Essay on Thomas Hobbes ' Theory Of Social Contract Theory

Essay on Thomas Hobbes ' Theory Of Social Contract Theory

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Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines a social contract as an actual or hypothetical agreement among the members of an organized society or between a community and its ruler that defines and limits the rights and duties of each. Social contract theory is rightly associated with modern moral and political theory and is given its first full exposition and defense by Thomas Hobbes. Thomas Hobbes defends the claim that it is never rational to behave unjustly. According to Hobbes, our human nature prevents us from naturally living at peace with one another. Hobbes depicts this by describing a pre-political state of nature in which people constantly war. To move beyond this state of nature, we recognize the need to seek peace, the need to give up our hostile rights, and the need to keep our agreements. Accordingly, we enter into a social contract with one another and establish a government with absolute authority over us to assure that we abide by our agreements.
Thomas Hobbes’ theory of Social Contract appeared for the first time in Leviathan published in the year 1651, during the Civil War in Britain. Thomas Hobbes’ legal theory is based on “Social contract”. According to Hobbes, prior to social contract, “man” lived in the State of Nature. “Man’s” life in the State of Nature was one of fear and selfishness. “Man” lived in chaotic condition of constant fear. Life in the State of Nature was “solitary”, “poor”, “nasty”, “brutish”, and “short”. “Man” has a natural desire for security and order. In order to secure self-protection and self-preservation, and to avoid misery and pain, “man” entered into a contract. This idea of self-preservation and self-protection are inherent in “man’s” nature and in order to achieve this, voluntarily ...


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...sh the violators of the right. I find "The Cost of Rights: Why Liberty depends on Taxes," authored by renowned law professors Holmes and Sunstein helpful to understand this utilitarian genesis of rights.
Successful minorities (particularly those in middlemen jobs) are routinely hated and subject to mob violence by majorities all over the world, both presently as well as routinely in the past. They can claim their lynching of minorities as part of the social contract. This makes the term social contract meaningless. A contract (whether explicitly signed or a "hand shake" contract) has meaning only if all the parties involved voluntarily agree to it. The only working definition of "social contract" is having some set of people subjecting other sets of people to coercion and unjust, and all forms of tyranny can consequently be called "social contract". In conclusion,

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Essay on Thomas Hobbes ' Theory Of Social Contract Theory

- Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines a social contract as an actual or hypothetical agreement among the members of an organized society or between a community and its ruler that defines and limits the rights and duties of each. Social contract theory is rightly associated with modern moral and political theory and is given its first full exposition and defense by Thomas Hobbes. Thomas Hobbes defends the claim that it is never rational to behave unjustly. According to Hobbes, our human nature prevents us from naturally living at peace with one another....   [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]

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