Thomas Hobbes’ theory of Social Contract appeared for the first time in Leviathan published in the year 1651, during the Civil War in Britain. Thomas Hobbes’ legal theory is based on “Social contract”. According to Hobbes, prior to social contract, “man” lived in the State of Nature. “Man’s” life in the State of Nature was one of fear and selfishness. “Man” lived in chaotic condition of constant fear. Life in the State of Nature was “solitary”, “poor”, “nasty”, “brutish”, and “short”. “Man” has a natural desire for security and order. In order to secure self-protection and self-preservation, and to avoid misery and pain, “man” entered into a contract. This idea of self-preservation and self-protection are inherent in “man’s” nature and in order to achieve this, voluntarily ...
... middle of paper ...
...sh the violators of the right. I find "The Cost of Rights: Why Liberty depends on Taxes," authored by renowned law professors Holmes and Sunstein helpful to understand this utilitarian genesis of rights.
Successful minorities (particularly those in middlemen jobs) are routinely hated and subject to mob violence by majorities all over the world, both presently as well as routinely in the past. They can claim their lynching of minorities as part of the social contract. This makes the term social contract meaningless. A contract (whether explicitly signed or a "hand shake" contract) has meaning only if all the parties involved voluntarily agree to it. The only working definition of "social contract" is having some set of people subjecting other sets of people to coercion and unjust, and all forms of tyranny can consequently be called "social contract". In conclusion,
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines a social contract as an actual or hypothetical agreement among the members of an organized society or between a community and its ruler that defines and limits the rights and duties of each. Social contract theory is rightly associated with modern moral and political theory and is given its first full exposition and defense by Thomas Hobbes. Thomas Hobbes defends the claim that it is never rational to behave unjustly. According to Hobbes, our human nature prevents us from naturally living at peace with one another.... [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]
1044 words (3 pages)
- Thomas Hobbes was the first philosopher to connect the philosophical commitments to politics. He offers a distinctive definition to what man needs in life which is a successful means to a conclusion. He eloquently defines the social contract of man after defining the intentions of man. This paper will account for why Hobbes felt that man was inherently empowered to preserve life through all means necessary, and how he creates an authorization for an absolute sovereign authority to help keep peace and preserve life.... [tags: Political Philosophy Sociology]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- ... That government has a series of purposes. Thomas Hobbes theorized that in the state of human nature, there would be no laws and rights would go unprotected until the Leviathan or the autocratic leader took control. Hobbes thought people needed to live in fear and be fearful of what would happen if they violated other’s rights. Hobbes and other theorist developed their theories during the Age of Enlightenment. Hobbes was challenging the power structure of that time period. The idea of natural rights requires that they be protected; this was the Social Contract Theory.... [tags: declaration of independence, hamilton]
586 words (1.7 pages)
- In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes lays out the hypothetical principal of the state of nature, where human it-self is artificial. It is human nature that people will not be able to love permanently, everyone against everyone power between the strongest. In this nation-state you must be the strongest in order to survive (survival of the fittest). In order to survive there are laws we must follow, to insure of our security because of fear. We were able to suppress our fear, by creating order, to have more order; we must have security, so the social contract appeared.... [tags: Leviathan Essays]
971 words (2.8 pages)
- Thomas Hobbes creates a clear idea of the social contract theory in which the social contract is a collective agreement where everyone in the state of nature comes together and sacrifices all their liberty in return to security. “In return, the State promises to exercise its absolute power to maintain a state of peace (by punishing deviants, etc.)” So are the power and the ability of the state making people obey to the laws or is there a wider context to this. I am going to look at the different factors to this argument including a wide range of critiques about Hobbes’ theory to see whether or not his theory is convincing reason for constantly obeying the law.... [tags: Leviathan Essays]
891 words (2.5 pages)
- The Social Contract and the Leviathan by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes, respectively, contextualizes man’s struggle to escape a brutish, short life within the state of nature. Man is confined in a lawless world where the words mine and thine are interchangeable, and where there is no regard for private possession; this indifference even extends to the right over someone’s body. And while there are those who revel in freedom from the synthetic chains of law, the reality of life in the state of nature- a life of constant war and distrust for one’s neighbor- trumps any short lived joys or monetary gains.... [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]
1688 words (4.8 pages)
- Force, Morality and Rights in Thomas Hobbes and John Locke's Social Contract Theories Throughout history, the effects of the unequal distribution of power and justice within societies have become apparent through the failure of governments, resulting in the creation of theories regarding ways to balance the amount of power given and the way in which justice is enforced. Due to this need for change, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke created two separate theories in which the concept of a social contract is used to determine the ways in which a government can govern without forfeiting justice.... [tags: Social Contract Hobbes Locke Essays]
1630 words (4.7 pages)
- The Social Contract and Its Impact on the Government The “Social Contract” was a theory written in the 17th and 18th century. This theory argued four important main points. These main points said that the state existed to serve the will of the people, that people were the only source of government power, that the people were free to withhold power of the government, but also had the ability to give power to the government, and finally it stated that the ideas in this document limited government, individual rights, and popular sovereignty.... [tags: Social Contract John Lock Thomas Hobbes Essays]
1136 words (3.2 pages)
- Both Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are well-known political philosophers and social contract theorists. Social Contract Theory is, “the hypothesis that one’s moral obligations are dependent upon an implicit agreement between individuals to form a society.” (IEP, Friend). Both Hobbes and Locke are primarily known for their works concerning political philosophy, namely Hobbes’ Leviathan and Locke’s Two Treatise of Government. Both works contain a different view of a State of Nature and lay out social contracts designed to neutralize the chaos inherent in that state.... [tags: nature, representation, government]
1505 words (4.3 pages)
- The social contract theory was a political foundation that underlined the distinct forms of government. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke mention the formation of governments, the main key to form a successful government is through consent such as voting, joining a military, or allow to be ruled by a sovereign. The contrasting ideologies by both theorists differ in human nature, Hobbes believed that man is not a social animal while John Locke opposed to this idea and stated that by nature man was a social animal.... [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]
1432 words (4.1 pages)