The Theory Of Women And The Criminal Justice System Essay

The Theory Of Women And The Criminal Justice System Essay

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There are a number of factors and theories that determine why women have been imprisoned at a rate more rapidly than men. Factors include the type of offences that have imprisoned women, any prior incarceration and sentence length. The characteristics of women contribute to the factor through the theories that best describe this inequality. These theories are social process, rational choice and neutralization theories. As society continues to evolve, we see women become more independent which can be reflected in the crimes that have been committed. Prior to the 1970s, women were practically undetectable when it came to the reporting of crimes therefore, within contemporary society, we see new crimes being introduced and more women being involved. This essay will discuss the social process and how it exemplifies women who have frequent contact with the criminal justice system and how they typically come from social backgrounds that have been associated with the involvement of little to no employment, minimal family values, poor education. The neutralization theory is understood to be where women deny any responsibility for committing crimes and believe that there were no victims with respect to the crimes they have ‘committed’. According to statistics, the crimes that women commit are considered to be less serious than one of a man therefore, receiving a shorter sentence, in turn increasing the headcount and turnover of women who may be incarcerated.

There are a number of reasons for the increasing rate of female prisoners which include the type of offence, any prior imprisonment, and sentence length (GELB). Australian communities have put pressure on the government through the use of media to “get tough on crime” no matter what...


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...ers; this may be determined by the offence type, prior imprisonment, and sentence length. Research suggests that the social process theory is one of the best theories in regards to explaining the understanding of female crime and imprisonment. Neutralization theory and rationale choice theory are also theories that best describe this disparity. It has been explained that women have shown denial of responsibility, injury, and harm when committing a crime as they believe it was never a crime and that nobody would get hurt. The choices that are made by women to committing crimes involve the decision making about the how to commit the crime and whether they are ready to engage in crime but still consider a range of factors prior to going ahead with the crime. In Australia, Researchers agree, saying violent behavior by women is rising and shows no signs of slowing down.

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The Theory Of Women And The Criminal Justice System Essay

- There are a number of factors and theories that determine why women have been imprisoned at a rate more rapidly than men. Factors include the type of offences that have imprisoned women, any prior incarceration and sentence length. The characteristics of women contribute to the factor through the theories that best describe this inequality. These theories are social process, rational choice and neutralization theories. As society continues to evolve, we see women become more independent which can be reflected in the crimes that have been committed....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal law]

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