The Theory Of The Enlightenment

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The Enlightenment was a time in which men thought they were no longer in need of a religious perspective to explain the world. Through the power of their own reason, men believed that they could understand and explain the world better than religious ideas. This kind of thinking happens because of a lot of different things and questions being posed about the world and men had science to use to figure out the answers. Man’s abilities in scientific discovery grew, even though science as a discipline was at first meant to be a study of God’s Creation. Men could search for answers that satisfied their understanding of the world, god and eventually this religion of Christianity. In general, Christianity was the religion that dominated the region from which the Enlightenment emerged. It taught peace instead of conflict. Yet many of the conflicts have been themselves religious disputes, or worse. Christianity itself would eventually be challenged at the most fundamental levels, its entire validity as a worldview would be undermined. Some of the challenges of science came at the level of history, archaeology, literary criticism, and naturalism. Efforts were made at disproving the story of the Scripture one event at a time by claiming that the biblical narrative was untrue, that it was not real history. The Bible itself was challenged in terms of authorship, internal contradiction, textual critical problems, and interpretive discontinuities. Due to these challenges presented the Enlightenment was a time when man believed himself to be illuminated/enlightened in his own reasoning abilities beyond the need for religious revelation. There was also an event that followed the Enlightenment which was called the Great Awakening. “The Great Awaken... ... middle of paper ... ...as wish-fulfilment. God, according to Feuerbach, is projection is the strongest desires of humanity. For Feuerbach, much of the appeal of Christianity lies in its promise of immortality. Human beings have many fears, but most of all we fear death. Christianity, in promising eternal life, offers to take this fear away from us. If we are willing to buy into religion, then we can escape from our fear, and live in blissful ignorance of our mortality. This accounts for the attractiveness of religion, the strength of its grip on human minds. Of course, for this process to work we cannot consciously decide to adopt a religion as a means of escaping from our fears. No, the decision must be unconscious; it is the unconscious mind that drives us to religion. To understand God, on this view, one must understand human psychology; as Feuerbach put it, “theology is anthropology”.
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