There are a number of reasons for the increasing rate of female prisoners which include the type of offence, any prior imprisonment, and sentence length (GELB). Australian communities have put pressure on the government through the use of media to “get tough on crime” no matter what...
... middle of paper ...
...ers; this may be determined by the offence type, prior imprisonment, and sentence length. Research suggests that the social process theory is one of the best theories in regards to explaining the understanding of female crime and imprisonment. Neutralization theory and rationale choice theory are also theories that best describe this disparity. It has been explained that women have shown denial of responsibility, injury, and harm when committing a crime as they believe it was never a crime and that nobody would get hurt. The choices that are made by women to committing crimes involve the decision making about the how to commit the crime and whether they are ready to engage in crime but still consider a range of factors prior to going ahead with the crime. In Australia, Researchers agree, saying violent behavior by women is rising and shows no signs of slowing down.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- There are a number of factors and theories that determine why women have been imprisoned at a rate more rapidly than men. Factors include the type of offences that have imprisoned women, any prior incarceration and sentence length. The characteristics of women contribute to the factor through the theories that best describe this inequality. These theories are social process, rational choice and neutralization theories. As society continues to evolve, we see women become more independent which can be reflected in the crimes that have been committed.... [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal law]
1794 words (5.1 pages)
- In this paper I will discuss a major theory that has helped shape our criminal justice system today and how it came about. There are multiple major theories that made the criminal justice system what it is today, but I will only be discussing one theory and the theory that I will be covering in this paper is the classical school theory. I chose this theory because I believe that people have a choice to decide what they do. That also plays a part in the criminal activities that they participate in as well.... [tags: social contract, penalties, free will]
1496 words (4.3 pages)
- There is an ongoing problem in our society regarding punishment and responsibility. We, as a society, tend to look away when it comes to how criminals are being punished and maybe we should be paying more attention. Violence seems to be an integral part of our society, some raise their children with violence, we watch it on television, read it in newspapers and books and now we are even playing violent video games. When it comes to the judicial system the majority of citizens do not even know how individuals are being punished or if the punishment is too harsh, not severe enough or if the individual even needs punishment because what they may need is psychiatric help.... [tags: punishment, prisons, criminals]
769 words (2.2 pages)
- The criminal justice policy has many different sides. This include the different theories of crime and how they have an impact the criminal justice system. Some of this theories are the Biological studies, Psychological theories, and last the Sociological theory all are used as different methods of explaining why crime exists. Biological theories are the biological explanations of crime. A famous theorists Cesare Lombroso, founder of the Italian school of Positivist Criminology. His biological explanation of crime, was that criminal behavior were genetic and that individuals who take part in crime, can be recognized by physical abnormalities or defects.... [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice]
828 words (2.4 pages)
- Historically, criminology was significantly ‘gender-blind’ with men constituting the majority of criminal offenders, criminal justice practitioners and criminologists to understand ‘male crimes’ (Carraine, Cox, South, Fussey, Turton, Theil & Hobbs, 2012). Consequently, women’s criminality was a greatly neglected area and women were typically seen as non-criminal. Although when women did commit crimes they were medicalised and pathologised, and sent to mental institutions not prisons (Carraine et al., 2012).... [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminal justice]
1518 words (4.3 pages)
- Restorative justice is a simple yet complex form of justice and it is a relatively new theory in regards to the criminal justice system. The term restorative justice was first used by Albert Eglash in the late 1950’s. Eglash believed there are essentially three types of justice used in the criminal justice system. The three are retributive, distributive, and restorative. Retributive and distributive justice both focus on the actions of the offenders. These types of justices leave the victims out of the justice process (Van Ness and Strong, 2010, p.... [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]
1851 words (5.3 pages)
- During the 1800s, the Irish Penal System also evolved. This was created by Alexander Maconochie and Sir Walter Crofton. This system rather moved inmates from the solitary confinement to a more restricted confinement until they were prepared to leave to join the society. This idea or system led to the reformation of the criminal justice system hence the institution of rehabilitation programmes in our prisons for which we are witnessing today. In 1974 Robert Martinson published a thesis based on the meta-analysis of two hundred and thirty one (231) studies conducted by various researchers between 1945 and 1967 in the United States of America.... [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Punishment]
792 words (2.3 pages)
- Juvenile Justice John Reitan The University of Memphis When our thoughts turn to the criminal justice system it is only a natural instinct to assume everyone associated with policing, courts, and corrections will have to deal with juveniles sometime in their career. Young people in today’s society can be so easily influenced by social situations, peer pressure, and family members. The courts in the United States are faced with difficult decisions on a daily basis. Sentencing juveniles to adult facilities for their crimes is becoming a common trend in the justice system today; however it is not a deterrent whatsoever.... [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice]
1084 words (3.1 pages)
- This paper will be focusing on the courts as the specific sub-system in the criminal justice system. As said in the book the court system is responsible for charging criminal suspects, carrying out trials, and sentencing a person convicted of a crime. The fear of crime influences criminal justice policies in the court system. One way it does this is with the courts sentencing. Courts are able to give out severe punishments as a method of deterrence. This specific type of deterrence would be general deterrence.... [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law, Judge]
872 words (2.5 pages)
- Learning, studying, and developing theories on why criminal behavior occurs is important because it helps the criminal justice system understand why people commit crimes and what type of punishment may work and what type of punishment has been proven ineffective. Criminal theories were being developed as far back as the Iron Age and are still being developed and modified today. Spiritualism, classical school theory, and positivist school theory are just a few of the theories that have helped influence our founding fathers and influence the criminal justice system in America and across the world.... [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology, Sociology]
1108 words (3.2 pages)