In the international Court, the UN believes that as far as the use of force goes, “All nations shall refrain form the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state”. States must seek out every alternative to war, and if none come to fruition, it is still not an excuse for violence. In this paper, the history of the development and uses of the nuclear bomb, as well as doctrines and scholarly writings on the subject will serve as a deterrent to the future use of any nuclear weapons in conflicts between states. The use of nuclear weapons to resolve conflicts between states is in strong violation of international law.
In 1938, German Chemists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman, while shooting neutrons at uranium atoms caused fusion of the particles, which in turn split the atoms causing the release of a tremendous amount of energy. Physicists knew of the potential damage that could be caused if this knowledge fell into the hands of the United States’ enemies at the time. The uranium and man-made plutonium was quite difficult to come upon in large quantities, yet scientists then possessed a very dangerous weapon with no idea of the scope of damage it could really cause. As a result of the experiments, Albert Einstein, a professor at Princeton University, sent an informative letter of warning to President Franklin Roosevelt informing him of what they had discovered, and the potential threats that came along with the experiments.
The scientific community wanted to develop a weapon based on this fission process because if they had not, surely Adolf Hitler, who was surrounded by many of the most brilliant scientists in the world would develop it, and wipe out all those who opposed him. This sp...
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...n do to our planet now, their use can never bring about a happy ending.
As with any conflict, it is important for the United Nations affiliated states to observe the conditions for the use of force as I stated earlier. It is never really recognized as legitimate unless a states is being attacked and must act to defend itself. Nuclear weapons bring about possibilities for destruction that could leave nations helpless, and otherwise incapable of rebuilding. While definitively ending WWII, the use of nuclear weapons is still never justified because wiping out thousands if not millions, will never bode well internationally for any state. Nuclear scares have started wars, called for bitter hate towards people because of where they are from, and threaten the safety of humanity. Perhaps with treaties such as the NPT, the relative peace we enjoy now will continue to last.
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