The Theory Of Value Consensus By Establishing Gender Roles And Reproduction

The Theory Of Value Consensus By Establishing Gender Roles And Reproduction

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Nevertheless, Functionalists theory only focused on men and women as genders and their roles in the society to function which disintegrate other genders. The focal point of conventional community, particularly in Russia, is to encourage social stability in the society, based on tradition, patriarchy and religion. These affect homosexuality because, it became illegal and deviant as they cannot conform to the needs and rules of the society. (Schaaf, 2013), Homosexuality is an alien or mental illness and Russian identity was renewed by religious fervour because Russian Orthodox believed in Russian norms of machismo or patriarchy. Additionally, due to labelling and categorizing gender, creates fear, suffering, disobedience and deprivation of liberty for homosexuals. The Functionalist perspectives disproved the theory of value consensus by establishing gender roles and reproduction, because homosexuals have their own mental capacity to think and beliefs, feelings cannot be dictated and there are other methods of reproduction for the next generation. In fact, new technologies like IVF or test tube babies and surrogacy are some methods for reproduction of the next group (Thornes, 2008). In comparison, Traditional has huge demarcation from Cosmopolitan communities such as Polynesia, which accepts that there are more than two genders and people performs in a diverse way. For example, “Mahu” is an individual who embraces two identities of male and female and it was in the Hawaiian history. They can enjoy their married life by choosing the right person, in any gender (Snow, 2015). In Modern community, “Third gender” is recognized, accepted and respected in their community. This outlook leads the community with; stability, peace and order,...


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...y are excluded in the community which results to discrimination and social exclusion. Verbal harassment and rights violations are some of the seventy-eight cases attack on homosexuals after the controversial law for Russian homophobes named License to Harm (Eremenko, 2014). The predomination of gender identity in the community as well as their religion gave a huge demarcation of the heterosexual and the homosexual in Russia. Moreover, anyone who will support the homosexual’s equality will be fined or arrested because another law was passed in accordance to those who will promote the “propaganda for non-traditional sexual relations” (Mason, 2013). Persecution of homosexual became norms, their rights were violated, their true identity has been taken away by fears, agony and burden and most of all their freedom to speak and express their feelings are slowly vanishing.

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