“what is necessary to change a person is to change his awareness of himself” (Abraham Maslow, 1954)
Psychoanalytic theory produces an explanation to our behavior in terms of interaction of the various components of personality, Founded and established by Sigmund Freud, 1856 (Lahey, 2009; Larsen & Buss, 2012). In his theory, instinctual forces are the notion human nature relied on. He stated that the instinctual force is what motivates people and gives people motivation to do or not to do something. Freud stated the strong forces provide all the energy, he related them closely to sexual instincts as well as death and life instincts (Larsen & buss, 2012). He called it libido meaning life instincts and later developed another term thantos meaning death instinct (Larsen & Buss, 2012).
In the early stage Freud stated that the human psyche consists of three main parts conscious, preconscious and unconscious (Wilding, 2010). Freud suggested that the conscious contains our thoughts, feelings and perceptions. Precocious exists solely to hold memories and information which isn’t thought of presently, and lastly the unconscious which is said to be the largest part holding unwanted thoughts and information (Larsen & Buss, 2012).
Freud put much emphasis on the fact that all behavior, feeling and perception are an expression of the state of mind (Wilding, 2010). He also went on to describe that human’s aggressive and sexual instincts often lead to our urges and drives, which conflict with society (Lahey, 2009). Later on Freud developed the three elements of the ...
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...der, next is safety needs i.e. House, job etc. Next is the belongingness need’ this is the feeling of being accepted and loved. Following this esteem need, people need to feel worthwhile, competent and valuable (Larsen & Buss, 2012). Finally the need of self-actualization this will only develop when all other needs are met, this is the point when an individual realizes his or her potential as a human being (Lahey, 2009).
To sum up this paper, psychoanalytic and humanistic theory differs from one another. The views they have on society, nature, development of personality and human motivation have huge contrast. However they are similar to a certain extent, they both focus on the individual themselves and have both been scrutinized for lack of empirical evidence. With all that being said one can suggest that their influences will continue to strive for years to come.
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