Throughout the world, writers use literary terms to convey their message in a straightforward and motivating mode. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is one work of literature where the author uses many literary terms to convey the main idea of the story. Achebe uses literary terms such as amplification and irony in his story, Things Fall Apart, to convey his message. Amplification is a literary application wherein the writer writes in details about certain events or things to increase its worth and understandability (Literary Terms). Irony refers to the fact that when the author means one thing, but the opposite happens. In Things Fall Apart, Achebe uses amplification and irony to convey his message of the importance of culture and religion to the Ibo people. Okonkwo who takes his culture and religion important kills himself due to the change in his culture by the Europeans.
Chinua Achebe uses amplification to show the importance of culture and religion to the Ibo people in Umuofia. Throughout the entire story, Achebe talks about how the Umuofia’s people have many rituals of their culture and religion that they follow. As a result, the readers can believe that culture and religion is very sacred to the natives. The narrator states, “The festival was now three days away. Okonkwo’s wives had scrubbed the walls and the huts with red earth until they reflected light…The three women talked excitedly about the relations who had been invited…” (Achebe 39). This demonstrates that culturally, the season of yams was very important to the Ibo people. The Ibo people held a festival every year before the harvest began “to honor the earth goddess and the ancestral spirits of the ...
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Overall, Achebe uses amplification and irony to convey “the beauties” as Akers says in her article, and the importance of culture and religion to the Ibo people. The natives of Umuofia have many rituals and ceremonies to follow their culture and to worship their goddesses. For every little thing such as yams and the kola nut, they prayed to their gods and goddesses to thank them. Due to the importance of culture and religion to Okonkwo, he did not like seeing people converting to the new religion; therefore, he killed himself. Ironically, when the Europeans arrived, they changed the Ibo people’s perspective with the importance of Umuofian culture to make them follow the religion of Christianity. Most of the Ibo people started to convert to Christianity. The Europeans persuaded and converted many natives to the new religion, Christianity.
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