History in itself is how determine the path that we have taken to arrive at a certain point. Knowing is only half of the equation, we must use that information to develop and improve, so that we can take a better path in the future. In the field of law, this is especially important. Specifically in the Criminal Justice System, history is a roadmap that is mainly used a way to examine the cause and effect relationship between policies, laws, and society.
Criminal law is a complex interaction between criminal procedures and the sanctions that are imposed on individuals for breaking the law. Legislator use a myriad of analysis tools to determine if laws are as effective as they are intended to be. The law provides a form of control over society, it is designed to steer people into obeying social norms, so that we can realize a peaceful coexistence. When an individual disrupts this peace they are dealt with, with the intent to realign the individual’s behavior with the rest of society. In this paper I will discuss and cover what has led the Criminal Justice System to change over time (Bozheku, 2015).
Changes in the Criminal Justice System
Criminal Justice’s main staple is the ability to examine a criminal over the course of their life. Juveniles that may commit minor offenses, but never evolve into more serious crimes are considered to be adolescent limited criminals; however, those who continue on the path of crime are usually branded as career criminals or Life course persistent criminals (Thomas et al., 2014). The lack of information of such criminals has led to overgeneralization. One reason that this issue is important is because of the necessity to profile certain types of offenders. Law enforcement woul...
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...s in the way they investigate, prosecute, and punish offenders. Prosecutions in today’s criminal Justice System stem mainly from plea bargains. It is significantly cheaper to offer a plea bargain, than to go to trial. The idea is that the offender is still punished, but not at the expense of having a long drawn out trial. This level of mass incarceration is unparalleled with any other time in our history. So much so that it has led to overcrowded prisons. Prisons used to perform double duty, acting as a prison for criminals and an asylum for the mentally ill. It todays Criminal Justice System, great steps have been taken to ensure that mentally ill offenders receive the help that they need instead of being locked up and being untreated because they were not diagnosed. Also, the truly dangerous criminals are imprisoned and can no longer be a threat to society.
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