In this project, for the first time, temperature distribution in tissue will be calculated with using a new numerical method which is finite element method with weighted extended b-spline curve. The most important property of this numerical method which is proposed to overcome the drawbacks of finite element method, is that they do not require any mesh generation, and they have the usage simplicity of piecewise or linear basis functions. In the mathematical field of numerical analysis, a spline is a special function defined piecewise by polynomials. Splines are po...
... middle of paper ...
...ies, which are about thermal effects in human tissue generated by a hot solid or light sources, are so few in numbers and there is a shortage of safety limit definitions, it is obvious that thermal analysis in this study, will be useful for defining safety exposure limits and providing risk management politics which are also our final goal. Numerical studies performed on tissue will contribute to improvement of original numerical methods and will also enlighten the experimental studies. It is expected that these analysis will guide studies on living or nonliving biological tissues’ or organs’ thermal behaviours. With the conduction of this project, the scope of the research in Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, within the Engineering Faculty of Marmara University, will be extended in the field of computational and numerical biomedical studies.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Biological Importance of Water Water is essential to life itself, with out water life on earth would not exist. Water is a major component of cells, typically forming between 70 and 95% of the mass of the cell. This means that we are made from approximately 80% water by mass and some soft bodied creatures such as jellyfish are made of up to 96% water. Water also provides an environment for organisms to live in, 75% of the earth is covered in water. Water itself is a simple molecule made up of 2 hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom, H20.... [tags: Papers]
1174 words (3.4 pages)
- With the development of society, scientists invent new efficient and effective technologies for humanity to live with comfort, and thermal insulation system is one of these to serve people by reducing undesirable heat loss or gain and decreasing the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. In summer, the amount of heat entering through walls and ceilings is reduced, keeping the home cooler. In winter, insulation helps to keep warmth inside the home. This article will explain three principles of thermal insulation systems in building, namely conduction, convection and thermal radiation, then discusses three applications in home, finally shows the significance of the thermal insulation s... [tags: Heat, Heat transfer, Temperature, Thermodynamics]
1080 words (3.1 pages)
- PROPERTIES OF THERMAL INSULATION SYSTEMS: Thermal Energy: the random movement of molecules in a system with respect to its temperature is what is refer to as thermal energy or internal kinetic energy. Kinetic energy exist in three basic forms: translational, vibrational and rotational. Translational is the energy which is as a result of the movement of molecules to each other, vibrational as a result of the vibrating motion of the molecules and rotational due to the rotating motion of molecules.... [tags: Heat, Temperature, Heat transfer, Thermodynamics]
1483 words (4.2 pages)
- To create a better result in the usage of PCM, there needs to be thermal conductivity components engineered within the PCM. The goal of this project is to optimize thermal energy storage of PCM by engineering in thermal conductivity properties by adding in conductive fillers. By adding in the conductive fillers, however, it will alter the current desired properties of the PCM such as overall mass, volume, and enthalpy. The focus is to find the best trade- off of the desired properties of the PCM to maximize its thermal conductivity and performance in satellites.... [tags: Energy, Heat, Thermodynamics, Temperature]
1393 words (4 pages)
- Cryobiology: Low Temperature Studies Of Biological Systems Thesis: Low temperature biology, or cryobiology, has the possibility, and may very easily and very drastically affect everyones' lives in the future. Through rapidly approaching cryobiological medical procedures and techniques, the presence of intense ethical issues may play an important role in many everyday decisions that do not now exist. Introduction What is cryobiology. It is "the study of the effects of freezing and low temperatures on living organisms" (Read, 1999).... [tags: Biology Biological Papers]
4929 words (14.1 pages)
- Thermal protection is a method of detecting over-temperature conditions and disconnecting the electrical power. This usually used to prevent fires or damage to electronics power supplies and equipment which may arise from the high temperatures. Temperature in power supplies rises due to both environmental factors as well as heat generated by the components themselves. There is heat from semiconductors such as transistors, ICs, switching devices, from transformers, inductors and resistors. The amount of heat varies from one power supply to another and may be a factor of design, power capacity and load.... [tags: Heat, Temperature, Heat transfer, Resistor]
744 words (2.1 pages)
- For many years, the standard for residential household hot water systems has been an oil, gas, or electrical hot water tank that provides a reliable supply of water at a set temperature. The temperature gradient within the tank was thought to have little significance, as long as the output temperature was constant. It wasn’t until Sharp and Loehrke’s report  on the topic was published in 1979 followed by Hollands and Lightstone  ten years later that the potential rewards of thermal stratification became apparent.... [tags: hot water, temperature]
1240 words (3.5 pages)
- Measuring temperature. In this essay, my chosen topic is measuring temperature. This includes what temperature is, the different methods of measuring temperature that can be used, how to do this and the advantages and disadvantages of all methods relating to set guidelines for example NICE guidelines and those of the Royal College of Nursing and National Health Service. Body temperature is the average core temperature of the human body which is usually around 37 degrees. According to Marieb and Hoehn, 2010, body temperature shows the balance between heat production and heat loss.... [tags: Temperature, Thermometer, Health care, Human body]
987 words (2.8 pages)
- Thermal Imaging Thermal Imaging is the conversion of radiated or reflected heat into real-time pictures or images. A thermal image is an analogue visual representation of temperature differences. All objects above absolute zero (-273 degrees) emit radiation waves that are infrared. Depending on temperature and emissivity, most objects in the world can be thermally imaged. Thermal Imaging can be applied in many varying circumstances to simplify the detection, location and assessment of temperature related problems.... [tags: Papers]
805 words (2.3 pages)
- Thermal Pollution Recently we've allowed our planet to begin overheating. With the introduction of CFC's and Carbon Dioxide into the atmosphere we've managed to raise the temperature of this vast resource. Even more ignorant is our failure to learn from our mistakes. Now, through thermal pollution (the introducton of waste heat into water), we've began destroying the womb of all life-the earth's vast water network. The Causes: There are three major causes of thermal pollution. the use of water as a cooling agent deforestation of shorelines soil erosion The foremost cause being the use of water as a cooling agent in nuclear power plants and other industrial facilities.... [tags: Papers]
810 words (2.3 pages)