Thomas Hobbes And John Locke Essay

Thomas Hobbes And John Locke Essay

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Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two of the most premier English Political Theorists of the 17th century. With the nature of government at the heart of both Philosophers ' most important accounts, Hobbes and Locke both began their government views with separate ideas of a state of nature, or a pre-political, society. Eventually transitioning into two differing views of an acceptable form of government within a society, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke ended their philosophical "careers" with different views of what a government should look like. The views that Hobbes and Locke had at the beginning of their philosophical path were similar during the beginning stages, but as the thinkers moved through the needs of a high-functioning society, they quickly came to realize what they believe is an appropriate form of government - and it was clear that their societal intentions were contrasting. Although Thomas Hobbes and John Locke began their inquiry into the most adequately functioning society with the foundation in a state of nature, the theorists eventually transitioned into having two differing views on a government within a society, and it ultimately concluded in them being drastically different social contract theorists.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke began their analysis of government within a society with the premise of a state of nature. Although the state of nature was the origin for both of the theorists points of argument throughout their social contract, the details of the state of nature were different for both thinkers. Thomas Hobbes ' primary focus was on "social and political order: How humans can live together in peace and avoid the danger and fear of civil conflict" (Garrath Williams, 1995). When addre...


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...nd straying away from giving the government too much power over the people. In contrast to Hobbes, Locke believes that if the majority of people are unhappy with the role of the government, they should have the power to overthrow that authoritative figure to meet best the needs of everyone.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two of the most influential theorists of philosophy in the 17th century. The impact that they made on their social contract and more specifically, in the original ideas of the state of nature influenced many thinkers and theorists that followed them. Although both Hobbes and Locke began their analyses with a state of nature or society before a government has been formed, the two theorists conclude their social contracts on
different foundations that resulted in their view of the appropriate amount of government within a society.

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