The Three Paradigms of Biblical Studies Essay

The Three Paradigms of Biblical Studies Essay

Length: 853 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The academic study of the Hebrew Bible encompasses thousands of scholars from around the world. These scholars use various methods developed by other disciplines in order to study ancient texts along with other approaches that are distinctive to the biblical studies.

Biblical scholars have recently divided the profession into three paradigms which are commonly referred to as the three worlds. Particularly, some scholars focus on the world within the text; others explore the world in front of the text; and others focus on the world behind the text.

Firstly, scholars who look at the world behind the text are concerned with understanding the world in which the Bible arose. Particularly, scholars specializing in this field seek to determine why the texts were written, what kind of source materials the authors may have used when preparing their text, and how these materials may have been edited in order for the community to integrate them into their own culture. These questions are ultimately problematic as there is a shortage of external evidence to disprove of conform their conclusions. As a result, this field is highly theoretical as new theories continue to arise. Additionally, scholars in this paradigm focus on the archeological and epigraphical evidence to understand if the events in the Hebrew Bible accurately narrate the historical record. Specifically, archeologists conduct excavations in order to uncover records from Israel so that the data may be studied by historians, while other archeologists incorporate literary records with the archaeological data to reconstruct the period in which the biblical narratives took place. This process is long and tedious as most data may be difficult to relate to literary materials. Als...


... middle of paper ...


...o validate Biblical narratives. This biased viewpoint is extremely problematic as individuals may interpret preexisting data in order to validate their worldview. For instance, Fundamentalists often hold the belief of a worldwide flood. This belief states that the Earth was once covered in water, in which every human and animal died, except for the ones saved on the Ark. The legend of a global flood is common throughout many cultures throughout the Middle East as it is believed to originate from an actual historic flood probably near the Caspian region. Despite the overwhelming evidence on to refute the notion of a worldwide flood, Fundamentalists often reject or use misinformation to justify their position. For instance advocates of a worldwide flood use the flood as an explanation for the existence of the geologic column, as well as other geological phenomena.




Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cultural Studies : Two Paradigms Essay

- Stuart Hall, “Cultural Studies: Two Paradigms” from Media, Culture and Society, Raymond Williams and E.P Thompson summarize about the way they saw culture, they refer it to the way of life and saw mass media as the main role in capitalist society. Williams’s perspective, his ideas was referred to culture as to social practice, he saw “culture as a whole way of life” and as to structuralism that makes the concept of the “structure of feeling“(Stuart Hall, “Cultural Studies: Two Paradigms” 1980). William was influenced in the seventy by Gramsci’s but, Williams became familiarly with Gramsci dominate and at the end of the 1970’s hegemony became the central concept of cultural studies....   [tags: Sociology, Cultural studies, Marxism]

Better Essays
1000 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Three Medical Case Studies

- Introduction This module of study has focused on many aspects of human health, anatomy, and the disease process. It has included such topics as the human organ systems, the mechanism of disease and the resulting disruption of homeostasis, the integumentary system, and the musculoskeletal system. The following case studies explore how burn classification will affect treatment, how joint injuries can disrupt mobility, and last, how a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to a decline in a person’s health status....   [tags: Medical Case Studies]

Better Essays
1253 words (3.6 pages)

Make Love, Not War Essay

- Life on Earth constantly swings between peace and war, even though human kind is famishing for happiness. Bliss does not derive from war and violence, why then humanity cannot live without the burden of wars. We are likely pursuing the culture of death. Maybe violence is inscribed into our DNA, our ancestral reptile brain, somehow, is dominating over our intellectual reasoning and emotional intelligence, the same brain that helped us to survive in hostile environments of a primitive world. How could man make this world a better place....   [tags: Social Studies]

Better Essays
1019 words (2.9 pages)

The Structure of Biblical Authority Essay

- In his book, Structure of Biblical Authority, Meredith Kline explains, describes, and defends the suzerain-vassal paradigm of the biblical covenant and canon of Scripture. Scripture’s authority, according to Kline is not merely related to its ontology (that God has spoken it); but in its basic economic form, Scripture is a covenantal document and therefore is authoritative. It is through this covenant that God binds himself to his covenant people and they to him. As our covenant suzerain, God sovereignly rules his vassals with covenant stipulations....   [tags: Meredith Kline, Biblical Covenants]

Better Essays
992 words (2.8 pages)

Biblical Leprosy's Affect on Cultural Societies of the Time Essay

- The Bible is widely regarded as perhaps the most influential text in the record of human history. Both Judaism and Christianity hold the Bible in high spiritual regard, due to its functions as the basis for these two respective religions. The Bible serves as a single divine anthology, comprised of a series of books that have been meticulously composed by hundreds of authors over hundreds of years (Armstrong 2007). Over the course of human history, the stories, lessons, and parables found within the Bible have had significant impact on societies all around the world....   [tags: biblical studies]

Better Essays
1029 words (2.9 pages)

The Three Paradigms In Society Essay

- “The Three Paradigms in Society” Functionalist paradigm, conflict paradigm, and symbolic interaction paradigm are the three major paradigms that function in today’s society. Functionalist, and conflict paradigms are macro-sociological paradigms. Symbolic interaction is a micro-sociological paradigm. Functionalist paradigm focuses on the integration of society, while social conflict focuses on the issue of division among society. Symbolic interaction works on communication and social change as a consequence....   [tags: essays papers Sociology]

Better Essays
826 words (2.4 pages)

Counselling: Providing Biblical Hope and Practical Help Essay

- 1. Background Information & Gathering data Theresa is 50 years old and is in good health. She has been happily married for the last 20 years and lives with her husband Ron, who due to a disability no longer works. They have two school going daughters, whose ages are 14 & 12. Theresa grew up in a well to do family; she is regularly in touch with her 3 siblings, 2 brothers and a sister. Her family is important to her and she shares a close relationship with her husband. She did a Masters in accounting studies, is a qualified Chartered Accountant and has been very successful in her career....   [tags: Biblical Counselling Essays]

Better Essays
1424 words (4.1 pages)

Essay about Comparing Three Ethical Paradigms

- Sinking to the bottom for a solution: Ethical Paradigms Sometimes in life there are instances in which and individual must make a decision that will question their moral fiber. These instances could vary from whether or not to help others in need, decide whether an action is right or wrong or even when deciding who should live and who must die. How does one logically reason to an ethnical conclusion to these situations. A coast guard helicopter is responding to two mayday calls by two different ships that are sinking in the Pacific Ocean within a mile of each other....   [tags: Ethics]

Better Essays
985 words (2.8 pages)

Biblical Studies Final ( Option 2 ) Essay

- Biblical Studies Final (Option 2) Martin Luther is often portrayed as being the original reformer when it comes to the Protestant Reformation due to his very strong ideas on the proper way of interpreting scripture. Luther primarily focused on interpreting scripture in one of two ways, literal/historical and typological. Luther would occasionally use the allegorical approach, but only if the biblical author clearly intended for something to be read allegorically. Of the four biblical interpretations, Luther would never use a mystical approach when interpreting biblical scripture....   [tags: Bible, Christianity, Protestant Reformation]

Better Essays
1388 words (4 pages)

Essay on Comparing And Contrasting Research Paradigms

- Comparing and Contrasting Research Paradigms Sharnae E. Little University of Phoenix Comparing and Contrasting Research Paradigms ​Paradigms are belief systems that establish our actions patterns, practices and thoughts. Webster Dictionary defines paradigm as "an example or pattern: small, self-contained, simplified examples that we use to illustrate procedures, processes, and theoretical points." The most quoted definition of paradigm is Thomas Kuhn 's (1962, 1970) concept in The Nature of Science Revolution, paradigm as the underlying assumptions and intellectual structure upon which research and development in a field of inquiry is based....   [tags: Scientific method, Quantitative research]

Better Essays
1128 words (3.2 pages)