensify with the onset of the epidemiological transition (Kilama 2009) from primarily infectious disease to chronic and infectious disease. This transition will cause an increase in health inequality across much of Africa, but current research looks at health inequality across population not across space. This research proposes to focus on spatial health inequality in rural Africa. Without an understanding of how health varies across space it will remain difficult to implement effective prevention, treatment, and intervention programs. Studies exploring health disparity have traditionally been focused on the developed world, with little research occurring on developing countries, but this is changing. Previous research in the developing world has explored the unequal distribution of health care access and its role in health disparity (Central Statistical Office (CSO) Swaziland 2008; Yiengprugsawan, Lim et al. 2009; WHO 2010, Johnson, Call et al. 2010; Bayoumi 2009; Bichong 2009; Warnecke, Oh et al. 2008); the effect of socioeconomic status on health (Ben Romdhane and Grenier 2009; Rose and Hatzenbuehler 2009; Zheng 2009; Yiengprugsawan, Lim et al. 2009); influence of variations in demographic characteristic’s on health in developing countries (Miller, Gruskin et al. 2007), and the type and quality of water available and its effect on health (Pande et al 2008).
The intellectual merit of this study is that it will explore the three significant deficiencies that exist in health disparity research. The first is that health disparity research is lacking in understanding the factors that in...


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...no population. Epidemiologic Reviews 31(1): 99-112.

Warnecke, R. B., A. Oh, et al. (2008). Approaching Health Disparities From a Population Perspective: The National Institutes of Health Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities. American Journal of Public Health 98(9): 1608-1615.

World Health Organization, W. (Febuary 21, 2010). Swaziland Health Profile. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/countries/swz/en/.

World Health Organization (WHO), (Febuary 21, 2010). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hac/crises/zwe/sitreps/zimbabwe_w1_10jan2010.pdf.

Yiengprugsawan, V., Lim, L.L.Y., et al. (2009). Tracking and Decomposing Health and Disease Inequality in Thailand. Annals of Epidemiology 19(11): 800-807.

Zheng, H. (2009). Rising U.S. income inequality, gender and individual self-rated health, 1972-2004. Social Science and Medicine 69(9): 1333-1342.

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