Thomas Malthus : The Principle Of Population Essay

Thomas Malthus : The Principle Of Population Essay

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Thomas Malthus

Thomas Malthus was a British philosopher and economist. He was born in February 13, 1834. He is best known for his book called “An Essay on The Principle of Population”.
He was very interested to know everything about population. He researched about birth, death, age of marriage and child bearing, and other economic factors and included all of these things in his book. His found a relationship between food supply and population. In the book he quoted “Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometrical ratio. Subsistence increases only in an arithmetic ratio.” Thomas warned that population growth would increase resource growth which would lead to catastrophic checks on overpopulation. He told that this would occur because population grew geometrically and food supply grew arithmetically. He also told that if population cannot be controlled than it has to be controlled by war, famine, disease or starvation which would result in Malthusian catastrophe. In the book, he also wrote about the moral solutions for the population control like sterilization, criminal punishments for those who have more children than they can support and he also told that people must practice abstinence. He also talked about two types of checks that would limit the population growth, first is the positive checks in which the death rate will increase and second is the preventive checks in which the birth rate is decreased. Malthus argued that it is difficult to increase food production because it takes in a lot of effort and has difficult efforts like reclaiming unused land or intensive farming. He also argued that it is more effective and easier to maintain the population growth by marrying late, using contraceptives, resorting reduced he...


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...It will lead to more pollution and people will start to become unhealthy. All the pollution, industrialization will also lead to global warming which will only harm the well being of the organisms living in the environment. Also, the demand of the food, land, job and of other products will be more than the supply which will also lead to war and destruction in the society. It will have a huge impact on health, environment and peace of the environment. So, everyone should start to take the preventives until it is too late. Everyone should be aware of the consequences of the overpopulation and should take this issue seriously. I agree on the arguments made by Thomas and I think that everyone should take the things said by him seriously. I think rather than taking his principle as a pessimistic they should see the good side of it and take it as an optimistic principle.

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