Essay about The Third Theory Within Liberalism

Essay about The Third Theory Within Liberalism

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The third theory within Liberalism, Ideational Liberalism, is based on the idea that that the ideological preferences can determine the actions, peaceful or not, taken by states, citizens, and domestic actors. In John M. Owen’s essay, “How Liberalism Produces Democratic Peace,” Owen examines this theory using the democratic peace theory. He argues, due to liberal ideology and liberal democratic institutions, “that liberal ideas cause liberal democracies to tend away from war with one another, and that the same ideas prod these states into war with illiberal states “(Owen 1994). His reasoning is that liberal democracies share an interest in promoting freedom, equality, self-preservation, and material well being, but conflict would act counterproductively in promoting and achieving these shared interests. Overall, he believes that the democratic peace theory is true. Even though he notes that the democratic peace theory “does not lead to perpetual peace” (Owen 1994), he states that “democratic peace provides strong evidence that ideas matter in international relations, both as shapers of national interest and as builders of democratic institutions” (Owen 1994). As a result, this is an example of how ideological preferences can predict relations between various states. In addition, Moravcsik states, like Owen, that “the conﰝfiguration of domestic social identities and values as a basic determinant of state preferences and, therefore, of interstate conflict and cooperation” (Moravcsik 1997). He further asserts that conflict is unlikely if the two actors share a social identity (respect for boarders and citizenship rights, shared commitment to particular political institutions, support of socioeconomic regulation and redistribution) (M...

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...rt’s ruling, which stated that China did not have territorial claims over various disputed islands (New York Times). Another example of the lack of strength of the current international institutions is when it comes to North Korea. The U.N. has been unable to prevent erratic and dangerous behavior, despite its many sanctions and efforts (Hudson 2016). As North Korea gets more dangerous, the chances for conflict will rise significantly. While the previous two examples are small, they do show that the current institutions may not be as strong as most Neo-Liberal Institionalists would want. However, despite these shortcomings, most scholars would agree that the current institutions have facilitated enough cooperation and are strong enough that China can continue to rise in a peaceful manner, so long that they can maintain the current level of cooperation.

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