i. Crime Mapping
This is used by analysts in law enforcement agencies across the world in order to visualize, and analyze crime incident patterns. This is widely used in the modern world however it is absent in developing countries like Pakistan where crime is a major problem. In New York City it is used in the form of CompStat. This was initially a management philosophy for the New York police department (similar to TQM and Six Sigma) and was not a computer system or software package. Over time this has changed. Some commercial enterprises have created turnkey packages which consist of computer systems, software, mobile devices, etc. all of which come under the title of CompStat. Now, CompStat is an extensive software that is utilized for the purpose of crime reduction and improving the quality of life. In Pakistan, a software like CompStat would use Geographic Information Systems and help to map crime and identify problems. Considering the security situation in the country, this would be very helpful.
ii. Land Management
This is used to help in creating and maintaining the land records in a way that will be much more efficient and effective compared to the manual entry system. Land Management will also include the search for land for di...
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...records with full transaction help and reporting devices.
GIS is getting fundamental to comprehension what is occurring and what will happen—in geographic space. When we comprehend, we can recommend activity. This new approach to administration overseeing geologically is changing the way that associations work.
• ‘GIS and Crime Mapping’ by Spencer Chainey and Jerry Ratcliffe
• ‘Systematic GIS Development and its Successful Implementation in SSGC-Pakistan’ by Syed Ali Naqvi and Zuhair Siddiqui
• ‘Applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Highway Traffic Noise Analysis’ by the U.S Department of Transportation
• ‘GIS for Low-cost Housing Development: A Case Study for the Evaluation of Vacant Land in North Western Windhoek’ for the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Namibia
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