The Theory Of The Classical School Essay

The Theory Of The Classical School Essay

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The Classical School was developed between the 1700- 1800 in which criminologist gave their point of view. The Classical School had ties to the enlightenment period, and crime was a result of free will and people making their own choices. This is based on the calculations of the cost and benefits. The incident of crime can be reduced through effective punishment. The way is through when it yields the rewards to be derived from crime commission. The enlightenment period fueled social change, and provide people the free will to think for themselves This help them to reexamine of existing doctrines of human behavior through the perspective of rationalism. The Enlightenment period showed that people had control over their own life, and crime came to be known as a form of evil fueled by a person’s wrongdoing due to their own personal choices. The first important influential thinker was Cesare Beccaria. Cesare Beccaria was born in Milan, Italy , and he was the oldest in the family.Cesare went to a catholic school where he earn his Doctorate of law degree. Beccaria published his Essay on Crimes and Punishments in 1764. Essay on Crimes and Punishments consisted of 42 short chapters covering major themes to show his observations on the laws and justice system of that time. Cesare brought the idea of a social contract which said laws is the conditions under which independent men came together to form a society. Cesare writings contained a philosophy of punishment in which he said that punishment should be a deterrence from crime rather than an retribution. He saw this as a way to prevent crime because it would deter criminals from repeat crimes. Cesare see the only way to prevent crimes is by being swift and certain the punishment sticks....


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...man rights is only made possible when society as a whole work together. Citizen rights should be respected by its society when faced with government action and for their independence insofar as such independence can be secured without endangering others. Due process an offender should be presumed innocent until they are proven guilty.The offender should not be not be punished until the law finds the person guilty. The list of assumptions are one existed to produce accomplishment in economic goals. Second, on the list through systematic scientific inquiry the best way to organize for production can be found. Third, in the division of labor Production is maximized through specialization. Fourth, rational economic principles act in accordance with people and organizations.




























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