Thomas Hobbes And John Locke Essay

Thomas Hobbes And John Locke Essay

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Thomas Hobbes or John Locke?
Envision you are an educator and you question your class, “what is the purpose of government?” What responses do you believe you would receive? Which answers are right or wrong, and why? Centuries ago, two political philosophers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, had two different answers to that particular question. Both agreed that men needed government to pull them out of the state of nature. The state of nature is a way to portray the lives of people before societies. But while they agreed on that one thought, Hobbes and Locke had two distinctive opinions on why to pull men out of this state. Hobbes reasons the purpose of government is to guarantee law and order while making citizens “lives desirable and worth living.” While, Locke reasons the purpose of government is to not only guarantee law and order, but also to protect citizens’ rights and properties too. While some may trust that Thomas Hobbes is right, I support John Locke for his three ideas on the type of government, revolution, and the state of nature, which all contribute to the purpose of the government.
First most, people may suppose Thomas Hobbes is correct since he preferred an absolute monarchy. An absolute monarchy is when there is one ruler (called king, queen, pope, etc.) that has total control over the government. In my outlook, if the ruler is a worthy person and values his/her people than it could potentially be favorable. For instance, Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy and they have an extremely low freedom at ten percent, but the country is ranked one of the happiest in the world. I imagine this is because the citizens in Saudi Arabia agree with and enjoy their ruler, but what happens if the person in power is wicked? It ...


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... in society with others, who are already united, or have a mind to unite, for the mutual preservation of their lives, liberties, and estates…” (Locke).
Overall, I would be mistaken to not acknowledge that Thomas Hobbes has various respectable ideas about the purpose of government, but I believe John Locke takes it another step towards the right direction. Locke provided valuable evidence to support his thoughts and did not contradict himself like Hobbes. I agree with John Locke that the purpose of government is to protect and serve its people for the common good. As he would say, the purpose of government is “ being only with an intention in every one the better to preserve himself, his liberty, and property…” (Locke). In other words, although men give up some of their freedoms from when they were in the state of nature, they gain many benefits that are worth it.

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