The Theory of Loop Quantum Gravity is the lone, valid competition for the Superstring Theory. This theory quantifies Einstein’s Theory of Relativity by breaking down spacetime into sections called quanta at the Plank Scale. The Plank Scale, named after Max Plank, is the absolute most minuscule, microscopic measurement in the fabric of spacetime that physicists can only dream to observe. At this level, the very large and very small collide in what is known as quantum gravity. Quanta, when woven together, are predicted to form one smooth fabric of space. This fabric, interlaced into braids or threads, would resemble known particles. The braids would not exist inside of space, but would define space. If science could construct microscopes that were much more powerful than the ones available today, physicists could discover the definitive association between general relativity and quantum mechanics.
Einstein predicted that the structure of spacetime should be rather smooth, instead of foamy as some physicists have proposed in recent years. According to data received by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope after a massive gamma ray burst, Einstein’s prediction appeared to be true. The photons emitted by the burst arrived at the telescope at precisely the same time. Ripples were not present in the fabric of space or the photons would have been detected at various intervals.
Overall, Loop Quantum Gravity specifically addresses the unification of gravity with the quantum world. String Theory attempts to explain all of the forces and particles in nature in one sweeping theory. A number of physicists believe that each proposal is merely a different explanation of the same basic principles and that th...
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...rregularity, or disturbance in the data, defined the elusive boson. This discovery was a milestone for particle science and sent physicists into a state of orgasmic elation. Further discoveries are expected as the intensity of the accelerator is increased. Particle science is a roll.
String theory has also been applied to identify the microscopic properties of black holes. When a small star uses up its fuel, it swells up like a balloon and becomes a red giant. Eventually it shrinks down and become a white dwarf. When a massive star begins to die, it also swells up like a balloon and becomes a red giant, but it eventually pops generating a supernova event. The star spews out powerful gamma ray bursts. The result will be either a neutron star or a black hole. Intense gravity and spinning gases that surround the massively dense core create the black hole.
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