Essay on The Three Most Common Pathologic Fractures

Essay on The Three Most Common Pathologic Fractures

Length: 652 words (1.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Wheeless, 2013 described pathologic fractures as occurring as a result of low energy impact through an area of weak bone with a pre-existing abnormality. An example of pathologic fractures would be fragility fractures, a common clinical manifestation of osteoporosis. The three most common fragility fractures are hip fractures, vertebral fractures and Colles’ fracture. A study published recently found that the single largest cause of fractures in the elderly population was fall from standing height (Amin, Achenbach, Atkinson, Khosla, & Melton, 2013) which is a definition of fragilty fractures according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation.
About 81% of all fractures in women aged 50 and above are fragility fractures. A history of fragility fracture after the age of 40 increases the risk of future fractures. Depending on the age and the number and site of fracture, the associated increase in risk is 1.5 to 9.5 fold. It has been estimated that by 2050, the incidence of hip fractures alone will reach 6.3 million worldwide due to the aging population. A quarter of these patients will die within a year of sustaining the fracture (Giangregorio, Papaioannou, Cranney, Zytaruk, & Adachi, 2006). Fragility fractures are also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. In 2007 alone, there were approximately 84,000 osteoporotic fractures in New Zealand. A total of NZD212mil was used to treat the fractures, and an additional 85mil NZD for after-fracture care with the figures expected to increase in the future (Brown, McNeill, Leung, Radwan, & Willingale, 2011).
Fracture union is the endpoint of successful bone healing, but this does not always occur as fractures can progress to delayed or non-unions. According to Harwood et al., 2010, t...

... middle of paper ...

... with tibial shaft fractures developed non-unions. These patients were found to have an increased risk of future fractures in a 2-year follow up, longer opioid use and were more likely to need physical therapy (Antonova, Le, Burge, & Mershon, 2013). This causes significant financial strain on the healthcare system.
The aim of management in fractures is to provide adequate stability and support to the poor biological environment surrounding the delayed or non-union. The technique used is dependent on the type of non-union and the alignment of fracture fragments (Panagiotis, 2005). For large bone defects, the current gold standard treatment is autografting, where donor bone is harvested, usually from the iliac crest, and transplanted into the defect site. This is, however, impeded by limited harvest site. An alternative strategy is therefore desirable (Stevens, 2008).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Three Most Common Ways to Displaying Data Essay

- ... Conversely, when trying to measure change over time, bar graphs are best when the changes are larger (How do I). Below is a chart with examples of data sets and the accompanying appropriate frequency chart. Describe Data Set Type of Frequency Chart Type of Visual Display Possible Audience Male and Female Employees Relative Frequency Pie Chart Potential employees and Hiring Managers Highest Earned Employee Education Relative Frequency Pie Chart Human Resources Department, Potential Employees, Parents Latest Student Test Scores Cumulative Frequency Line Graph Students, Parents, Teachers Attendance for the past 3 months over the past 3 years Cumulative Frequency Bar Chart Parents, Teachers...   [tags: pie charts, bar charts, and line graphs]

Better Essays
599 words (1.7 pages)

Nursing Career: Three Most Common Assessment Tools Essay

- ... Then finally they will look at what medications the person is on, this is often very important because elderly are on a lot of medications that could precipitate them into falling, for example diuretics, they would be getting up a lot in the night and that could precipitate to falls. How they grade medications is how many medications they are on so it is scored from zero being none all the way to two that is there taking two or more medications. They also look at what kind of medication they are on narcotics, tranquilizers, sleeping aids, diuretics, etc....   [tags: pain, fall risk and depression scale]

Better Essays
1502 words (4.3 pages)

A Distinctive Pathologic Lesion Caused By Hyperglycemia Essay

- A distinctive pathologic lesion caused by hyperglycemia is diabetic microangiopathy. It is characterized by thickening of the basement membrane of small blood vessels. Blood flow and diffusion of essential substances is slowed. Diabetic microangiopathy is most visible in capillaries in skin, skeletal muscle, retina, and renal glomeruli. In the kidney, glomerular basement membranes and glomerular arterioles are most affected, and changes are referred to as diabetic nephropathy. Renal blood vessels are similarly damaged, and the changes are referred to as diabetic retinopathy....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes, Insulin]

Better Essays
1581 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about The Three Most Common Mistakes Forex Trading Newbies Make

- The Three Most Common Mistakes Forex Trading Newbies Make By Johnny Mitch Jul 11, 2013 Join one day the stressful world of the forex market and you will soon understand that this is an information jungle in which it is very difficult to navigate in. Under a constant pressure to increase short-term returns, many traders, especially beginners make mistakes that leave them most often at the edge. In this article we will discuss the three most common mistakes a beginner should try to avoid. To survive long term, arm yourself with an adequate knowledge of the forex market to avoid wasting valuable time and finally seeing all your savings go up in smoke....   [tags: Investment, Risk, Business cycle]

Better Essays
891 words (2.5 pages)

Negligent Torts Are Most Common Types Of Tort Cases Essay

- Negligence Negligent torts are one of the most common types of tort cases. Negligent torts are cases that look at the actions of an individual or company that are not deliberate, but more so when an individual or company failed to act toward as a reasonable individual should, to someone whom he owes a duty to. Negligence action found in this particular tort can lead to personal injuries or monetary damages. The elements which constitute a Negligent Tort are defined as: a person must owe a duty or service to the victim(s) in question, and the individual, or company, who owes the duty must violate the promises or obligation; an injury, then must occur because of the specific violation, and t...   [tags: Tort, Negligence, Law, Common law]

Better Essays
1077 words (3.1 pages)

The Most Common Effects of Homesickness Essay

- The term “homesickness” refers to the functional impairment or the distress, which is precipitated by an anticipated or actual separation from what one is familiar with. Occasionally, homesickness can be severe, and hence, it is viewed in the context of the adjustment disorders by the American Psychiatric Association mode of classification. Specifically, homesickness is characterized by depressed mood and anxiety. One can easily distinguish homesickness from related anxiety disorders due to the unique presentation of recurring thoughts focused on home, namely loved ones, house, homeland, pets, home cooking, and a wish to return home....   [tags: separation, relocation, adjustment]

Better Essays
992 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Depression : The Most Common Disorder

- Depression is one of the most common disorder present in the workplace. According to Thomas & Hersen (2002), “Depression is one of the strongest risk factors for attempted suicide” (Thomas & Hersen, 2002). Therefore, if the individual does not seek treatment, then depression can exacerbate. There are various forms of depression: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Dysthymic Disorder (DD), adjustment disorder with depressed mood, substance-induced depressive disorder, and depression due to general medical condition (Thomas & Hersen, 2002)....   [tags: Major depressive disorder, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
978 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Concussions Are Most Common For Athletes

- Concussions are most common for athletes that play a collision sport. They occur when a player takes a hard hit and the brain is shaken and can recall hearing or seeing something that did not happen (Cantu 2). They can take place in sports such as boxing, baseball, and hockey and most often in football. In 1950, Robert a student from Cal-Berkeley and a member of Cal’s baseball team, was playing Stanford and it was his turn to bat. At the time batters wore helmets with ear flaps and flimsy liner inside the felt caps....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Concussion]

Better Essays
1109 words (3.2 pages)

The Most Common Cause Of Dementia Essay

- Diseases that affect any part of the body can be scary, but when they affect the brain, it can be even more alarming. Without the physical changes that many cancers or disorders come with, the disease can be completely oblivious to strangers around you. Alzheimer’s, the most common cause of dementia, is a disease that does exactly that; it mentally affects a person without changing their physical appearance. Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disease that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Neuron, Human brain, Brain]

Better Essays
1073 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about The Most Common Mental Illness

- In today 's society, madness is considered to be a rising concern and the field is constantly changing and evolving. Madness is defined as the state of being mentally illness, especially severely; or a state of frenzied or chaotic activity (Merriam-Webster). With madness and illnesses being intertwined, there are many different diagnoses each year. There are several well known and constantly diagnosed illness each year, and that number is only rising. The most common mental illnesses in the United States are anxiety disorders, depression and psychosis....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1625 words (4.6 pages)