Dementia describes a range of symptoms that encompasses more than 100 conditions affecting the brain. The World Health Organisation (WHO) labels dementia as a syndrome caused via disease of the brain, typically of a progressive nature, where there is disorder of several higher cortical functions (World Health Organisation, 2007). People with dementia show deficiencies in neurocognitive function such as reduced memory and defective performance of mundane activities such as cleaning the house (Gallo et al., 2008). The ongoing changes and damaged brain cells are triggered by a build-up of irregular proteins in the genus. This means that the person’s symptoms worsen over time due to the continual feast of these proteins throughout the brain. Increased risk of dementia is associated with heart disease, diabetes and drug and alcohol misuse.
Dementia is responsible for a large onus on the health care system and its occur...
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...entia UK: The full report. London, UK: Alzheimer’s Society.
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8. Preston, L., Marshall, A., & Bucks, R. S. (2007). Investigating the ways that older people cope with dementia: A qualitative study. Aging & Mental Health, 11(2), 131–143.
9. The Princess Royal Trust for Carers (2011), Always on Call, Always Concerned: A survey of the Experiences of Older Carers (London, The Princess Royal Trust for Carers).
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